National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2022

Role of the eastern boundary-generated waves on the termination of positive Indian Ocean Dipole event

Iskandar, I., M. Nagura, and M.J. McPhaden

Geosci. Lett., 8, 35, doi: 10.1186/s40562-021-00205-8, View online (open access) (2021)

The termination of Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) events is examined in terms of equatorial wave dynamics. In situ and satellite observations combined with an output from a linear wave model are used in this study. Our emphasis is on the 1997 IOD event but our results apply to other positive IOD events as well. We find that the termination of anomalously cold sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern pole of the dipole is associated with a warming tendency caused by the net surface heat fluxes. However, net surface heat fluxes alone cannot explain the total change in the SST. We show that during the peak phase of an IOD event, the weakening of zonal heat advection caused by eastern boundary-generated Rossby waves combined with the reduction of vertical entrainment and diffusion creates favorable conditions for surface heat fluxes to warm the SST in the eastern basin.

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