National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2018

Mixed layer temperature budget for northward propagating summer monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO) in the central Bay of Bengal

Girishkumar, M.S., J. Joseph, V.P. Thangaprakash, V. Pottapinjara, and M.J. McPhaden

J. Geophys. Res., 122(11), 8841–8854, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013073 (2017)

Composite analyses of mixed layer temperature (MLT) budget terms from near-surface meteorological and oceanic observations in the central Bay of Bengal are utilized to evaluate the modulation of air-sea interactions and MLT processes in response to the summer monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO). For this purpose, we use moored buoy data at 15°N, 12°N, and 8°N along 90°E together with TropFlux meteorological parameters and the Ocean Surface Current Analyses Real-time (OSCAR) current product. Our analysis shows a strong cooling tendency in MLT with maximum amplitude in the central and northern BoB during the northward propagation of enhanced convective activity associated with the active phase of the MISO; conversely, warming occurs during the suppressed phase of the MISO. The surface mixed layer is generally heated during convectively inactive phases of the MISO primarily due to increased net surface heat flux into the ocean. During convectively active MISO phases, the surface mixed layer is cooled by the combined influence of net surface heat loss to the atmosphere and entrainment cooling at the base of mixed layer. The variability of net surface heat flux is primarily due to modulation of latent heat flux and shortwave radiation. Shortwave is mostly controlled by an enhancement or reduction of cloudiness during the active and inactive MISO phases and latent heat flux is mostly controlled by variations in air-sea humidity difference.

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