National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2014

New Indian Ocean program builds on a scientific legacy

Hood, R.R., M.J. McPhaden, and E. Urban

Eos. Trans. AGU, 95(39), 349–350, doi: 10.1002/2014EO390001 (2014)

Prior to the International Geophysical Year (1957–1958) and before the acceptance of ideas about continental drift and the emergence of the theory of plate tectonics, the Indian Ocean was viewed as one of the last great frontiers of Earth exploration. During this post–World War II era, many new technologies were emerging for sampling the ocean and atmosphere and for mapping deep-ocean topography. Yet fundamental descriptive work still remained to be done on oceanic and atmospheric circulation, marine geology, and biological and ecological variability in the Indian Ocean.

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