National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2005

Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA)

McPhaden, M.J.

In The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2004, NOAA/OGP/Office of Climate Observation, Section 3.23a, 201–203 (2005)

This continuation proposal requests funds to maintain the Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA) as part of NOAA's effort to “Build a Sustained Ocean Observing System for Climate”. PIRATA is a joint effort between the U.S. (NOAA/PMEL), France (Institut de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération [IRD] and Meteo-France), and Brazil (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais [INPE] which is the Brazilian space agency and Diretoria de Hidrografia e Navegacao [DHN] which is the naval hydrographic service). PIRATA supports NOAA’s strategic plan goal to "Understand Climate Variability and Change to Enhance Society's Ability to Plan and Respond." It also underpins Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) research efforts on tropical Atlantic climate variability. Management of PIRATA is consistent with the "Ten Climate Monitoring Principles". Program oversight at the international level is through the PIRATA Scientific Steering Group and the CLIVAR/JCOMM Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP). A web site containing comprehensive information on the program can be found at

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