National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce

Search Results:
1968 to Present
Sorted by year: Descending
Author contains: MCPHADEN

Fiscal Year 2020
Cont. #: 4758
Davis, R.E., L. Talley, D. Roemmich, W.B. Owens, D.L. Rudnick, R. Weller, J. Steele, M.J. McPhaden, and J. Barth (2019): 100 years of progress in ocean observing systems. AMS Meteorological Monographs, doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0014.1, View online.
Cont. #: 4903
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and K.J. Connell (2019): Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array: Wind Direction Accuracy Revisited. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-150, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 23, doi: 10.25923/bn0n-3g25, View online.
Cont. #: 4996
Guan, C., S. Hu, M.J. McPhaden, F. Wang, S. Gao, and Y. Hou (2019): Dipole structure of mixed layer salinity variations in response to El Niño-La Niña asymmetry in the tropical Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, doi: 10.1029/2019GL084817, View online.
Fiscal Year 2019
Cont. #: 4793
Bourlès, B., M. Araujo, M.J. McPhaden, P. Brandt, G. Foltz, R. Lumpkin, H. Giordani, F. Hernandez, N. Lefèvre, P. Nobre, E. Campos, R. Saravanan, J. Trotte-Duhà, M. Dengler, J. Hahn, R. Hummels, J. Lübbecke, M. Rouault, L. Cotrim, A.J. Sutton, M. Jochum, and R. Perez (2019): PIRATA: A sustained observing system for tropical Atlantic climate research and forecasting. Earth Space Sci., 6, doi: 10.1029/2018EA000428, View online.
Cont. #: 4817
Cai, W., G. Wang, B. Dewitte, L. Wu, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, Y. Yang, A. Carréric, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Increased variability of eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming. Nature, 564, 201–206, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0776-9, View online.
Cont. #: 4838
Cai, W., L. Wu, M. Lengaigne, T. Li, S. McGregor, J.-S. Kug, J.-Y. Yu, M.F. Stuecker, A. Santoso, X. Li, Y.-G. Ham, Y. Chikamoto, B. Ng, M.J. McPhaden, Y. Du, D. Dommenget, F. Jia, J.B. Kajtar, N. Keenlyside, X. Lin, J.-J. Luo, M. Martin-Rey, Y. Ruprich-Robert, G. Wang, S.-P. Xie, Y. Yang, S.M. Kang, J.-Y. Choi, B. Gan, G.-I. Kim, C.-E. Kim, S. Kim, J.-H. Kim, and P. Chang (2019): Pantropical climate interactions. Science, 363(6430), eaav4236, doi: 10.1126/science.aav4236, View online.
Cont. #: 4831
Cyriac, A., M.J. McPhaden, H.E. Phillips, N.L. Bindoff, and M. Feng (2019): Seasonal evolution of the surface layer heat balance in the subtropical Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 124(9), 6459–6477, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014559, View online.
Cont. #: 4918
Foltz, G.R., P. Brandt, I. Richter, B. Rodriguez-Fonseca, F. Hernandez, M. Dengler, R.R. Rodrigues, J.O. Schmidt, L. Yu, N. Lefevre, L. Cotrim Da Cunha, M.J. McPhaden, M. Cunha de Araujo Filho, J. Karstensen, J. Hahn, M. Martín-Rey, C.M. Patricola, P. Poli, P. Zuidema, R. Hummels, R.C. Perez, V. Hatje, J. Lübbecke, I. Polo, R. Lumpkin, B. Bourlès, F.E. Asuquo, P. Lehodey, A. Conchon, P. Chang, P. Dandin, C. Schmid, A.J. Sutton, H. Giordani, Y. Xue, S. Illig, T. Losada, S. Grodsky, F. Gasparin, T. Lee, E. Mohino, P. Nobre, R. Wanninkhof, N.S. Keenlyside, V. Garcon, E. Sanchez-Gomez, H.C. Nnamchi, M. Drevillon, A. Storto, E. Remy, A. Lazar, S. Speich, M. Pereira Goes, T. Dorrington, W.E. Johns, J.N. Moum, C. Robinson, C. Perruche, R.B. de Souza, A. Gaye, M. Lopez-Parages, P.-A. Monerie, P. Castellanos, N.U. Benson, M.N. Hounkonnou, and Janice Trotte Duha (2019): The Tropical Atlantic Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 206, Oceanobs19: An Ocean of Opportunity, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00206, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4814
Guan, C., M.J. McPhaden, F. Wang, and S. Hu (2019): Quantifying the role of oceanic feedbacks on ENSO asymmetry. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46(4), 2140–2148, doi: 10.1029/2018GL081332, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4934
Hermes, J.C., Y. Masumoto, L. Beal, M. Roxy, J. Vialard, M. Andres, H. Annamalai, S. Behera, N. d'Adamo, T. Doi, M. Feng, W. Han, H. Hendon, R.R. Hood, S. Kido, C. Lee, T. Lee, M. Lengaigne, R. Lumpkin, K. Navaneeth, B. Milligan, M.J. McPhaden, M. Ravichandra, T. Shinoda, A. Singh, B.M. Sloyan, P. Strutto, A. Subramanian, S. Thurston, T. Tozuka, C. Ummenhofer, S. Unnikrishnan Alakkat, R. Venkatesan, D. Wang, J. Wiggert, L. Yu, and W. Yu (2019): A sustained ocean observing system in the Indian Ocean for climate related scientific knowledge and societal needs. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 355, Oceanobs19: An Ocean of Opportunity, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00355, View online.
Cont. #: 4751
Huang, K., M.J. McPhaden, W. Wang, Q. Xie, J. Chen, Y. Shu, Q. Wang, J. Li, J. Yao, L. Chen, and D. Wang (2018): Vertical propagation of mid-depth zonal currents associated with surface wind forcing in the equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 123(10), 7290–7307, doi: 10.1029/2018JC013977, View online.
Cont. #: 4953
Leung, S., L. Thompson, M.J. McPhaden, and K.A.S. Mislan (2019): ENSO drives near-surface oxygen and vertical habitat variability in the tropical Pacific. Environ. Res. Lett., 14, 064020, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab1c13, View online.
Cont. #: 4828
Pujiana, K., M.J. McPhaden, A.L. Gordon, and A.M. Napitu (2019): Unprecedented response of Indonesian throughflow to anomalous Indo-Pacific climatic forcing in 2016. J. Geophys. Res., 124(6), 3737–3754, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014574, View online.
Cont. #: 4797
Sutton, A.J., R.A. Feely, S. Maenner-Jones, S. Musielewicz, J. Osborne, C. Dietrich, N. Monacci, J. Cross, R. Bott, A. Kozyr, A.J. Andersson, N.R. Bates, W.-J. Cai, M.F. Cronin, E.H. De Carlo, B. Hales, S.D. Howden, C.M. Lee, D.P. Manzello, M.J. McPhaden, M. Meléndez, J.B. Mickett, J.A. Newton, S.E. Noakes, J.H. Noh, S.R. Olafsdottir, J.E. Salisbury, U. Send, T.W. Trull, D.C. Vandemark, and R.A. Weller (2019): Autonomous seawater pCO2 and pH time series from 40 surface buoys and the emergence of anthropogenic trends. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 421–439, doi: 10.5194/essd-11-421-2019, View online.
Fiscal Year 2018
Cont. #: 4698
Brainard, R.E., T. Oliver, M.J. McPhaden, A. Cohen, R. Venegas, A. Heenan, B. Vargas-Ángel, R. Rotjan, S Mangubhai, E. Flint, and S.A. Hunter (2018): Ecological impacts of the 2015/16 El Niño in the central equatorial Pacific. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 99(1), Explaining Extreme Events of 2016 from a Climate Perspective, S21–S26, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0128.1, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4630
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): The effects of external forcing and internal variability on the formation of interhemispheric sea surface temperature gradient trends in the Indian Ocean. J. Climate, 30(22), 9077–9095, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0138.1.
Cont. #: 4692
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Unusually warm Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures help to arrest development of El Niño in 2014. Sci. Rep., 8, 2249, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-20294-4, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4747
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and K.J. Connell (2018): Comparison of ATLAS and T-Flex Mooring Data. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-149, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, doi: 10.25923/h4vn-a328. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 4660
Girishkumar, M.S., J. Joseph, V.P. Thangaprakash, V. Pottapinjara, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Mixed layer temperature budget for northward propagating summer monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO) in the central Bay of Bengal. J. Geophys. Res., 122(11), 8841–8854, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013073.
Cont. #: 4736
Hu, Z.-Z., B. Huang, J. Zhu, A. Kumar, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): On the variety of coastal El Niño events. Climate Dynam., doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4290-4, View online.
Cont. #: 4492
Khodri, M., T. Izumo, J. Vialard, S. Janicot, C. Cassou, M. Lengaigne, J. Mignot, G. Gastineau, E. Guilyardi, N. Lebas, A. Robock, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Tropical explosive volcanic eruptions can trigger El Niño events by cooling tropical Africa. Nature Commun., 8, 778, doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00755-6, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4691
Levine, A.F.Z., D.M.W. Frierson, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): AMO forcing of multidecadal Pacific ITCZ variability. J. Climate, 31(14), 5749–5764, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0810.1, View online.
Cont. #: 4682
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2018): The shallow overturning circulation in the Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 48(2), 413–434, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-17-0127.1.
Cont. #: 4738
Pujiana, K., and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Ocean’s response to the convectively coupled Kelvin waves in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 123(8), 5727–5741, doi: 10.1029/2018JC013858, View online.
Cont. #: 4528
Puy, M., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, E. Guilyardi, P.N. DiNezio, A. Voldoire, M. Balmaseda, G. Madec, C. Menkes, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Influence of Westerly Wind Events stochasticity on El Niño amplitude: the case of 2014 vs. 2015. Climate Dynam., doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3938-9, Published online.
Cont. #: 4701
Santoso, A., M.J. McPhaden, and W. Cai (2017): The defining characteristics of ENSO extremes and the strong 2015/2016 El Niño. Rev. Geophys., 55(4), 1079–1129, doi: 10.1002/2017RG000560.
Cont. #: 4757
Scannell, H., and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Seasonal mixed layer temperature balance in the southeastern tropical Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 123(8), 5557-5570, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014099, View online.
Cont. #: 4723
Timmermann, A., S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, A. Capotondi, K. Cobb, M. Lengaigne, M.J. McPhaden, M. Stuecker, K. Stein, A. Wittenberg, K.-S. Yun, T. Bayr, H.-C. Chen, Y. Chikamoto, B. Dewitte, D. Dommenget, P. Grothe, E. Guilyardi, Y.-G. Ham, M. Hayashi, S. Ineson, D. Kang, S. Kim, W. Kim, J.-Y. Lee, T. Li, J.-J. Luo, S. McGregor, Y. Planton, S. Power, H. Rashid, H. Ren, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, A. Todd, G. Wang, G. Wang, R. Xie, W.-H. Yang, S.-W. Yeh, J. Yoon, E. Zeller, and X. Zhang (2018): El Niño/Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559(535–545), doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6, Available online.
Cont. #: 4735
Yeh, S.-W., W. Cai, S.-K. Min, M.J. McPhaden, D. Dommenget, B. Dewitte, M. Collins, K. Ashok, S.-I. An, B.-Y. Yim, and J.-S. Kug (2018): ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Rev. Geophys., 56, 185–206, doi: 10.1002/2017RG000568.
Cont. #: 4775
Zhang, Y., M. Feng, Y. Du, H.E. Philips, N.L. Bindoff, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Strengthened Indonesian Throughflow drives decadal warming in the Southern Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(12), 6167–6175, doi: 10.1029/2018GL078265, View online.
Fiscal Year 2017
Cont. #: 4591
Chen, G., W. Han, Y. Li, M.J. McPhaden, J. Chen, W. Wang, and D. Wang (2017): Strong intraseasonal variability of meridional currents near 5°N in the eastern Indian Ocean: Characteristics and causes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 47(5), 979–998, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0250.1.
Cont. #: 4434
Cuypers, Y., P. Bouruet-Aubertot, J. Vialard, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Focusing of internal tides by near-inertial waves. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(5), 2398–2406, doi: 10.1002/2017GL072625.
Cont. #: 4431
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Interhemispheric SST gradient trends in the Indian Ocean prior to and during the recent global warming hiatus. J. Climate, 29(24), 9077–9095, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0130.1.
Cont. #: 4536
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): The role of external forcing and internal variability in regulating global mean surface temperatures on decadal timescales. Environ. Res. Lett., 12(3), 034011, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa5dd8.
Cont. #: 4479
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Why has the relationship between Indian and Pacific Ocean decadal variability changed in recent decades? J. Climate, 30(6), 1971–1983, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0313.1.
Cont. #: 4411
Guan, C., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Ocean processes affecting the twenty-first century shift in ENSO SST variability. J. Climate, 29(19), 6861–6879, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0870.1.
Cont. #: 4590
Hood, R.R., E.R. Urban, M.J. McPhaden, D. Su, and E. Raes (2016): The 2nd International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2): Motivating new research and capacity development in a poorly understood basin. Limnol. Oceanogr. Bull., 25(4), 117–124, doi: 10.1002/lob.10149.
Cont. #: 4577
Levine, A.F.Z., M.J. McPhaden, and D.M.W. Frierson (2017): The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(8), 3877–3886, doi: 10.1002/2017GL072524.
Cont. #: 4512
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Symmetry of the Atlantic Niño mode. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(2), 965–973, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071829.
Cont. #: 4615
McGregor, S., A. Sen Gupta, D. Dommenget, T. Lee, M.J. McPhaden, and W.S. Kessler (2017): Factors influencing the skill of synthesized satellite wind products in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 122(2), 1072–1089, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012340.
Cont. #: 4514
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Zonal propagation of near surface zonal currents in relation to surface wind forcing in the equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46(12), 3623–3638, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0157.1.
Cont. #: 4427
Wang, G., W. Cai, B. Gan, A. Santoso, X. Lin, Z. Chen, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Continued increase of extreme El Niño frequency long after 1.5 °C warming stabilization. Nature Clim. Change, 7, 568–572, doi: 10.1038/nclimate3351.
Cont. #: 4581
Wang, Y., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Seasonal cycle of cross-equatorial flow in the central Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 122(5), 3817–3827, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012537.
Fiscal Year 2016
Cont. #: 4310
Amaya, D.J., S.-P. Xie, A.J. Miller, and M.J. McPhaden (2015): Seasonality of tropical Pacific decadal trends associated with the 21st century global warming hiatus. J. Geophys. Res., 120(10), 6782–6798, doi: 10.1002/2015JC010906.
Cont. #: 4422
Guilyardi, E., A. Wittenberg, M. Balmaseda, W. Cai, M. Collins, M.J. McPhaden, M. Watanabe, and S.-W. Yeh (2016): Fourth CLIVAR Workshop on the Evaluation of ENSO Processes in Climate Models: ENSO in a changing climate (Meeting summary). Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 97(5), 817–820, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00287.1.
Cont. #: 3658
Hood, R.R., E.R. Urban, M.J. McPhaden, and N. D'Adamo (2015): Status and plans for the 2nd International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2). CLIVAR Exchanges, 68–19(3), 21–25.
Cont. #: 4264
Legler, D.M., H.J. Freeland, R. Lumpkin, G. Ball, M.J. McPhaden, S. North, R. Cowley, G.J. Goni, U. Send, and M.A. Merrifield (2015): The current status of the real-time in situ Global Ocean Observing System for operational oceanography. J. Oper. Oceanogr., 8(Suppl. 2), S189–S200, doi: 10.1080/1755876X.2015.1049883.
Cont. #: 4426
Levine, A.F.Z., F.-F. Jin, and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Extreme noise–extreme El Niño: How state-dependent noise forcing creates El Niño-La Niña asymmetry. J. Climate, 29(15), 5483–5499, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0091.1.
Cont. #: 4444
Levine, A.F.Z., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): How the July 2014 easterly wind burst gave the 2015-6 El Niño a head start. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(12), 6503–6510, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069204.
Cont. #: 4196
McPhaden, M.J., A. Timmermann, M.J. Widlansky, M.A. Balmaseda, and T.N. Stockdale (2015): The curious case of the El Niño that never happened: A perspective from 40 years of progress in climate research and forecasting. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 96, 1647–1665, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00089.1.
Cont. #: 4328
Santoso, A., W. Cai, M. Collins, M. McPhaden, F.-F. Jin, E. Guilyardi, G. Vecchi, D. Dommenget, and G. Wang (2015): [Meeting Summary] ENSO extremes and diversity: Dynamics, teleconnections, and impacts. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 96, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 4–6 February 2015, 1969–1972, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00141.1.
Cont. #: 4435
Sutton, A.J., C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, W.-J. Cai, M.F. Cronin, M.J. McPhaden, J.M. Morell, J.A. Newton, J.-H. Noh, S.R. Ólafsdóttir, J.E. Salisbury, U. Send, D. Vandemark, and R.A. Weller (2016): Using present-day observations to detect when anthropogenic change forces surface ocean carbonate chemistry outside preindustrial bounds. Biogeosciences, 13(17), 5065–5083, doi: 10.5194/bg-13-5065-2016.
Cont. #: 4418
Wenegrat, J.O., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): A simple analytical model of the diurnal Ekman layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46(9), 2877–2894, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0031.1.
Cont. #: 4384
Wenegrat, J.O., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Wind, waves, and fronts: Frictional effects in a generalized Ekman model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46(2), 371–394, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0162.1.
Fiscal Year 2015
Cont. #: 4308
Cai, W., A. Santoso, G. Wang, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, K.M. Cobb, M. Collins, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, J.-S. Kug, M. Lengaigne, M.J. McPhaden, K. Takahashi, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, M. Watanabe, and L. Wu (2015): ENSO and greenhouse warming. Nature Clim. Change, 5, 849–859, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2743.
Cont. #: 4259
Cai, W., G. Wang, A. Santoso, M.J. McPhaden, L. Wu, F.-F. Jin, A. Timmermann, M. Collins, G. Vecchi, M. Lengaigne, M.H. England, D. Dommenget, K. Takahashi, and E. Guilyardi (2015): Increasing frequency of extreme La Niña events induced by greenhouse warming. Nature Clim. Change, 5, 132–137, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2492.
Cont. #: 4292
Chen, G., W. Han, Y. Li, D. Wang, and M.J. McPhaden (2015): Seasonal-to-interannual time-scale dynamics of the equatorial undercurrent in the Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45(6), 1532–1553, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-14-0225.1.
Cont. #: 4186
Han, W., J. Vialard, M.J. McPhaden, T. Lee, Y. Masumoto, M. Feng, and W.P.M. de Ruijter (2014): Indian Ocean decadal variability: A review. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 95, 1679–1703, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00028.1.
Cont. #: 4156
Lee, T., G. Lagerloef, H.-Y. Kao, M.J. McPhaden, J. Willis, and M.M. Gierach (2014): The influence of salinity on tropical Atlantic instability waves. J. Geophys. Res., 119(12), 8375–8394, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010100.
Cont. #: 4311
Levine, A.F.Z., and M.J. McPhaden (2015): The annual cycle in ENSO growth rate as a cause of the spring predictability barrier. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(12), 5034–5041, doi: 10.1002/2015GL064309.
Cont. #: 4140
Lübbecke, J.F., N.J. Burls, C.J.C. Reason, and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Variability in the South Atlantic Anticyclone and the Atlantic Niño mode. J. Climate, 27, 8135–8150, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00202.1.
Cont. #: 4335
McPhaden, M.J. (2015): Playing hide and seek with El Niño. Nature Clim. Change, 5, 791–795, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2775.
Cont. #: 4304
McPhaden, M.J., Y. Wang, and M. Ravichandran (2015): Volume transport of the Wyrtki jets and their relationship to the Indian Ocean dipole. J. Geophys. Res., 120(8), 5302–5317, doi: 10.1002/2015JC010901.
Cont. #: 4211
Nyadjro, E.S., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Variability of zonal currents in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean on seasonal to interannual time scales. J. Geophys. Res., 119(11), 7969–7986, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010380.
Cont. #: 4108
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, G.R. Foltz, M.J. McPhaden, S. Pous, and C. de Boyer Montégut (2014): Processes of interannual mixed layer temperature variability in the thermocline ridge of the Indian Ocean. Climate Dynam., 43(9–10), 2377–2397, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2059-y.
Cont. #: 4022
Servain, J., G. Caniaux, Y.K. Kouadio, M.J. McPhaden, and M. Araújo (2014): Recent climatic trends in the tropical Atlantic: A role for ocean dynamics? Climate Dynam., 43(11), 3071–3089, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2168-7.
Cont. #: 4113
Strutton, P.G., V.J. Coles, R.R. Hood, R.J. Matear, M.J. McPhaden, and H.E. Phillips (2015): Biogeochemical variability in the central equatorial Indian Ocean during the monsoon transition. Biogeosciences, 12(8), 2367–2382, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-2367-2015.
Cont. #: 4307
Wang, Y., M.J. McPhaden, P. Freitag, and C. Fey (2015): Moored Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler time series in the central equatorial Indian Ocean. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-146, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 30 pp, doi: 10.7289/V5HX19NP, Published online.
Cont. #: 4169
Wen, C., A. Kumar, Y. Xue, and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Changes in tropical Pacific thermocline depth and their relationship to ENSO after 1999. J. Climate, 27(19), 7230–7249, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00518.1.
Cont. #: 4244
Wenegrat, J.O., and M.J. McPhaden (2015): Dynamics of the surface layer diurnal cycle in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean (0°N, 23°W). J. Geophys. Res., 120(1), 563–581, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010504.
Cont. #: 4212
Zhang, D., M.J. McPhaden, and T. Lee (2014): Observed interannual variability of zonal currents in the equatorial Indian Ocean thermocline and their relation to Indian Ocean dipole. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(22), 7933–7941, doi: 10.1002/2014GL061449.
Fiscal Year 2014
Cont. #: 4049
Cai, W., S. Borlace, M. Lengaigne, P. van Rensch, M. Collins, G. Vecchi, A. Timmermann, A. Santoso, M.J. McPhaden, L. Wu, M.H. England, G. Wang, E. Guilyardi, and F.-F. Jin (2014): Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, 4, 111–116, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2100.
Cont. #: 4157
Cronin, M.F., M. Bourassa, C.A Clayson, J. Edson, C. Fairall, R.A. Feely, D.E. Harrison, S. Josey, M. Kubota, B. Praveen Kumar, K. Kutsuwada, B. Large, J.T. Mathis, M.J. McPhaden, L. O’Neill, R. Pinker, K. Takahashi, H. Tomita, R.A. Weller, L. Yu, and C. Zhang (2014): TPOS White Paper #11: Wind stress and air-sea fluxes observations: status, implementation and gaps. In Proceedings of the Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Workshop, A Future Sustained Tropical Pacific Ocean Observing System for Research and Forecasting, WMO and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, La Jolla, CA, 27–30 January 2014. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 4053
England, M.H., S. McGregor, P. Spence, G.A. Meehl, A. Timmermann, W. Cai, A.S. Gupta, and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus. Nature Clim. Change, 4, 222–227, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2106.
Cont. #: 4242
Hood, R.R., M.J. McPhaden, and E. Urban (2014): New Indian Ocean program builds on a scientific legacy. Eos. Trans. AGU, 95(39), 349–350, doi: 10.1002/2014EO390001.
Cont. #: 4040
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Assessing the 21st century shift in ENSO variability in terms of the Bjerknes stability index. J. Climate, 27(7), 2577–2587, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00438.1.
Cont. #: 3951
McPhaden, M.J., and M. Nagura (2014): Indian Ocean Dipole interpreted in terms of recharge oscillator theory. Climate Dynam., 42(5-6), 1569-1586, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1765-1.
Cont. #: 4115
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Zonal momentum budget along the equator in the Indian Ocean from a high-resolution ocean general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 119(7), 4444–4461, doi: 10.1002/2014JC009895.
Cont. #: 4050
Rodrigues, R.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Why did the 2011–2012 La Niña cause a severe drought in the Brazilian Northeast? Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(3), 1012–1018, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058703.
Cont. #: 3977
Santoso, A., S. McGregor, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, M.H. England, S.-I. An, M.J. McPhaden, and E. Guilyardi (2013): Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Niño propagation asymmetry and future projections. Nature, 504, 126–130, doi: 10.1038/nature12683.
Cont. #: 4019
Sutton, A.J., R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, M.J. McPhaden, T. Takahashi, F.P. Chavez, G.E. Friederich, and J.T. Mathis (2014): Natural variability and anthropogenic change in equatorial Pacific surface ocean pCO2 and pH. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28(2), 131–145, doi: 10.1002/2013GB004679.
Cont. #: 4020
Wenegrat, J., M.J. McPhaden, and R.-C. Lien (2014): Wind stress and near-surface shear in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(4), 1226–1231, doi: 10.1002/2013GL059149.
Fiscal Year 2013
Cont. #: 3776
Bingham, F.M., G.R. Foltz, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Characteristics of the seasonal cycle of surface layer salinity in the global ocean. Ocean Science, 8, 915–929, doi: 10.5194/os-8-915-2012.
Cont. #: 3603
Brandt, P., M. Araujo, B. Bourlès, P. Chang, M. Dengler, W.E. Johns, A. Lazar, C.F. Lumpkin, M.J. McPhaden, P. Nobre, and L. Terray (2013): Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment (TACE). CLIVAR Exchanges, 61–18(1), 26–31.
Cont. #: 3804
Cuypers, Y., X. Le Vaillant, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, J. Vialard, and M.J. McPhaden (2013): Tropical storm-induced near-inertial internal waves during the Cirene experiment: Energy fluxes and impact on vertical mixing. J. Geophys. Res., 118(1), 358–380, doi: 10.1029/2012JC007881.
Cont. #: 3952
Feng, M., M.J. McPhaden, S.-P. Xie, and J. Hafner (2013): La Niña forces unprecedented Leeuwin Current warming in 2011. Nature Sci. Repts., 3, 1277, doi: 10.1038/srep01277.
Cont. #: 3874
Foltz, G.R., A.T. Evan, H.P. Freitag, S. Brown, and M.J. McPhaden (2013): Dust accumulation biases in PIRATA shortwave radiation records. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 30(7), 1414–1432, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00169.1.
Cont. #: 3935
Girishkumar, M.S., M. Ravichandran, and M.J. McPhaden (2013): Temperature inversions and their influence on the mixed layer heat budget during the winters of 2006–2007 and 2007–2008 in the Bay of Bengal. J. Geophys. Res., 118(5), 2426–2437, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20192.
Cont. #: 3947
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2013): A comparative stability analysis of Atlantic and Pacific Niño modes. J. Climate, 26(16), 5965–5980, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00758.1.
Cont. #: 3622
Maneesha, K., V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, T. Lee, W. Yu, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Upper ocean variability in the Bay of Bengal during the tropical cyclones Nargis and Laila. Prog. Oceanogr., 106, 49–61, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2012.06.006.
Cont. #: 3967
McGregor, S., N. Ramesh, P. Spence, M.H. England, M.J. McPhaden, and A. Santoso (2013): Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(4), 749–754, doi: 10.1002/grl.50136.
Cont. #: 4007
McPhaden, M.J., and G.R. Foltz (2013): Intraseasonal variations in the surface layer heat balance of the central equatorial Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(11), 2737–2741, doi: 10.1002/grl.50536.
Cont. #: 3970
Moum, J.N., A. Perlin, J.D. Nash, and M.J. McPhaden (2013): Seasonal sea surface cooling in the equatorial Pacific cold tongue controlled by ocean mixing. Nature, 500, 64–67, doi: 10.1038/nature12363.
Cont. #: 3783
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, M.J. McPhaden, M.F. Cronin, F. Pinsard, and K. Gopala Reddy (2013): TropFlux wind stresses over the tropical oceans: Evaluation and comparison with other products. Climate Dynam., 40(7–8), 2049–2071, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1455-4.
Fiscal Year 2012
Cont. #: 3830
Cai, W., M. Lengaigne, S. Borlace, M. Collins, T. Cowan, M.J. McPhaden, A. Timmermann, S. Power, J. Brown, C. Menkes, A. Ngari, E. Vincent, and M. Widlansky (2012): More extreme swings of the South Pacific convergence zone due to greenhouse warming. Nature, 488, 365–369, doi: 10.1038/nature11358.
Cont. #: 3673
Foltz, G.R., M.J. McPhaden, and R. Lumpkin (2012): A strong Atlantic Meridional Mode event in 2009: The role of mixed layer dynamics. J. Climate, 25, 363–380, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00150.1.
Cont. #: 3789
Gierach, M.M., T. Lee, D. Turk, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Biological response to the 1997-98 and 2009-10 El Niño events in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(10), L10602, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051103.
Cont. #: 3814
Gnanaseelan, C., A. Deshpande, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Impact of Indian Ocean Dipole and El Niño/Southern Oscillation forcing on the Wyrtki jets. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C08005, doi: 10.1029/2012JC007918.
Cont. #: 3751
Lübbecke, J., and M.J. McPhaden (2012): On the inconsistent relationship between Pacific and Atlantic Niños. J. Climate, 25(12), 4294–4303, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00553.1.
Cont. #: 3788
McPhaden, M.J. (2012): A 21st century shift in the relationship between ENSO SST anomalies and upper ocean heat content. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(9), L09706, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051826.
Cont. #: 3807
Morrissey, M.L., H.J. Diamond, M.J. McPhaden, H.P. Freitag, and J.S. Greene (2012): An investigation of the consistency of TAO/TRITON buoy-mounted capacitance rain gauges. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 29(6), 834–845, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00171.1.
Cont. #: 3599
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2012): The dynamics of wind-driven intraseasonal variability in the equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 117(C2), C02001, doi: 10.1029/2011JC007405.
Cont. #: 3820
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, M.J. McPhaden, M.F. Cronin, and K.G. Reddy (2012): Evaluation of air-sea heat and momentum fluxes for the tropical oceans and introduction of TropFlux. CLIVAR Exchanges, 58–17(1), 21–24.
Cont. #: 3628
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): TropFlux: Air-sea fluxes for the global tropical oceans – Description and evaluation. Climate Dynam., 38(7–8), 1521–1543, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1115-0.
Cont. #: 3713
Turk, D., C.S. Meinen, D. Antoine, M.J. McPhaden, and M.R. Lewis (2011): Implications of changing El Niño patterns for biological dynamics in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L23603, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049674.
Cont. #: 3774
Wu, L., W. Cai, L. Zhang, H. Nakamura, A. Timmermann, T. Joyce, M. McPhaden, M. Alexander, B. Qiu, M. Visbeck, P. Chang, and B. Giese (2012): Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents. Nature Climate Change, 2(3), 161–166, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1353.
Cont. #: 3816
Yu, W., M.J. McPhaden, C. Ning, H. Wang, Y. Liu, and H.P. Freitag (2012): Bailong Buoy: A new Chinese contribution to RAMA. CLIVAR Exchanges, 58-17(1), 25–28.
Fiscal Year 2011
Cont. #: 3549
Balmaseda, M.A., Y. Fujii, O. Alves, T. Lee, M. Rienecker, T. Rosati, D. Stammer, Y. Xue, H. Freeland, M.J. McPhaden, L. Goddard, and C. Coelho (2010): Role of the Ocean Observing System in an end-to-end seasonal forecasting system. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.03, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3606
Chang, Y.-T., T.Y. Tang, S.-Y. Chao, M.-H. Chang, D.S. Ko, Y.J. Yang, W.-D. Liang, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Mooring observations and numerical modeling of thermal structures in the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C10022, 19 pp, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006293.
Cont. #: 3558
Delcroix, T., G. Alory, S. Cravatte, T. Corrége, and M. McPhaden (2011): A gridded data set of sea surface salinity for the tropical Pacific with sample applications (1950–2008). Deep-Sea Res. I, 58, 38–48, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.11.002.
Cont. #: 3613
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Abrupt equatorial wave-induced cooling of the Atlantic cold tongue in 2009. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24605, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045522.
Cont. #: 3612
Girishkumar, M.S., M. Ravichandran, M.J. McPhaden, and R.R. Rao (2011): Intraseasonal variability in barrier layer thickness in the south central Bay of Bengal. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C03009, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006657.
Cont. #: 3439
Gulev, S.K., S.A. Josey, M. Bourassa, L.-A. Breivik, M.F. Cronin, C. Fairall, S. Gille, E.C. Kent, C.M. Lee, M.J. McPhaden, P.M.S. Monteiro, U. Schuster, S.R. Smith, K.E. Trenberth, D. Wallace, and S.D. Woodruff (2010): Surface energy, CO2 fluxes and sea ice. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.19, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3645
Iskandar, I., and M. McPhaden (2011): Dynamics of wind-forced intraseasonal zonal current variations in the equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06019, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006864.
Cont. #: 3611
Lampitt, R.S., P. Favali, C.R. Barnes, M.J. Church, M.F. Cronin, K.L. Hill, Y. Kaneda, D.M. Karl, A.H. Knap, M.J. McPhaden, K.A. Nittis, I.G. Priede, J.-F. Rolin, U. Send, C.-C. Teng, T.W. Trull, and D.W.R. Wallace (2010): In situ sustained Eulerian observatories. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.27, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3692
Masumoto, Y., W. Yu, G. Meyers, N. D'Adamo, L. Beal, W.P.M. de Ruijter, M. Dyoulgerov, J. Hermes, T. Lee, J.R.E. Lutjeharms, J.P. McCreary, Jr., M.J. McPhaden, V.S.N. Murty, D. Obura, C.B. Pattiaratchi, M. Ravichandran, C. Reason, F. Syamsudin, G. Vecchi, J. Vialard, and L. Yu (2010): Observing systems in the Indian Ocean. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.60, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3472
McPhaden, M.J., K. Ando, B. Bourlès, H.P. Freitag, R. Lumpkin, Y. Masumoto, V.S.N. Murty, P. Nobre, M. Ravichandran, J. Vialard, D. Vousden, and W. Yu (2010): The global tropical moored buoy array. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.61, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3732
McPhaden, M.J., T. Lee, and D. McClurg (2011): El Niño and its relationship to changing background conditions in the tropical Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15709, doi: 10.1029/2011GL048275.
Cont. #: 3556
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Dynamics of zonal current variations associated with the Indian Ocean dipole. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C11026, 12 pp, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006423.
Cont. #: 3163
Radenac, M.-H., P.E. Plimpton, A. Lebourges-Dhaussy, L. Commien, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Impact of environmental forcing on the acoustic backscattering strength in the equatorial Pacific: diurnal, lunar, intraseasonal, and interannual variability. Deep-Sea Res. I, 57(10), 1314-1328, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.06.004.
Cont. #: 3479
Rienecker, M.M., T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, B. Barnier, D. Behringer, M. Bell, M. Bourassa, P. Brasseur, J. Carton, J. Cummings, L.-A. Breivik, E. Dombrowsky, C. Fairall, N. Ferry, G. Forget, H. Freeland, S.M. Griffies, K. Haines, D.E. Harrison, P. Heimbach, M. Kamachi, E. Kent, T. Lee, P.-Y. Le Traon, M. McPhaden, M.J. Martin, P. Oke, M.D. Palmer, E. Remy, T. Rosati, A. Schiller, D.M. Smith, D. Snowden, D. Stammer, K.E. Trenberth, and Y. Xue (2010): Synthesis and assimilation systems—Essential adjuncts to the Global Ocean Observing System. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.31, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3686
Send, U., R. Weller, D. Wallace, F. Chavez, R. Lampitt, T.. Dickey, M. Honda, K. Nittis, R. Lukas, M. McPhaden, and R. Feely (2010): OceanSITES. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.79, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3322
Xue, Y., O. Alves, M.A. Balmaseda, N. Ferry, S. Good, I. Ishikawa, T. Lee, M.J. McPhaden, K.A. Peterson, and M. Rienecker (2010): Ocean state estimation for global ocean monitoring: ENSO and beyond ENSO. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.95, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3710
Yu, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2011): Ocean pre-conditioning for Cyclone Nargis in the Bay of Bengal: Interaction between Rossby waves, surface fresh waters, and sea surface temperatures. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41(9), 1741–1755, doi: 10.1175/2011JPO4437.1.
Cont. #: 3659
Zhang, D., R. Msadek, M.J. McPhaden, and T. Delworth (2011): Multidecadal variability of the North Brazil Current and its connection to the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C04012, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006812.
Fiscal Year 2010
Cont. #: 3553
Bingham, F.M., G.R. Foltz, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Seasonal cycles of surface layer salinity in the Pacific Ocean. Ocean Sci., 6(3), 775-787, doi: 10.5194/os-6-775-2010.
Cont. #: 3552
Feng, M., M.J. McPhaden, and T. Lee (2010): Decadal variability of the Pacific subtropical cells and their influence on the southeast Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L09606, doi: 10.1029/2010GL042796.
Cont. #: 3554
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Interaction between the Atlantic meridional and Niño modes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L18604, 5 pp, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044001.
Cont. #: 3443
Foltz, G.R., J. Vialard, B.P. Kumar, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Seasonal mixed layer heat balance of the southwestern tropical Indian Ocean. J. Climate, 23(4), 947–965, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3268.1.
Cont. #: 3568
Huang, B., Y. Xue, A. Kumar, D. Zhang, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): The NCEP GODAS ocean analysis of the tropical Pacific mixed layer heat budget on seasonal to interannual time scales. J. Climate, 23(18), 4901-4925, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3373.1.
Cont. #: 3555
Lee, T., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Increasing intensity of El Niño in the central-equatorial Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14603, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044007.
Cont. #: 3605
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, and D.L.T. Anderson (2010): A TOGA retrospective. Oceanography, 23(3), 86-103, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2010.26.
Cont. #: 3466
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Wyrtki Jet dynamics: Seasonal variability. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C07009, doi: 10.1029/2009JC005922.
Cont. #: 3517
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Surface layer heat balance in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean on interannual time scales: Influence of local versus remote wind forcing. J. Climate, 23(16), 4375-4394, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3469.1.
Fiscal Year 2009
Cont. #: 3196
Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. Zhang, M. McPhaden, and J. Leloup (2009): Observed freshening and warming of the western Pacific warm pool. Climate Dynam., 33(4), 565-589, doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7.
Cont. #: 3166
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Impact of Saharan dust on tropical North Atlantic SST. J. Climate, 21(19), 5048–5060, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2232.1.
Cont. #: 3236
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Trends in Saharan dust and tropical Atlantic climate during 1980–2006. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20706, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035042.
Cont. #: 3194
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2009): Impact of barrier layer thickness on SST in the central tropical North Atlantic. J. Climate, 22(2), 285–299, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2308.1.
Cont. #: 3274
McPhaden, M.J., G.R. Foltz, T. Lee, V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, G.A. Vecchi, J. Vialard, J.D. Wiggert, and L. Yu (2009): Ocean-atmosphere interactions during Cyclone Nargis. Eos Trans. AGU, 90(7), 53–55, doi: 10.1029/2009EO070001.
Cont. #: 3199
McPhaden, M.J., G. Meyers, K. Ando, Y. Masumoto, V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, F. Syamsudin, J. Vialard, L. Yu, and W. Yu (2009): RAMA: The research moored array for African-Asian-Australian monsoon analysis and prediction. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 90(4), 459–480, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2608.1.
Cont. #: 3324
McPhaden, M.J., and X. Zhang (2009): Asymmetry in zonal phase propagation of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L13703, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038774.
Cont. #: 3464
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): The dynamics of zonal current variations in the central equatorial Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35(23), L23603, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035961.
Cont. #: 3179
Vialard, J., J.P. Duvel, M. McPhaden, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, B. Ward, E. Key, D. Bourras, R. Weller, P. Minnett, A. Weill, C. Cassou, L. Eymard, T. Fristedt, C. Basdevant, Y. Dandonneau, O. Duteil, T. Izumo, C. de Boyer Montégut, S. Masson, F. Marsac, C. Menkes, and S. Kennan (2009): Cirene: Air-sea interactions in the Seychelles-Chagos thermocline ridge region. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 90(1), 45–61, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2499.1.
Cont. #: 3198
Vialard, J., G. Foltz, M.J. McPhaden, J.P. Duvel, and C. de Boyer Montégut (2008): Strong Indian Ocean sea surface temperature signals associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation in late 2007 and early 2008. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L19608, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035238.
Cont. #: 3120
Yoneyama, K., Y. Masumoto, Y. Kuroda, M. Katsumata, K. Mizuno, Y.N. Takayabu, M. Yoshizaki, A. Shareef, Y. Fujiyoshi, M.J. McPhaden, V.S.N. Murty, R. Shirooka, K. Yasunaga, H. Yamada, N. Sato, T. Ushiyama, Q. Moteki, A. Seiki, M. Fujita, K. Ando, H. Hase, I. Ueki, T. Horii, C. Yokoyama, and T. Miyakawa (2008): MISMO field experiment in the Equatorial Indian Ocean. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 89(12), 1889–1903, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2519.1.
Cont. #: 3086
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Eastern Equatorial Pacific forcing of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 21(22), 6070–6079, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2422.1.
Fiscal Year 2008
Cont. #: 3258
Bindoff, N.L., J. Willebrand, V. Artale, A. Cazenave, J.M. Gregory, S. Gulev, K. Hanawa, C. Le Quéré, S. Levitus, Y. Nojiri, C.K. Shum, L.D. Talley, A.S. Unnikrishnan, J. Antonov, N.R. Bates, T. Boyer, D. Chambers, B. Chao, J. Church, R. Curry, S. Emerson, R. Feely, H. Garcia, M. González-Davíla, N. Gruber, S. Josey, T. Joyce, K. Kim, B. King, A. Koertzinger, K. Lambeck, K. Laval, N. Lefevre, E. Leuliette, R. Marsh, C. Mauritzen, M. McPhaden, C. Millot, C. Milly, R. Molinari, R.S. Nerem, T. Ono, M. Pahlow, T.-H. Peng, A. Proshutinsky, B. Qiu, D. Quadfasel, S. Rahmstorf, S. Rintoul, M. Rixen, P. Rizzoli, C. Sabine, D. Sahagian, F. Schott, Y. Song, D. Stammer, T. Suga, C. Sweeney, M. Tamisiea, M. Tsimplis, R. Wanninkhof, J. Willis, A.P.S. Wong, P. Woodworth, I. Yashayaev, and I. Yasuda (2007): Chapter 5—Observations: Oceanic climate change and sea level. In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Solomon S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H.L. Miller (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, U.S.A., 385–428.
Cont. #: 3124
Bourlès, B., R. Lumpkin, M.J. McPhaden, F. Hernandez, P. Nobre, E. Campos, L. Yu, S. Planton, A.J. Busalacchi, A.D. Moura, J. Servain, and J. Trotte (2008): The PIRATA Program: History, accomplishments, and future directions. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 89(8), 1111–1125, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2462.1.
Cont. #: 3110
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Seasonal mixed layer salinity balance of the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C02013, doi: 10.1029/2007JC004178.
Cont. #: 3121
Lee, T., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Decadal phase change in large-scale sea level and winds in the Indo-Pacific region at the end of the 20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L01605, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032419.
Cont. #: 3119
McPhaden, M.J. (2008): Evolution of the 2006–2007 El Niño: The role of intraseasonal to interannual time scale dynamics. Adv. Geophys., 14, 219–230, doi: 10.5194/adgeo-14-219-2008.
Cont. #: 3080
McPhaden, M.J., M.F. Cronin, and D.C. McClurg (2008): Meridional structure of the seasonally varying mixed layer temperature balance in the eastern tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 21(13), 3240–3260, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI2115.1.
Fiscal Year 2007
Cont. #: 2848
Cheng, W., M.J. McPhaden, D. Zhang, and E.J. Metzger (2007): Recent changes in the Pacific subtropical cells inferred from an eddy-resolving ocean circulation model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(5), 1340–1356, doi: 10.1175/JPO3051.1.
Cont. #: 2970
Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M.J. McPhaden (2007): Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03012, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003801.
Cont. #: 2914
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2006): The role of oceanic heat advection in the evolution of tropical North and South Atlantic SST anomalies. J. Climate, 19(23), 6122–6138, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3961.1.
Cont. #: 2983
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Unusually warm sea surface temperatures in the tropical North Atlantic during 2005. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19703, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027394.
Cont. #: 2916
McPhaden, M.J. (2007): El Niño and La Niña: Physical mechanisms and climate impacts. In The Impact of Environmental Variability on Ecological Systems, D.A. Vasseur and K.S. McCann (eds.), Springer, New York, 1–16.
Cont. #: 3046
McPhaden, M.J., Y. Kuroda, and V.S.N. Murty (2007): Development of an Indian Ocean moored buoy array for climate studies. CLIVAR Exchanges, 11(4), International CLIVAR Office, Southampton, UK, 3–5.
Cont. #: 2969
McPhaden, M.J., S.E. Zebiak, and M.H. Glantz (2006): ENSO as an integrating concept in earth science. Science, 314(5806), 1740–1745, doi: 10.1126/science.1132588.
Cont. #: 2904
Zhang, D., and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Decadal variability of the shallow Pacific meridional overturning circulation: Relation to tropical sea surface temperatures in observations and climate change models. Ocean Model., 15(3–4), 250–273, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2005.12.005.
Fiscal Year 2006
Cont. #: 2991
Behrenfeld, M.J., K. Worthington, R.M. Sherrell, F.P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D.M. Shea (2006): Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics. Nature, 442(7106), 1025–1028, doi: 10.1038/nature05083.
Cont. #: 2947
Bell, G.D., M.S. Halpert, and M.J. McPhaden (2006): The Tropics: El Niño–Southern Oscillation, in State of the Climate in 2005. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 87(6), S30–S33, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-87-6-shein.
Cont. #: 2754
Bennett, A.F., B.S. Chua, H.-E. Ngodock, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Generalized inversion of the Gent-Cane model of the tropical Pacific with Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) data. J. Mar. Res., 64(1), 1–42, doi: 10.1357/002224006776412313.
Cont. #: 2869
Cronin, M.F., C. Fairall, and M.J. McPhaden (2006): An assessment of buoy-derived and numerical weather prediction surface heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 111(C6), C06038, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003324.
Cont. #: 2796
Feely, R.A., T. Takahashi, R. Wanninkhof, M.J. McPhaden, C.E. Cosca, S.C. Sutherland, and M.-E. Carr (2006): Decadal variability of the air-sea CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 111(C08), C08S90, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003129.
Cont. #: 2780
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2005): Mixed layer heat balance on intraseasonal time scales in the northwestern tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Climate, 18(20), 4168–4184, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3531.1.
Cont. #: 2974
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, M.F. Cronin, C.L. Sabine, D.C. McClurg, and P.D. McLain (2006): PMEL Contributions to the OceanSITES Program. In Oceans 2006: Revolutionizing Marine Science and Technology, MTS/IEEE, Boston, MA, 18–21 September 2006.
Cont. #: 2915
Maes, C., K. Ando, T. Delcroix, W.S. Kessler, M.J. McPhaden, and D. Roemmich (2006): Observed correlation of surface salinity, temperature and barrier layer at the eastern edge of the western Pacific warm pool. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06601, 4 pp, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024772.
Cont. #: 2955
McPhaden, M.J. (2006): An Indian Ocean moored buoy array for climate. In Annual Report on The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2005, J.M. Levy (ed.), NOAA/Climate Program Office/Office of Climate Observation, 130–133.
Cont. #: 2840
McPhaden, M.J. (2006): El Niño and Ocean Observations: A personal history. Chapter 6 in Physical Oceanography, Developments Since 1950, M. Jochum and R. Murtugudde (eds.), Springer, New York, 79–99.
Cont. #: 2954
McPhaden, M.J. (2006): Equatorial Pacific Ocean variability (El Niño). In Annual Report on The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2005, J.M. Levy (ed.), NOAA/Climate Program Office/Office of Climate Observation, 85–87.
Cont. #: 2956
McPhaden, M.J. (2006): Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic. In Annual Report on The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2005, J.M. Levy (ed.), NOAA/Climate Program Office/Office of Climate Observation, 133–135.
Cont. #: 2950
McPhaden, M.J., X. Zhang, H.H. Hendon, and M.C. Wheeler (2006): Large scale dynamics and MJO forcing of ENSO variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L16702, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026786.
Cont. #: 2957
Molinari, R.L., R. Lumpkin, C. Schmid, and M.J. McPhaden (2006): NOAA's PIRATA northeast extension. In Annual Report on The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2005, J.M. Levy (ed.), NOAA/Climate Program Office/Office of Climate Observation, 136–137.
Cont. #: 2849
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Wind stress variations and interannual sea surface temperature anomalies in the eastern equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 19(2), 226–241, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3618.1.
Fiscal Year 2005
Cont. #: 2734
Capotondi, A., M.A. Alexander, C. Deser, and M.J. McPhaden (2005): Anatomy and decadal evolution of the Pacific subtropical-tropical cells (STCs). J. Climate, 18(18), 3739–3758, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3496.1.
Cont. #: 2698
Delcroix, T., M.J. McPhaden, A. Dessier, and Y. Gouriou (2005): Time and space scales for sea surface temperature in the tropical oceans. Deep-Sea Res. Part I, 52(5), 787–813, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2004.11.012.
Cont. #: 2817
Freitag, H.P., T.A. Sawatzky, K.B. Ronnholm, and M.J. McPhaden (2005): Calibration procedures and instrumental accuracy estimates of next generation ATLAS water temperature and pressure measurements. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-128, NTIS: PB2008-101764, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 22 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 2695
Grodsky, S., J. Carton, C. Provost, J. Servain, J.A. Lorenzzetti, and M.J. McPhaden (2005): Tropical instability waves at 0°N, 23°W in the Atlantic: A case study using Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA) mooring data. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C8), C08010, doi: 10.1029/2005JC002941.
Cont. #: 2841
Levinson (ed.), D.H., P. Ambenje, O. Baddour, G.I. Belchansky, G.D. Bell, M. Chelliah, M.S. Halpert, K. Mo, W.M. Thiaw, M.A. Bell, S.J. Camargo, E.K. Grover-Kopec, E. Blake, R. Pasch, J.E. Box, O.N. Bulygina, N.N. Korshunova, V. Razuvaev, J.C. Christy, E.R. Cook, M.C. Váquez, B.C. Douglas, D.C. Douglas, S.D. Drobot, C.M. Eakin, C. Woodhouse, R.A. Feely, M.J. McPhaden, M.A. Fortune, B. Garanganga, K.L. Gleason, J.H. Lawrence, D.H. Levinson, M.J. Menne, R.W. Reynolds, S.E. Stephens, A.M. Waple, S. Goldenberg, C. Landsea, J. Kennedy, C. Kocot, D. Phillips, R. Whitewood, K.R. Kumar, W. Landman, N. Maximenko, L. Miller, P. Niiler, L. Talley, A.K. Njogu, F. Rahimzadeh, M. Rajeevan, J. Richter-Menge, E. Rignot, I.G. Rigor, D.A. Robinson, M. Rusticucci, M.J. Salinger, R.C. Schnell, R.S. Stone, D. Stanitski, A. Taghipour, R. Wanninkhof, A.B. Watkins, B. Trewin, P. Zhai, and X. Zou (2005): State of the climate in 2004. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86(6), S1–S86, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-86-6-Levinson.
Cont. #: 2825
McPhaden, M.J. (2005): An Indian Ocean moored buoy array for climate. In The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2004, NOAA/OGP/Office of Climate Observation, Section 3.22a, 197–200.
Cont. #: 2818
McPhaden, M.J. (2005): Evolution of the 2004 El Niño. In The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2004, NOAA/OGP/Office of Climate Observation, Section 2.4, 39–41.
Cont. #: 2826
McPhaden, M.J. (2005): Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). In The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2004, NOAA/OGP/Office of Climate Observation, Section 3.23a, 201–203.
Fiscal Year 2004
Cont. #: 2697
Cai, W., M.J. McPhaden, and M.A. Collier (2004): Multidecadal fluctuations in the relationship between equatorial Pacific heat content anomalies and ENSO amplitude. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L01201, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018714.
Cont. #: 2699
Foltz, G.R., S.A. Grodsky, J.A. Carton, and M.J. McPhaden (2004): Seasonal salt budget of the northwestern tropical Atlantic Ocean along 38°W. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C03052, doi: 10.1029/2003JC002111.
Cont. #: 2696
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2004): 30–70 day oscillations in the tropical Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L15205, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020023.
Cont. #: 2584
McPhaden, M.J. (2004): Evolution of the 2002/03 El Niño. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85(5), 677–695, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-85-5-677.
Cont. #: 2686
McPhaden, M.J., and D. Zhang (2004): Pacific Ocean circulation rebounds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L18301, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020727.
Cont. #: 2635
Plimpton, P.E., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (2004): Processing of subsurface ADCP data in the equatorial Pacific. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-125, NTIS: PB2004-105254, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 41 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 2725
Rajeevan, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2004): Tropical Pacific upper ocean heat content variations and Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L18203, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020631.
Cont. #: 2592
Serra, Y.L., and M.J. McPhaden (2004): In situ observations of diurnal variability in rainfall over the tropical Pacific and Atlantic oceans. J. Climate, 17(18), 3496–3509, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<3496:ISOODV>2.
Fiscal Year 2003
Cont. #: 2486
A'Hearn, P.N., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (2002): ATLAS module temperature bias due to solar heating. NOAA Tech. Memo OAR PMEL-121, NTIS: PB2003-101593, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 24 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 2213
Cosca, C.E., R.A. Feely, J. Boutin, J. Etcheto, M.J. McPhaden, F.P. Chavez, and P.G. Strutton (2003): Seasonal and interannual CO2 fluxes for the central and equatorial Pacific Ocean as determined from fCO2-SST relationships. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C8), 3278, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000677.
Cont. #: 2381
Cronin, M.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Barrier layer formation during westerly wind bursts. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8020, doi: 10.1029/2001JC001171.
Cont. #: 2501
Foltz, G.R., S.A. Grodsky, J.A. Carton, and M.J. McPhaden (2003): Seasonal mixed layer heat budget of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C5), 3146, doi: 10.1029/2002JC001584.
Cont. #: 2539
Freitag, P., M. McPhaden, C. Meinig, and P. Plimpton (2003): Mooring motion bias of point Doppler current meter measurements. In Proceedings of the IEES/OES Seventh Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology, San Diego, CA, 13–15 March 2003, 155–160. [PDF Version] [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2569
Lake, B.J., S.M. Noor, H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (2003): Calibration procedures and instrumental accuracy estimates of ATLAS air temperature and relative humidity measurements. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-123, NTIS: PB2003-104619, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 23 pp. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2177
Maes, C., M.J. McPhaden, and D. Behringer (2002): Signatures of salinity variability in tropical Pacific Ocean dynamic height anomalies. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8012, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000737.
Cont. #: 2548
McPhaden, M.J. (2003): Tropical Pacific Ocean heat content variations and ENSO persistence barriers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(9), 1480, doi: 10.1029/2003GL016872.
Cont. #: 2550
Payne, R.E., K. Huang, R.A. Weller, H.P. Freitag, M.F. Cronin, M.J. McPhaden, C. Meinig, Y. Kuroda, N. Ushijima, and R.M. Reynolds (2002): A comparison of buoy meteorological systems. WHOI Technical Report WHOI-2002-10, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, 67 pp.
Cont. #: 2471
Serra, Y.L., and M.J. McPhaden (2003): Multiple time- and space-scale comparisons of ATLAS buoy rain gauge measurements with TRMM satellite precipitation measurements. J. Appl. Meteorol., 42(8), 1045–1059, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2003)042<1045:MTASCO>2.
Cont. #: 2375
Thum, N., S.K. Esbensen, D.B. Chelton, and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Air-sea heat exchange along the Northern Sea surface temperature front in the eastern tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 15(23), 3361–3378, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3361:ASHEAT>2.
Cont. #: 2503
Zhang, D., M.J. McPhaden, and W.E. Johns (2003): Observational evidence for flow between the subtropical and tropical Atlantic: The Atlantic subtropical cells. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33(8), 1783–1797, doi: 10.1175/2408.1.
Fiscal Year 2002
Cont. #: 2442
Cronin, M.F., N. Bond, C. Fairall, J. Hare, M.J. McPhaden, and R.A. Weller (2002): Enhanced oceanic and atmospheric monitoring underway in Eastern Pacific. Eos Trans. AGU, 83(19), 205, 210–211, doi: 10.1029/2002EO000137.
Cont. #: 2376
Delcroix, T., and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Interannual sea surface salinity and temperature changes in the western Pacific warm pool during 1992–2000. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8002, doi: 10.1029/2001JC000862.
Cont. #: 2210
Feely, R.A., J. Boutin, C.E. Cosca, Y. Dandonneau, J. Etcheto, H.Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, C. Le Quere, D. Mackey, M. McPhaden, N. Metzl, A. Poisson, and R. Wanninkhof (2002): Seasonal and interannual variability of CO2 in the equatorial Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 49(13–14), 2443–2469, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00044-9.
Cont. #: 2277
Kutsuwada, K., and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Intraseasonal variations in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean prior to and during the 1997–98 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32(4), 1133–1149, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<1133:IVITUE>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2502
Lien, R.-C., E.A. D'Asaro, and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Internal waves and turbulence in the upper central equatorial Pacific: Lagrangian and Eulerian observations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32(9), 2619–2639, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485-32.9.2619.
Cont. #: 2241
McPhaden, M.J. (2002): El Niño and La Niña; Causes and global consequences. In Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Vol. 1, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK, 353–370.
Cont. #: 2505
McPhaden, M.J. (2002): El Niño, La Niña, and the climate swings of 1997–98. In La Niña and its Impacts, M. Glantz (ed.), United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan, 25–30.
Cont. #: 2433
McPhaden, M.J. (2002): Mixed layer temperature balance on intraseasonal timescales in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 15(18), 2632–2647, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2632:MLTBOI>2.
Cont. #: 2304
McPhaden, M.J., T. Delcroix, K. Hanawa, Y. Kuroda, G. Meyers, J. Picaut, and M. Swenson (2001): The El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Observing System. In Observing the Ocean in the 21st Century, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia, 231–246.
Cont. #: 2320
McPhaden, M.J., and D. Zhang (2002): Slowdown of the meridional overturning circulation in the upper Pacific Ocean. Nature, 415, 603–608, doi: 10.1038/415603a.
Cont. #: 2275
Medovaya, M., D.E. Waliser, R.A. Weller, and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Assessing ocean buoy shortwave observations using clear-sky model calculations. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C2), doi: 10.1029/2000JC000558.
Cont. #: 2236
Meinen, C.S., M.J. McPhaden, and G.C. Johnson (2001): Vertical velocities and transports in the equatorial Pacific during 1993–99. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(11), 3230–3248, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<3230:VVATIT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2302
Serra, Y.L., P. A'Hearn, H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (2001): ATLAS self-siphoning rain gauge error estimates. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 18(12), 1989–2002, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<1989:ASSRGE>2.
Fiscal Year 2001
Cont. #: 2178
Chelton, D.B., S.K. Esbensen, M.G. Schlax, N. Thum, M.H. Freilich, F.J. Wentz, C.L. Gentemann, M.J. McPhaden, and P.S. Schopf (2001): Observations of coupling between surface wind stress and sea surface temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 14(7), 1479–1498, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1479:OOCBSW>2.
Cont. #: 2137
Dickinson, S., K.A. Kelly, M.J. Caruso, and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Comparisons between TAO buoy and NASA scatterometer wind vectors. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 18(5), 799–806, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0799:CBTTBA>2.
Cont. #: 2339
Freitag, H.P., M. O'Haleck, G.C. Thomas, and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Calibration procedures and instrumental accuracies for ATLAS wind measurements. NOAA Tech. Memo OAR PMEL-119, NTIS: PB2001-107619, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 20 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 2138
Godfrey, J.S., G.C. Johnson, M.J. McPhaden, G. Reverdin, and S.E. Wijffels (2001): The Tropical Ocean Circulation. In Ocean Circulation and Climate, G. Siedler, J. Church, and W.J. Gould (eds.), Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 215–246.
Cont. #: 2181
Johnson, G.C., M.J. McPhaden, and E. Firing (2001): Equatorial Pacific Ocean horizontal velocity, divergence, and upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(3), 839–849, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<0839:EPOHVD>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2239
Kelly, K.A., S. Dickinson, M.J. McPhaden, and G.C. Johnson (2001): Ocean currents evident in satellite wind data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(12), 2469–2472, doi: 10.1029/2000GL012610.
Cont. #: 2119
Meinen, C.S., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Observations of warm water volume changes in the equatorial Pacific and their relationship to El Niño and La Niña. J. Climate, 13(20), 3551–3559, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3551:OOWWVC>2.
Cont. #: 2163
Meinen, C.S., and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Interannual variability in warm water volume transports in the equatorial Pacific during 1993–99. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(5), 1324–1345, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1324:IVIWWV>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2374
Nowlin, Jr., W.D., M. Briscoe, N. Smith, M.J. McPhaden, D. Roemmich, P. Chapman, and J.F. Grassle (2001): Evolution of a sustained ocean observing system. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 82(7), 1368–1376, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<1369:EOASOO>2.3.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2179
Nystuen, J.A., M.J. McPhaden, and H.P. Freitag (2000): Surface measurements of precipitation from an ocean mooring: The underwater acoustic log from the South China Sea. J. Appl. Meteorol., 39(12), 2182–2197, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2001)040<2182:SMOPFA>2.
Cont. #: 2278
Turk, D., M.J. McPhaden, A.J. Busalacchi, and M.R. Lewis (2001): Remotely sensed biological production in the equatorial Pacific. Science, 293, 471–474, doi: 10.1126/science.1056449.
Cont. #: 2176
Vialard, J., C. Menkes, J.-P. Boulanger, P. Delecluse, E. Guilyardi, M.J. McPhaden, and G. Madec (2001): A model study of oceanic mechanisms affecting equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature during the 1997–98 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(7), 1649–1675, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1649:AMSOOM>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2047
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): The surface-layer heat balance in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Part II: Interannual variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30(11), 2989–3008, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<2989:TSLHBI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2276
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Surface layer temperature balance in the equatorial Pacific during the 1997–98 El Niño and 1998–99 La Niña. J. Climate, 14(16), 3393–3407, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3393:SLTBIT>2.
Cont. #: 2105
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (2001): What is the mean seasonal cycle of surface heat flux in the equatorial Pacific? J. Geophys. Res., 106(C1), 837–857, doi: 10.1029/1999JC000076.
Fiscal Year 2000
Cont. #: 2111
Bennett, A.F., B.S. Chua, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Generalized inversion of Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific, II: The 1995–96 La Niña, and 1997–98 El Niño. J. Climate, 13(15), 2770–2785, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2770:GIOTAO>2.
Cont. #: 2095
Chavez, F.P., P.G. Strutton, G.E. Friederich, R.A. Feely, G. Feldman, D. Foley, and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Biological and chemical response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to the 1997–1998 El Niño. Science, 286(5447), 2126–2131, doi: 10.1126/science.286.5447.2126.
Cont. #: 2009
Cronin, M.F., and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Diurnal cycle of rainfall and sea surface salinity in the western Pacific warm pool. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(23), 3465–3468, doi: 10.1029/1999GL010504.
Cont. #: 1912
Cronin, M.F., M.J. McPhaden, and R.H. Weisberg (2000): Wind-forced reversing jets in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30(4), 657–676, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<0657:WFRJIT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2202
Davis, R.E., W.S. Kessler, R. Lukas, R.A. Weller, D.W. Behringer, D.R. Cayan, D.B. Chelton, C. Eriksen, S. Esbensen, R.A. Fine, I. Fukumori, M.C. Gregg, E. Harrison, G.C. Johnson, T. Lee, N.J. Mantua, J.P. McCreary, M.J. McPhaden, J.C. McWilliams, A.J. Miller, H. Mitsudera, P.P. Niiler, B. Qiu, D. Raymond, D. Roemmich, D.L. Rudnick, N. Schneider, P.S. Schopf, D. Stammer, L. Thompson, and W.B. White (2000): Implementing the Pacific Basin Extended Climate Study (PBECS). U.S. CLIVAR Office Report, Version 2000.2, U.S. CLIVAR Office, 123 pp.
Cont. #: 2250
Delcroix, T., C. Henin, M. Ioualalen, M. McPhaden, J. Picaut, K. Ando, and L. Gourdeau (2000): Monitoring and understanding sea surface salinity changes in the tropical Pacific during the 1992–99 ENSO period. In Proceedings of the International Conference on The Ocean Observing System for Climate, Poster Session A, Saint-Raphael, France, 18–22 October 1999, 4 pp.
Cont. #: 2187
Feely, R.A., F.P. Chavez, G. Friedrich, M.J. McPhaden, and R. Wanninkhof (2000): The effect of El Niño on variability of CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific. U.S. JGOFS News, 10(3), 1–4.
Cont. #: 2157
Freitag, H.P., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): TAO and PIRATA buoy networks in the tropical Pacific and Atlantic. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on IIPS for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, 9–14 January 2000, 225–226.
Cont. #: 2142
Freitag, H.P., N.N. Soreide, D.W. Denbo, and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Data and information management for the TAO and PIRATA moored buoy arrays. In Proceedings of the International Conference on The Ocean Observing System for Climate, Poster Session B, Saint-Raphael, France, 18–22 October 1999, 2 pp.
Cont. #: 1966
Johnson, G.C., and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Interior pycnocline flow from the subtropical to the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(12), 3073–3089, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<3073:IPFFTS>2.0.CO;2. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2093
Johnson, G.C., M.J. McPhaden, G.D. Rowe, and K.E. McTaggart (2000): Upper equatorial Pacific ocean current and salinity variability during the 1996–1998 El Niño–La Niña cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 105(C1), 1037–1053, doi: 10.1029/1999JC900280.
Cont. #: 2180
McPhaden, M.J. (2000): El Niño. In McGraw-Hill 2000 Yearbook of Science and Technology Encyclopedia, McGraw-Hill, New York, 131–135.
Cont. #: 2028
McPhaden, M.J. (2000): Monitoring the North Pacific for improved ocean, weather, and climate forecasts. In Proceedings of the International Symposium TRIANGLE '98, Kyoto, Japan, 29 September–2 October 1998, 8–9.
Cont. #: 2141
McPhaden, M.J., T. Delcroix, K. Hanawa, Y. Kuroda, G. Meyers, J. Picaut, and M. Swenson (2000): The ENSO observing system. In Proceedings of the International Conference on The Ocean Observing System for Climate, Session 2A, Saint-Raphael, France, 18–22 October 1999, 14 pp.
Cont. #: 2071
McPhaden, M.J., and X. Yu (1999): Equatorial waves and the 1997–98 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(19), 2961–2964, doi: 10.1029/1999GL004901.
Cont. #: 2104
Plimpton, P.E., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Correcting moored ADCP data for fish-bias errors at 0°, 110°W and 0°, 140°W from 1993 to 1995. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-117, NTIS: PB2000-106363, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 35 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1991
Zhang, C., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Intraseasonal surface cooling in the equatorial western Pacific. J. Climate, 13(13), 2261–2276, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2261:ISCITE>2.
Fiscal Year 1999
Cont. #: 1998
Chavez, F.P., P.G. Strutton, and M.J. McPhaden (1998): Biological-physical coupling in the central equatorial Pacific during the onset of the 1997–1998 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(19), 3543–3546, doi: 10.1029/98GL02729.
Cont. #: 1885
Cronin, M.F., and M.J. McPhaden (1998): Upper ocean salinity balance in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C12), 27,567–27,589, doi: 10.1029/98JC02605.
Cont. #: 1934
Fairall, C.W., P. Hacker, E.F. Bradley, S. Anderson, Y. du Penhoat, C. Eriksen, K.S. Gage, S. Kennan, M. LeMone, M. McPhaden, C. Ohlmann, D. Parsons, C. Paulson, R. Pinkel, S. Rutledge, A. Soloviev, R. Weller, E. Westwater, and E. Zipser (1999): The legacy of COARE for technology and ocean-atmosphere observing capability. In COARE98—Proceedings of a Conference on the TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment, WCRP-107, WMO/TD-No. 940, Boulder, CO, 7–14 July 1998, 116–138.
Cont. #: 2034
Freitag, H.P., M.E. McCarty, C. Nosse, R. Lukas, M.J. McPhaden, and M.F. Cronin (1999): COARE Seacat data: Calibrations and quality control procedures. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-115, NTIS: PB99-146144, NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 89 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 2057
McPhaden, M.J. (1999): El Niño: The child prodigy of 1997–98. Nature, 398(6728), 559–562, doi: 10.1038/19193.
Cont. #: 2029
McPhaden, M.J. (1999): Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño. Science, 283, 950–954, doi: 10.1126/science.283.5404.950. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2043
McPhaden, M.J. (1999): The 1997–98 El Niño. In The Twenty-Third Annual Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, NCEP, NOAA, Washington, DC, Miami, FL, 26–30 October 1999, 4–7.
Cont. #: 2006
McPhaden, M.J., and X. Yu (1999): Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño. In 2nd Hayes Symposium on Seasonal to Interannual Climate Variability—The 1997/1998 ENSO Cycle, AMS, Dallas, TX, 10–15 January 1999, 38–42.
Cont. #: 2031
McPhaden, M.J., and X. Yu (1999): Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño. In Proceedings of the International Symposium TRIANGLE '98, JAMSTEC (Yokosuka, Japan), Kyoto, Japan, 29 September–2 October 1998, 3–8.
Cont. #: 2033
Servain, J., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, A.D. Moura, G. Reverdin, M. Vianna, and S.E. Zebiak (1998): A pilot research moored array in the tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 79(10), 2019–2031, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<2019:APRMAI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1982
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, D.W. Denbo, and M.J. McPhaden (1998): Web access to realtime data from the TAO buoy network in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. In Ocean Community Conference '98, Marine Technology Society, Baltimore, MD, 16–19 November 1998, on CD.
Cont. #: 1935
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (1999): The surface-layer heat balance in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Part I: Mean seasonal cycle. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(8), 1812–1831, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<1812:TSLHBI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1969
Yu, X., and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Dynamical analysis of seasonal and interannual variability in the Equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(9), 2350–2369, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<2350:DAOSAI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1897
Yu, X., and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Seasonal variability in the equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(5), 925–947, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<0925:SVITEP>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 1998
Cont. #: 1697
Ando, K., and M.J. McPhaden (1997): Variability of surface layer hydrography in the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 102(C10), 23,063–23,078, doi: 10.1029/97JC01443.
Cont. #: 1860
Bennett, A.F., B.S. Chua, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (1998): Generalized inversion of tropical atmosphere-ocean data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 11(7), 1768–1792, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<1768:GIOTAO>2.
Cont. #: 1720
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, R. Cheney, J.-R. Donguy, K.S. Gage, D. Halpern, M. Ji, P. Julian, G. Meyers, G.T. Mitchum, P.P. Niiler, J. Picaut, R.W. Reynolds, N. Smith, and K. Takeuchi (1998): The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere observing system: A decade of progress. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C7), 14,169–14,240, doi: 10.1029/97JC02906. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1726
Plimpton, P.E., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (1997): ADCP velocity errors from pelagic fish schooling around equatorial moorings. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 14(5), 1212–1223, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1212:AVEFPF>2.
Fiscal Year 1997
Cont. #: 1891
Archer, D., J. Aiken, W. Balch, D. Barber, J. Dunne, P. Flament, W. Gardner, C. Garside, C. Goyet, E. Johnson, D. Kirchman, M. McPhaden, J. Newton, E. Peltzer, L. Welling, J. White, and J. Yoder (1997): A meeting place of great ocean currents: Shipboard observations of a convergent front at 2°N in the Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II, 44(9–10), 1827–1849, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(97)00031-3.
Cont. #: 1713
Cronin, M.F., and M.J. McPhaden (1997): The upper ocean heat balance in the western equatorial Pacific warm pool during September–December 1992. J. Geophys. Res., 102(C4), 8533–8553, doi: 10.1029/97JC00020. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1776
Esbensen, S.K., and M.J. McPhaden (1996): Enhancement of tropical ocean evaporation and sensible heat flux by atmospheric mesoscale systems. J. Climate, 9(10), 2307–2325, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2307:EOTOEA>2.
Cont. #: 1653
Kessler, W.S., M.C. Spillane, M.J. McPhaden, and D.E. Harrison (1996): Scales of variability in the equatorial Pacific inferred from the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) buoy array. J. Climate, 9(12), 2999–3024, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2999:SOVITE>2.
Cont. #: 1839
McCarty, M.E., L.J. Mangum, and M.J. McPhaden (1997): Temperature errors in TAO data induced by mooring motion. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-108, NTIS: PB97-146492, 68 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1792
McClurg, D.C., W.H. Zhu, S. Zube, N.N. Soreide, and M.J. McPhaden (1997): World Wide Web access to data from the TAO buoy network expanded to include sensor time series. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, 2–7 February 1997, 178–181.
Cont. #: 1778
Nowlin, Jr., W.D., N. Smith, G. Needler, P.K. Taylor, R. Weller, R. Schmitt, L. Merlivat, A. Vézina, A. Alexiou, M. McPhaden, and M. Wakatsuchi (1996): An ocean observing system for climate. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77(10), 2243–2273, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<2243:AOOSFC>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1824
Picaut, J., M. Ioualalen, C. Menkes, T. Delcroix, and M.J. McPhaden (1996): Mechanism of the zonal displacements of the Pacific warm pool: Implications for ENSO. Science, 274(5292), 1486–1489, doi: 10.1126/science.274.5292.1486.
Cont. #: 1882
Pinkel, R., M. Merrifield, M. McPhaden, J. Picaut, S. Rutledge, D. Siegel, and L. Washburn (1997): Solitary waves in the western Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24(13), 1603–1606, doi: 10.1029/97GL01610.
Cont. #: 1843
Plimpton, P.E., H.P. Freitag, M.J. McPhaden, and R.H. Weisberg (1997): Using echo intensity to correct moored ADCP data for fish-bias errors at 0°, 170°W. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-111, NTIS: PB97-201537, 163 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1758
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, M.J. McPhaden, D.W. Denbo, and M.W. Renton (1996): World Wide Web access to real-time and historical data from the TAO array of moored buoys in the tropical Pacific Ocean: Updates for 1996. In Proceedings of the Oceans 96 MTS/IEEE Conference, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 23–26 September 1996, 1354–1359.
Cont. #: 1765
Soreide, N.N., and M.J. McPhaden (1996): Real-time distribution of data from the TAO moored buoy array in the tropical Pacific. In Eco-Informa '96, Global Networks for Environmental Information, Lake Buena Vista, FL, 4–7 November 1996, 359–365.
Fiscal Year 1996
Cont. #: 1791
Freitag, H.P., L.J. Mangum, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array -- Update. Sea Technol., 36(10), 47–50.
Cont. #: 1777
Gourdeau, L., J. Picaut, M.-J. Langlade, A. Busalacchi, E. Hackert, M. McPhaden, P. Freitag, F. González, M. Eble, and R. Weller (1995): Data preparation for the open-ocean validation of TOPEX/POSEIDON sea level in the western equatorial Pacific. In Notes Techniques, No. 12, Sciences de la Mer, Oceanographie Physique, ORSTOM, 43 pp.
Cont. #: 1591
Katz, E.J., A. Busalacchi, M. Bushnell, F. González, L. Gourdeau, M. McPhaden, and J. Picaut (1995): A comparison of coincidental time series of the ocean surface height by satellite altimeter, mooring, and inverted echo sounder. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C12), 25,101–25,108, doi: 10.1029/95JC01959.
Cont. #: 1669
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Oceanic equatorial waves and the 1991–93 El Niño. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, WCRP-91, WMO/TD No. 717, December 1995, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 333–337.
Cont. #: 1670
Kessler, W.S., M.C. Spillane, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Scales of variability in the equatorial Pacific inferred from the TOGA-TAO buoy array. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, WCRP-91, WMO/TD No. 717, December 1995, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 210–214.
Cont. #: 1782
Koehn, M.P., L.J. Mangum, and M.J. McPhaden (editors) (1996): Proceedings of the Fourth Meeting of the TAO Implementation Panel, Fortaleza, Brazil, 12–14 September 1995, WCRP Informal Report 1/1996. Published on behalf of the directorates of The Global Climate Observing System, The Global Ocean Observing System, and The Climate Variability and Predictability Program by NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, 61 pp.
Cont. #: 1665
Lien, R.-C., M.J. McPhaden, and M.C. Gregg (1996): High-frequency internal waves at 0°, 140°W and their possible relationship to deep-cycle turbulence. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26(4), 581–600, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1996)026<0581:HFIWAA>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1667
McPhaden, M.J. (1995): Ocean-atmosphere variability observed from the TOGA-TAO Array. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 181–185.
Cont. #: 1547
McPhaden, M.J. (1996): Monthly period oscillations in the Pacific North Equatorial Countercurrent. J. Geophys. Res., 101(C3), 6337–6359, doi: 10.1029/95JC03620.
Cont. #: 1719
McPhaden, M.J., W. Wang, and C. Zhang (1995): On the relationship between sea surface temperature, pressure and zonal winds in the equatorial Pacific. In Proceedings, 20th Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C, University of Washington, Seattle, 23–27 October 1995, 97–100.
Cont. #: 1668
Picaut, J., J.-P. Boulanger, A.J. Busalacchi, T. Delcroix, L. Gourdeau, M.J. McPhaden, C. Menkes, and Y. Du Penhoat (1995): ENSO and altimetry. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 74–78.
Cont. #: 1658
Picaut, J.L., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, L. Gourdeau, F.I. González, and E.C. Hackert (1995): Open-ocean validation of TOPEX/POSEIDON sea level in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C12), 25,109–25,127, doi: 10.1029/95JC02128.
Cont. #: 1672
Soreide, N.N., W.H. Zhu, D.C. McClurg, M.J. McPhaden, D.W. Denbo, and M.W. Renton (1995): Access to real-time data from the TAO Array of moored buoys via Unix/X-Windows or the World Wide Web and Mosaic. In Proceedings of Oceans 95 MTS/IEEE Conference, Vol. 1, San Diego, CA, 9–12 October 1995, 360–365.
Cont. #: 1664
Zhang, G.J., V. Ramanathan, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Convection-evaporation feedback in the equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8(12), 3040–3051, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<3040:CEFITE>2.
Fiscal Year 1995
Cont. #: 1562
Bond, N.A., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): An indirect estimate of the diurnal cycle in upper ocean turbulent heat fluxes at the equator, 140°W. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C9), 18,369–18,378, doi: 10.1029/95JC01592.
Cont. #: 1564
Busalacchi, A.J., M.J. McPhaden, and J. Picaut (1994): Variability in equatorial Pacific sea surface topography during the verification phase of the TOPEX/Poseidon mission. J. Geophys. Res., 99(C12), 24,725–24,738, doi: 10.1029/94JC01638.
Cont. #: 1589
Freitag, H.P., Y. Feng, L.J. Mangum, M.J. McPhaden, J. Neander, and L.D. Stratton (1994): Calibration procedures and instrumental accuracy estimates of TAO temperature, relative humidity and radiation measurements. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-104, NTIS: PB95-174827, 32 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1567
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Oceanic equatorial waves and the 1991–93 El Niño. J. Climate, 8(7), 1757–1774, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1757:OEWATE>2.
Cont. #: 1566
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): The 1991–1993 El Niño in the central Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 42(2–3), 295–333, doi: 10.1016/0967-0645(95)00041-N.
Cont. #: 1565
Kessler, W.S., M.J. McPhaden, and K.M. Weickmann (1995): Forcing of intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C6), 10,613–10,631, doi: 10.1029/95JC00382. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1781
Koehn, M.P., L.J. Mangum, and M.J. McPhaden (eds.) (1995): Proceedings of the Third Meeting of the TOGA-TAO Implementation Panel. ITPO Publication No. 12, Published on behalf of the International TOGA Project Office by NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, Seoul, South Korea, 18–20 October 1994, 61 pp.
Cont. #: 1568
Lien, R.-C., M.J. McPhaden, and D. Hebert (1994): Intercomparison of ADCP measurements at 0°, 140°W. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 11(5), 1334–1349, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1994)011<1334:IOAMA>2.
Cont. #: 1541
Mangum, L.J., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): TOGA TAO array sampling schemes and sensor evaluations. In Proceedings, Oceans '94 OSATES, Parc de Penfeld, Brest, France, 13–16 September 1994, II-402–II-406.
Cont. #: 1663
McPhaden, M.J. (1995): The Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array is completed. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 76, 739–741.
Cont. #: 1666
McPhaden, M.J., W.S. Kessler, N.N. Soreide, and D.C. McClurg (1995): What is an El Niño? Mar. Weather Log, 39(2), 34–37.
Cont. #: 1671
McPhaden, M.J., L. Merlivat, G. Needler, W.D., Jr. Nowlin, R.W. Schmitt, N. Smith, P.K. Taylor, A.F. Vézina, M. Wakatsuchi, R. Weller, and A. Alexiou (1995): Scientific design for the common module of the Global Ocean Observing System and the Global Climate Observing System: An ocean observing system for climate. In Final Report of the Ocean Observing System Development Panel, Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 265 pp.
Cont. #: 1705
Picaut, J.L., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, E.J. Katz, L. Gourdeau, F.I. González, E.C. Hackert, and M. Bushnell (1995): Open-ocean validation of TOPEX/POSEIDON sea level in the western equatorial Pacific. Océanographie Physique No. 5, Centre ORSTOM de Nouméa, Conventions Sciences de la Mer, 76 pp.
Cont. #: 1586
Plimpton, P.E., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Correcting moored ADCP data for fish-bias errors at 0°, 110°W and 0°, 140°W from 1990 to 1993. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-107, NTIS: PB95-219366, 49 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1569
Reverdin, G., C. Frankignoul, E. Kestenare, and M.J. McPhaden (1994): Seasonal variability in the surface currents of the equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 99(C10), 20,323–20,344, doi: 10.1029/94JC01477.
Cont. #: 1584
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, D.W. Denbo, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): TAO display software for TOGA-TAO buoy data. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Interactive Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Dallas, TX, January 15–20, 1995, 322–326.
Cont. #: 1542
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, M.J. McPhaden, L.J. Mangum, and D.W. Denbo (1995): Distribution and display of TOGA-TAO buoy data. In Proceedings, Oceans '94 OSATES, Parc de Penfeld, Brest, France, 13–16 September 1994, I-444–I-448.
Cont. #: 1570
Zhang, G.J., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): The relationship between sea surface temperature and latent heat flux in the equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8(3), 589–605, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0589:TRBSST>2.
Fiscal Year 1994
Cont. #: 1438
Feely, R.A., R. Wanninkhof, C.E. Cosca, M.J. McPhaden, R.H. Byrne, F.J. Millero, F.P. Chavez, T. Clayton, D.M. Campbell, and P.P. Murphy (1994): The effect of tropical instability waves on CO2 species distributions along the equator in the eastern equatorial Pacific during the 1992 ENSO event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(4), 277–280, doi: 10.1029/93GL03212.
Cont. #: 1465
Freitag, H.P., P.E. Plimpton, and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Evaluation of an ADCP fish-bias rejection algorithm. In Oceans '93, Engineering in Harmony with the Ocean, Proceedings, Vol. II, Victoria, B.C., Canada, 18–21 October 1993, 394–397.
Cont. #: 1576
McPhaden, M.J. (1994): The eleven-year El Niño? Nature, 370, 326–327, doi: 10.1038/370326a0.
Cont. #: 1575
McPhaden, M.J. (ed.) (1994): Proceedings of the Second Workshop of the TOGA-TAO Implementation Panel. ITPO Publication, No. 10, Bali, Indonesia, 18–20 October 1993, 53 pp, published on behalf of the International TOGA Project Office by NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA.
Cont. #: 1523
Morrissey, M.L., W.F. Krajewski, and M.J. McPhaden (1994): Estimating rainfall in the tropics using the fractional time raining. J. Appl. Meteorol., 33(3), 387–393, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(1994)033<0387:ERITTU>2.
Cont. #: 1462
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, D.W. Denbo, and M.J. McPhaden (1993): The TAO workstation display software for real-time data from the TOGA-TAO array of moored buoys. In Oceans '93, Engineering in Harmony with the Ocean, Proceedings, Vol. III, Victoria, B.C., Canada, 18–21 October 1993, 340–343.
Cont. #: 1475
Soreide, N.N., D.C. McClurg, W.H. Zhu, D.W. Denbo, and M.J. McPhaden (1994): TAO software for real-time and historical TOGA-TAO data display and analysis. In 10th International Conference on Interactive Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Nashville, TN, 23–28 January 1994, 285–290.
Cont. #: 1449
Sprintall, J., and M.J. McPhaden (1994): Surface layer variations observed in multiyear time series measurements from the western equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 99(C1), 963–979, doi: 10.1029/93JC02809.
Cont. #: 1577
Thiele, O.W., D.A. Short, J.C. Gerlach, D.B. Wolff, M.J. McPhaden, and J.C. Wilkerson (1994): TOGA-COARE ocean precipitation morphology. In Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Climate Variations, 74th AMS Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN, 23–28 January 1994, 96–100.
Fiscal Year 1993
Cont. #: 1396
Delcroix, T., G. Eldin, M.J. McPhaden, and A. Morlière (1993): Effects of westerly wind bursts upon the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, February–April 1991. J. Geophys. Res., 98(C9), 16,379–16,386, doi: 10.1029/93JC01261.
Cont. #: 1369
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and P.E. Pullen (1992): Fish-induced bias in acoustic Doppler current profiler data. In Proceedings, Oceans '92, Mastering the Oceans Through Technology, Newport, RI, 26–29 October 1992, 712–717.
Cont. #: 1404
Hayes, S.P., and M.J. McPhaden (1992): Temporal sampling requirements for low frequency temperature variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-96, NTIS: PB93-136422, 17 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1397
Johnson, E.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Effects of a three-dimensional mean flow on intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 98(C6), 10,185–10,194, doi: 10.1029/93JC00759.
Cont. #: 1311
Johnson, E.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Structure of intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23(4), 608–625, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<0608:SOIKWI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1409
Kuroda, Y., K. Ando, K. Muneyama, and M.J. McPhaden (1992): Current structures in the western equatorial Pacific during JAPACS cruises. In Proceedings PROSEC '92 Conference, Vol. 1, Okinawa, Japan, 25–31 August 1992, 100–105.
Cont. #: 1334
Kuroda, Y., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Variability in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during Japanese Pacific climate study cruises in 1989 and 1990. J. Geophys. Res., 98(C3), 4747–4759, doi: 10.1029/92JC02684.
Cont. #: 1431
McCarty, M.E., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Mean seasonal cycles and interannual variations at 0°, 165°E during 1986–1992. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-98, NTIS: PB93-186195, 64 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1572
McPhaden, M.J. (1993): Stanley P. Hayes (1944–1992), in memoriam. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 74(8), 1396–1398.
Cont. #: 1401
McPhaden, M.J. (1993): TOGA-TAO and the 1991–92 El Niño–Southern Oscillation Event. Oceanography, 6(2), 36–44, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.1993.12.
Cont. #: 1371
McPhaden, M.J. (1993): Trade wind fetch related variations in Equatorial Undercurrent depth, speed, and transport. J. Geophys. Res., 98(C2), 2555–2559, doi: 10.1029/92JC02683.
Cont. #: 1204
McPhaden, M.J., and H. Peters (1992): Diurnal cycle of internal wave variability in the equatorial Pacific Ocean: Results from moored observations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 22(11), 1317–1329, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1992)022<1317:DCOIWV>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1573
McPhaden, M.J. (ed.) (1993): Proceedings of the First Workshop of the TOGA-TAO Implementation Panel. Tech. Rep., Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, East-West Center, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, 9–10 November 1992, 26 pp.
Cont. #: 1410
Moum, J.N., M.J. McPhaden, D. Hebert, H. Peters, C.A. Paulson, and D.R. Caldwell (1992): Internal waves, dynamic instabilities, and turbulence in the equatorial thermocline: An introduction to three papers in this issue. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 22(11), 1357–1359, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1992)022<1357:IWDIAT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1370
Pullen, P.E., M.J. McPhaden, H.P. Freitag, and J. Gast (1992): Surface wave induced skew errors in acoustic Doppler current profiler measurements from high shear regimes. In Proceedings, Oceans '92, Mastering the Oceans Through Technology, Newport, RI, 26–29 October 1992, 706–711.
Cont. #: 1430
Soreide, N.N., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): The TAO workstation display software for real-time data from the TOGA TAO array. In Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meterology and Oceanography, Hobart, Australia, 29 March–2 April 1993, 422–423.
Cont. #: 1574
Sprintall, J., and M.J. McPhaden (1993): Hydrodynamic regimes in the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography, Hobart, Australia, 29 March–2 April 1993, 390–391.
Fiscal Year 1992
Cont. #: 1338
McPhaden, M.J., F. Bahr, Y. du Penhoat, E. Firing, S.P. Hayes, P.P. Niiler, P.L. Richardson, and J.M. Toole (1992): The response of the western equatorial Pacific Ocean to westerly wind bursts during November 1989 to January 1990. J. Geophys. Res., 97(C9), 14,289–14,303, doi: 10.1029/92JC01197.
Cont. #: 1377
McPhaden, M.J., and M.E. McCarty (1992): Mean seasonal cycles and interannual variations at 0°, 110°W and 0°, 140° during 1980–1991. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-95, NTIS: PB93-114726, 118 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1343
McPhaden, M.J., and H.B. Milburn (1992): Moored precipitation measurements for TOGA. TOGA Notes, 7, 1–5.
Cont. #: 1571
Picaut, J., A.J. Busalacchi, T. Delcroix, and M.J. McPhaden (1992): Rigorous open-ocean validation of TOPEX/POSEIDON sea level in the western equatorial Pacific. In TOPEX/POSEIDON Joint Verification Plan, JPL 92-2, NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, V-14–V-16.
Cont. #: 1324
Yue, F., H.P. Freitag, M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Shepherd (1991): Wind, current and temperature data at 0°, 165°E: January 1986 to March 1991. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-36, NTIS: PB92-143080, 54 pp. [PDF Version]
Fiscal Year 1991
Cont. #: 1279
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, C.S. Coho, and A.J. Shepherd (1991): Equatorial wind, current and temperature data: 108°W to 140°W; April 1983 to October 1987. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-35, NTIS: PB92-119817, 116 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1160
Hayes, S.P., P. Chang, and M.J. McPhaden (1991): Variability of the sea surface temperature in the eastern equatorial Pacific during 1986–88. J. Geophys. Res., 96(C6), 10,553–10,566, doi: 10.1029/91JC00942. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1096
Hayes, S.P., L.J. Mangum, M. McPhaden, and J. Picaut (1990): Thermal structure variability along 165°E. In Air-Sea Interaction in Tropical Western Pacific, Proceedings of US-PRC International TOGA Symposium, China Ocean Press, Beijing, 1988, 101–111.
Cont. #: 1218
Hebert, D., J.N. Moum, C.A. Paulson, D.R. Caldwell, T.K. Chereskin, and M.J. McPhaden (1991): The role of the turbulent stress divergence in the equatorial Pacific zonal momentum balance. J. Geophys. Res., 96(C4), 7127–7136, doi: 10.1029/91JC00271.
Cont. #: 1173
McPhaden, M.J., D.V. Hansen, and P.L. Richardson (1991): A comparison of ship drift, drifting buoy, and current meter mooring velocities in the Pacific South Equatorial Current. J. Geophys. Res., 96(C1), 775–781, doi: 10.1029/90JC02136.
Cont. #: 1252
McPhaden, M.J., and S.P. Hayes (1990): Moored velocity, temperature and wind measurements in the equatorial Pacific Ocean: A review of scientific results, 1985–1990. In Proceedings of the International TOGA Scientific Conference, Report WCRP-43, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Honolulu, HI, 6–20 July 1990, 59–69.
Cont. #: 1166
McPhaden, M.J., and S.P. Hayes (1991): On the variability of winds, sea surface temperature, and surface layer heat content in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 96(Suppl.), 3331–3342, doi: 10.1029/90JC01726. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1099
McPhaden, M.J., S.P. Hayes, L.J. Mangum, and J.M. Toole (1990): Variability in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during the 1986–1987 El Niño/Southern Oscillation event. In Air-Sea Interaction in Tropical Western Pacific, Proceedings, US-PRC International TOGA Symposium, China Ocean Press, Beijing, 1988, 41–58.
Cont. #: 1264
McPhaden, M.J., H.B. Milburn, A.I. Nakamura, and A.J. Shepherd (1991): PROTEUS: Profile Telemetry of Upper Ocean Currents. Sea Technol., February 1991, 10–19.
Cont. #: 1181
McPhaden, M.J., and J. Picaut (1990): El Niño-Southern Oscillation displacements of the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. Science, 250, 1385–1388, doi: 10.1126/science.250.4986.1385.
Cont. #: 1280
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Shepherd, W.G. Large, and P.P. Niiler (1991): A TOGA array of drifting thermistor chains in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean: October 1989–January 1990. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-34, NTIS: PB91-224535, 171 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 1296
Shuzhen, P., Y. Huiling, J. Toole, B. Millard, M.J. McPhaden, and L.J. Mangum (1990): Comparison among autoregression models for forecasting El Niño events. In Air-Sea Interaction in Tropical Western Pacific, Proceedings, US-PRC International TOGA Symposium, China Ocean Press, Beijing, 1988, 59–66.
Cont. #: 1209
Springer, S.R., M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Busalacchi (1990): Oceanic heat content variability in the tropical Pacific during the 1982–1983 El Niño. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C12), 22,089–22,101, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC12p22089.
Cont. #: 1098
Taft, B.A., and M.J. McPhaden (1990): Diurnal cycle of sea-surface temperature in the western tropical Pacific. In Air-Sea Interaction in Tropical Western Pacific, Proceedings, US-PRC International TOGA Symposium, China Ocean Press, Beijing, 1988, 343–352.
Fiscal Year 1990
Cont. #: 1217
Bender, M., and M.J. McPhaden (1990): Anomalous nutrient distribution in the equatorial Pacific in April 1988: evidence for rapid biological uptake. Deep-Sea Res., 37(7), 1075–1084, doi: 10.1016/0198-0149(90)90051-V.
Cont. #: 1220
Busalacchi, A.J., M.J. McPhaden, J. Picaut, and S. Springer (1989): Uncertainties in tropical Pacific Ocean simulations: The seasonal and interannual sea level response to three analyses of the surface wind field. In Proceedings of the Western Pacific International Meeting and Workshop on TOGA COARE, ORSTOM, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 24–30 May 1989, 367–377.
Cont. #: 1170
Busalacchi, A.J., M.J. McPhaden, J. Picaut, and S.R. Springer (1990): Sensitivity of wind-driven tropical Pacific Ocean simulations on seasonal and interannual time scales. J. Mar. Syst., 1(1–2), 119–154, doi: 10.1016/0924-7963(90)90187-F.
Cont. #: 1051
Hayes, S.P., M.J. McPhaden, and J.M. Wallace (1989): The influence of sea-surface temperature on surface wind in the eastern equatorial Pacific: Weekly to monthly variability. J. Climate, 2(12), 1500–1506, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<1500:TIOSST>2.
Cont. #: 1142
Hayes, S.P., M.J. McPhaden, J.M. Wallace, and J. Picaut (1989): The influence of sea-surface temperature on surface wind in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. In Proceedings of the Western Pacific International Meeting and Workshop on TOGA COARE, ORSTOM, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 24–30 May 1989, 543–547.
Cont. #: 1045
Landsteiner, M.C., M.J. McPhaden, and J. Picaut (1990): On the sensitivity of Sverdrup transport estimates to the specification of wind stress forcing in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C2), 1681–1691, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC02p01681.
Cont. #: 1148
Latif, M., J. Biercamp, H. von Storch, M.J. McPhaden, and E. Kirk (1990): Simulation of ENSO related surface wind anomalies with an atmospheric GCM forced by observed SST. J. Climate, 3(5), 509–521, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1990)003<0509:SOERSW>2.
Cont. #: 1221
McPhaden, M.J. (1989): Moored equatorial current measurements in the Pacific Ocean. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Japanese Pacific Climate Study (JAPACS), Center for Institutes, Tsukuba City, Japan, 19–20 October 1989, 57-1 to 57-5.
Cont. #: 1167
McPhaden, M.J. (1989): On the relationship between winds and upper ocean temperature variability in the western equatorial Pacific. In Proceedings of the Western Pacific International Meeting and Workshop on TOGA COARE, ORSTOM, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 24–30 May 1989, 283–290.
Cont. #: 1133
McPhaden, M.J. (1990): Comment on "Rossby-gravity waves in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during the NORPAX Hawaii-to-Tahiti Shuttle Experiment" by S.M. Chiswell and R. Lukas. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C1), 805–806, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC01p00805.
Cont. #: 1143
McPhaden, M.J., H.P. Freitag, and A.J. Shepherd (1990): Moored salinity time series measurements at 0°, 140°W. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 7(4), 568–575, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1990)007<0568:MSTSMA>2.
Cont. #: 1120
McPhaden, M.J., and S.P. Hayes (1990): Variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during 1986–1988. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C8), 13,195–13,208, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC08p13195. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1084
McPhaden, M.J., S.P. Hayes, L.J. Mangum, and J.M. Toole (1990): Variability in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during the 1986–87 El Niño/Southern Oscillation event. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20(2), 190–208, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1990)020<0190:VITWEP>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1207
McPhaden, M.J., H.B. Milburn, A.I. Nakamura, and A.J. Shepherd (1990): PROTEUS—Profile Telemetry of Upper Ocean Currents. In MTS '90 Proceedings, Marine Technology Society, Washington, D.C., 26–28 September 1990, 353–357.
Cont. #: 1066
McPhaden, M.J., and P. Ripa (1990): Wave-mean flow interactions in the equatorial ocean. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 22, 167–205, doi: 10.1146/annurev.fl.22.010190.001123.
Cont. #: 1216
Picaut, J., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, and B. Camusat (1990): Validation of the geostrophic method for estimating zonal currents at the equator from Geosat altimeter data. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C3), 3015–3024, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC03p03015.
Cont. #: 1219
Picaut, J., B. Camusat, T. Delcroix, M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Busalacchi (1989): Surface equatorial flow anomalies in the Pacific Ocean during the 1986–87 ENSO using GEOSAT altimeter data. In Proceedings of the Western Pacific International Meeting and Workshop on TOGA COARE, ORSTOM, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 24–30 May 1989, 301–309.
Fiscal Year 1989
Cont. #: 1023
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Shepherd (1989): Comparison of equatorial winds as measured by cup and propeller anemometers. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 6(2), 327–332, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1989)006<0327:COEWAM>2.
Cont. #: 1171
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Shepherd (1989): Real-time surface currents from moored buoys. In 1989 North American Argos Users Conference and Exhibit, Service Argos Inc., San Diego, CA, Landover, MD, 15–17 May 1989, 85–100.
Cont. #: 941
Hayes, S.P., M.J. McPhaden, and A. Leetmaa (1989): Observational verification of a quasi real time simulation of the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 94(C2), 2147–2157, doi: 10.1029/JC094iC02p02147.
Cont. #: 983
McPhaden, M.J., and R.A. Fine (1988): A dynamical interpretation of the tritium maximum in the central equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 18(10), 1454–1457, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1988)018<1454:ADIOTT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1093
McPhaden, M.J., H.P. Freitag, S.P. Hayes, B.A. Taft, Z. Chen, and K. Wyrtki (1989): Reply (to Comment by Harrison and Giese). J. Geophys. Res., 94(C4), 5027–5028, doi: 10.1029/JC094iC04p05027.
Cont. #: 960
McPhaden, M.J., and B.A. Taft (1988): Dynamics of seasonal and intraseasonal variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 18(11), 1713–1732, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1988)018<1713:DOSAIV>2.0.CO;2. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1027
Picaut, J., S.P. Hayes, and M.J. McPhaden (1989): Use of the geostrophic approximation to estimate time-varying zonal currents at the equator. J. Geophys. Res., 94(C3), 3228–3236, doi: 10.1029/JC094iC03p03228.
Cont. #: 1076
Reynolds, R.W., K. Arpe, C. Gordon, S.P. Hayes, A. Leetmaa, and M.J. McPhaden (1989): A comparison of tropical Pacific surface wind analyses. J. Climate, 2(1), 105–111, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<0105:ACOTPS>2.
Cont. #: 1153
Rothstein, L.M., M.J. McPhaden, and J.A. Proehl (1988): Wind forced wave-mean flow interactions in the equatorial waveguide. Part I: The Kelvin Wave. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 18(10), 1435–1447, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1988)018<1435:WFWFII>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 1988
Cont. #: 1033
Freitag, H.P., and M.J. McPhaden (1988): EPOCS moored temperature, current and wind measurements: 0°, 140°W; May–June, 1987. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-23, NTIS: PB88-219415, 34 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 971
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, and J. Picaut (1988): Observations and wind-forced model simulations of the mean seasonal cycle in tropical Pacific sea surface topography. J. Geophys. Res., 93(C7), 8131–8146, doi: 10.1029/JC093iC07p08131.
Cont. #: 963
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, J. Picaut, and G. Raymond (1988): A model study of potential sampling errors due to data scatter around expendable bathythermograph transects in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 93(C7), 8119–8130, doi: 10.1029/JC093iC07p08119.
Cont. #: 977
McPhaden, M.J., H.P. Freitag, S.P. Hayes, B.A. Taft, Z. Chen, and K. Wyrtki (1988): The response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to a westerly wind burst in May 1986. J. Geophys. Res., 93(C9), 10,589–10,603, doi: 10.1029/JC093iC09p10589.
Fiscal Year 1987
Cont. #: 938
Freitag, H.P., M.J. McPhaden, and A.J. Shepherd (1987): Equatorial current and temperature data: 108°W to 110°W; October 1979 to November 1983. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-17, NTIS: PB87-204004, 104 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 954
McPhaden, M.J. (1986): The Equatorial Undercurrent: 100 years of discovery. Eos Trans. AGU, 67(40), 762–765, doi: 10.1029/EO067i040p00762.
Cont. #: 922
McPhaden, M.J., and A.E. Gill (1987): Topographic scattering of equatorial Kelvin waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17(1), 82–96, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<0082:TSOEKW>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 920
McPhaden, M.J., J.A. Proehl, and L.M. Rothstein (1987): On the structure of low-frequency equatorial waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17(9), 1555–1559, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<1555:OTSOLF>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 903
Proehl, J.A., M.J. McPhaden, and L.M. Rothstein (1986): A numerical approach to equatorial oceanic wave-mean flow interactions. In Advanced Physical Oceanographic Numerical Modelling, J.J. O'Brien (ed.), 111–126.
Fiscal Year 1986
Cont. #: 745
Kessler, W.S., B.A. Taft, and M.J. McPhaden (1985): An assessment of the XBT sampling network in the central Pacific. Univ. Corp. Atmos. Res., USTOGA 4, 62 pp.
Fiscal Year 1985
Cont. #: 708
McPhaden, M.J., and B.A. Taft (1985): Proceedings of the First International TOGA Workshop on Thermal Sampling. Univ. Corp. Atmos. Res., TOGA Tech. Rept. USTOGA 3, 53 pp.
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