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1968 to Present
Abstract contains all words: AXIAL SEAMOUNT

Cont. #: 3984
Akerman, N.H., D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Huber (2013): Phylogenetic diversity and functional gene patterns of sulfur-oxidizing subseafloor Epsilonproteobacteria in diffuse hydrothermal vent fluids. Frontiers in Microbiology, 4, 185, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00185.
Cont. #: 4792
Baker, E.T., S.L. Walker, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., D.A. Butterfield, N.J. Buck, and J.A. Resing (2019): Post-eruption enhancement of hydrothermal activity: A 33-year, multi-eruption time series at Axial Seamount (Juan de Fuca Ridge). Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 20(2), 814−828, doi: 10.1029/2018GC007802, View online.
Cont. #: 1136
Cannon, G.A., and D.J. Pashinski (1990): Circulation near Axial Seamount. J. Geophys. Res., 95(B8), 12,823–12,828, doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12823.
Cont. #: 1179
Cannon, G.A., D.J. Pashinski, and M. Lemon (1991): Middepth flow near hydrothermal venting sites on the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 96(C7), 12,815–12,831, doi: 10.1029/91JC01023.
Cont. #: 4594
Caplan-Auerbach, J., R.P. Dziak, J. Haxel, D.R. Bohnenstiehl, and C. Garcia (2017): Explosive processes during the 2015 eruption of Axial Seamount, as recorded by seafloor hydrophones. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18(4), 1761–1774, doi: 10.1002/2016GC006734.
Cont. #: 3791
Caress, D.W., D.A. Clague, J.B. Paduan, J. Martin, B. Dreyer, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., A. Denny, and D.S. Kelley (2012): Repeat bathymetric surveys at 1-metre resolution of lava flows erupted at Axial Seamount in April 2011. Nature Geosci., 5(7), 483–488, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1496.
Cont. #: 2733
Chadwick, J., M. Perfit, I. Ridley, I. Jonasson, G. Kamenov, W. Chadwick, R. Embley, P. le Roux, and M. Smith (2005): Magmatic effects of the Cobb Hotspot on the Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 110(B3), B03101, doi: 10.1029/2003JB002767.
Cont. #: 4438
Chadwick, W., and S. Nooner (2015): Processed Bottom Pressure Recorder (BPR) data from uncabled instruments deployed at Axial Seamount on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (investigators William Chadwick and Scott Nooner). Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA), Marine Geoscience Data System, doi: 10.1594/IEDA/322282, Data product at
Cont. #: 3964
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., D.A. Clague, R.W. Embley, M.R. Perfit, D.A. Butterfield, D.W. Caress, J.B. Paduan, J.F. Martin, P. Sasnett, S.G. Merle, and A.M. Bobbitt (2013): The 1998 eruption of Axial Seamount: New insights on submarine lava flow emplacement from high-resolution mapping. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 14(10), 3939–3968, doi: 10.1002/ggge.20202.
Cont. #: 4667
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., and S.L. Nooner (2019): Processed Jason II ROV dive navigation at Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca spreading center, from Kilo Moana cruise KM1813. Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS), Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA), doi: 10.1594/IEDA/324776, View online.
Cont. #: 3782
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., S.L. Nooner, D.A. Butterfield, and M.D. Lilley (2012): Seafloor deformation and forecasts of the April 2011 eruption at Axial Seamount. Nature Geosci., 5(7), 474–477, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1464.
Cont. #: 4508
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., B.P. Paduan, D.A. Clague, B.M. Dreyer, S.G. Merle, A.M. Bobbitt, D.W. Caress, B.T. Philip, D.S. Kelley, and S.L. Nooner (2016): Voluminous eruption from a zoned magma body after an increase in supply rate at Axial Seamount. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(23), 12,063–12,070, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071327, Available online: Open access.
Cont. #: 2709
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., S.L. Nooner, M.A. Zumberge, R.W. Embley, and C.G. Fox (2006): Vertical deformation monitoring at Axial Seamount since its 1998 eruption using deep-sea pressure sensors. J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 150(1–3), 313–327, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.07.006.
Cont. #: 5321
Chadwick, Jr., W.W., W.S.D. Wilcock, S.L. Nooner, J.W. Beeson, A.M. Sawyer, and T.-K. Lau (2022): Geodetic monitoring at Axial Seamount since its 2015 eruption reveals a waning magma supply and tightly linked rates of deformation and seismicity. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 23(1), e2021GC010153, doi: 10.1029/2021GC010153, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 782
Chase, R.L., J.R. Delaney, J.L. Karsten, H.P. Johnson, S.K. Juniper, J.E. Lupton, S.D. Scott, V. Tunnicliffe, S.R. Hammond, and R.E. McDuff (1985): Hydrothermal vents on an axis seamount of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Canadian American Seamount Expedition. Nature, 313(5999), 212–214, doi: 10.1038/313212a0.
Cont. #: 3993
Clague, D.A., B.M. Dreyer, J.B. Paduan, J.F. Martin, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., D.W. Caress, R.A. Portner, T.P. Guilderson, M.L. McGann, H. Thomas, D.A. Butterfield, and R.W. Embley (2013): Geologic history of the summit of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 14(10), 4403–4443, doi: 10.1002/ggge.20240.
Cont. #: 4675
Clague, D.A., J.B. Paduan, D.W. Caress, W.W. Chadwick, M. Le Saout, B. Dreyer, and R. Portner (2017): High-resolution AUV mapping and targeted ROV observations of three historical lava flows at Axial Seamount. Oceanography, 30(4), 82–99, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2017.426.
Cont. #: 4777
Clague, D.A., J.B. Paduan, B.M. Dreyer, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., K.R. Rubin, M.R. Perfit, and A.T. Fundis (2018): Chemical variations in the 1998, 2011, and 2015 lava flows from Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Cooling during ascent, lateral transport, and flow. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 19(9), 2915–2933, doi: 10.1029/2018GC007708, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 3793
Dziak, R.P., J.H. Haxel, D.R. Bohnenstiehl, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., S.L. Nooner, M.J. Fowler, H. Matsumoto, and D.A.. Butterfield (2012): Seismic precursors and magma ascent before the April 2011 eruption at Axial Seamount. Nature Geosci., 5(7), 478–482, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1490.
Cont. #: 1139
Embley, R.W., K.M. Murphy, and C.G. Fox (1990): High-resolution studies of the summit of Axial Volcano. J. Geophys. Res., 95(B8), 12,785–12,812, doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12785.
Cont. #: 4852
Fine, I.V., R.E. Thomson, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., and C.G. Fox (2020): Toward a universal frequency of occurrence distribution for tsunamis: Statistical analysis of a 32‐year bottom pressure record at Axial Seamount. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47(10), e2020GL087372, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087372, View online.
Cont. #: 5182
Fortunato, C.S., D.A. Butterfield, B. Larson, N. Lawrence-Slavas, C.K. Algar, L. Zeigler Allen, J.F. Holden, G. Proskurowski, E. Reddington, L.C. Stewart, B.D. Topçuoglu, J.J. Vallino, and J.A. Huber (2021): Seafloor incubation experiment with deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluid reveals effect of pressure and lag time on autotrophic microbial communities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 87(9), e00078-21, doi: 10.1128/AEM.00078-21, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4629
Fortunato, C.S., B. Larson, D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Huber (2018): Spatially distinct, temporally stable microbial populations mediate biogeochemical cycling at and below the seafloor in hydrothermal vent fluids. Environ. Microbiol., 20, 769–784, doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14011.
Cont. #: 1129
Fox, C.G. (1990): Consequences of phase separation on the distribution of hydrothermal fluids at ASHES vent field, Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 95(B8), 12,923–12,926, doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12923.
Cont. #: 1111
Fox, C.G. (1990): Evidence of active ground deformation on the mid-ocean ridge: Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge, April–June 1988. J. Geophys. Res., 95(B8), 12,813–12,822, doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12813.
Cont. #: 1435
Fox, C.G. (1993): Five years of ground deformation monitoring on Axial Seamount using a bottom pressure recorder. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(17), 1859–1862, doi: 10.1029/93GL01216.
Cont. #: 924
Fox, C.G., K.M. Murphy, and R.W. Embley (1988): Automated display and statistical analysis of interpreted deep-sea bottom photographs. Mar. Geol., 78, 199–216, doi: 10.1016/0025-3227(88)90109-0.
Cont. #: 1005
Fox, C.G., and M. van Heeswijk (1988): Sea Beam backscatter analysis applied to the classification of deep-sea volcanic terrains. In Global Venting, Midwater, and Benthic Ecological Processes, National Undersea Research Program Report 88-4, M.P. De Luca and I. Babb (eds.), 71–79.
Cont. #: 5567
Fullerton, H., L. Smith, A. Enriquez, D. Butterfield, C.G. Wheat, and C.L. Moyer (2024): Seafloor incubation experiments at deep-sea hydrothermal vents reveal distinct biogeographic signatures of autotrophic communities. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 100(2), fiae001, doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiae001, View open access article at FEMS (external link).
Cont. #: 1706
Graham, D.W., P. Castillo, J.E. Lupton, and R. Batiza (1996): Correlated He and Sr isotope ratios in South Atlantic near-ridge seamounts and implications for mantle dynamics. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 144(3–4), 491–504, doi: 10.1016/S0012-821X(96)00172-0.
Cont. #: 5048
Grandy, J.J., B. Onat, V. Tunnicliffe, D.A. Butterfield, and J. Pawliszyn (2020): Unique solid phase microextraction sampler reveals distinctive biogeochemical profiles among various deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Sci. Rep., 10, 1360, doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-58418-4, View online.
Cont. #: 1140
Hammond, S.R. (1990): Relationships between lava types, seafloor morphology, and the occurrence of hydrothermal venting in the ASHES vent field of Axial Volcano. J. Geophys. Res., 95(B8), 12,875–12,893, doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12875.
Cont. #: 5407
Hu, S.K., A.R. Smith, R.E. Anderson, S.P. Sylva, M. Setzer, M. Steadmon, K.L. Frank, E.W. Chan, D.S.S. Lim, C.R. German, J.A. Breier, S.Q. Lang, D.A. Butterfield, C.S. Fortunato, J.S. Seewald, and J.A. Huber (2022): Globally-distributed microbial eukaryotes exhibit endemism at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Mol. Ecol., doi: 10.1111/mec.16745, View online at Wiley (external link).
Cont. #: 2797
Huber, J.A., D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross (2006): Diversity and distribution of subseafloor Thermococcales populations in diffuse hydrothermal vents at an active deep-sea volcano in the northeast Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 111, G04016, doi: 10.1029/2005JG000097.
Cont. #: 854
Jacobson, R.S., L.D. Bibee, R.W. Embley, and S.R. Hammond (1987): A microseismicity survey of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 77(1), 160–172.
Cont. #: 884
Karsten, J.L., S.R. Hammond, E.E. Davis, and R.G. Currie (1986): Detailed geomorphology and neotectonics of the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge: New results from Seabeam swath mapping. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 97(2), 213–221, doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(1986)97<213:DGANOT>2.0.
Cont. #: 2781
Lang, S.Q., D.A. Butterfield, M.D. Lilley, H.P. Johnson, and J.I. Hedges (2006): Dissolved organic carbon in ridge-axis and ridge-flank hydrothermal systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70(15), 3830–3842, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2006.04.031.
Cont. #: 2446
Lavelle, J.W., E.T. Baker, and G.A. Cannon (2003): Ocean currents at Axial Volcano, a northeastern Pacific seamount. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C2), doi: 10.1029/2002JC001305.
Cont. #: 1446
Lupton, J.E., D.W. Graham, J.R. Delaney, and H.P. Johnson (1993): Helium isotope variations in Juan de Fuca Ridge basalts. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(17), 1851–1854, doi: 10.1029/93GL01271.
Cont. #: 2745
Marcus, J., V. Tunnicliffe, and D.A. Butterfield (2009): Post-eruption succession of macrofaunal communities at diffuse flow hydrothermal vents on Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Northeast Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II, 56(19–20), 1586–1598, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.05.004.
Cont. #: 1633
Mofjeld, H.O., F.I. González, and M.C. Eble (1996): Subtidal bottom pressure observed at Axial Seamount in the northeastern continental margin of the Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 101(C7), 16,381–16,390, doi: 10.1029/96JC01451.
Cont. #: 1445
Mofjeld, H.O., F.I. González, M.C. Eble, and J.C. Newman (1995): Ocean tides in the continental margin off the Pacific Northwest Shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C6), 10,789–10,800, doi: 10.1029/95JC00687.
Cont. #: 3150
Nooner, S.L., and W.W. Chadwick, Jr. (2009): Volcanic inflation measured in the caldera of Axial Seamount: Implications for magma supply and future eruptions. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 10(2), Q02002, doi: 10.1029/2008GC002315.
Cont. #: 4509
Nooner, S.L., and W.W. Chadwick, Jr. (2016): Inflation-predictable behavior and co-eruption deformation at Axial Seamount. Science, 354(6318), 1399–1403, doi: 10.1126/science.aah4666.
Cont. #: 3237
Opatkiewicz, A.D., D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross (2009): Individual hydrothermal vents at Axial Seamount harbor distinct subseafloor microbial communities. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 70(3), 413–424, doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00747.x.
Cont. #: 1957
Perfit, M.R., and W.W. Chadwick, Jr. (1998): Magmatism at mid-ocean ridges: Constraints from volcanological and geochemical investigations. Geophysical Monograph 106, 59–115, doi: 10.1029/GM106p0059, In Faulting and Magmatism at Mid-Ocean Ridges, W.R. Buck, P. Delaney, J.A. Karson, and Y. Lagabrielle (eds.), AGU, Washington, D.C.
Cont. #: 3326
Schiffman, P., R. Zierenberg, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., D.A. Clague, and J. Lowenstern (2010): Contamination of basaltic lava by seawater: evidence found in a lava pillar from Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11(4), Q04004, doi: 10.1029/2009GC003009.
Cont. #: 4718
Spietz, R.L., D.A. Butterfield, N.J. Buck, B.I. Larson, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., S.L. Walker, D.S. Kelley, and R.M. Morris (2018): Deep-sea volcanic eruptions create unique chemical and biological linkages between the subsurface lithosphere and oceanic hydrosphere. Oceanography, 31(1), 128–135, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2018.120.
Cont. #: 4717
Stewart, L.C., C.K. Algar, C.S. Fortunato, B.I. Larson, J. Vallino, J.A. Huber, D.A. Butterfield, and J.F. Holden (2019): Fluid geochemistry, local hydrology, and metabolic activity define methanogen community size and composition in deep-sea hydrothermal vents. ISME J., 13, 1711–1721, doi: 10.1038/s41396-019-0382-3, View online.
Cont. #: 4493
Topçuoğlu, B.D., L.C. Stewart, H.G. Morison, D.A. Butterfield, J.A. Huber, and J.F. Holden (2016): Hydrogen limitation and syntrophic growth among natural assemblages of thermophilic methanogens at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Front. Microbiol., 7, 1240, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01240, Published online at Frontiers.
Cont. #: 4715
Wilcock, W.S.D., R.P. Dziak, M. Tolstoy, W.W. Chadwick, Jr., S.L. Nooner, D.R. Bohnenstiehl, J. Caplan-Auerbach, F. Waldhauser, A.F. Arnulf, C. Baillard, T.-K. Lau, J.H. Haxel, Y.J. Tan, C. Garcia, S. Levy, and M.E. Mann (2018): The recent volcanic history of Axial Seamount: Geophysical insights into past eruption dynamics with an eye toward enhanced observations of future eruptions. Oceanography, 31(1), 114–123, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2018.117.
Cont. #: 4522
Wilcock, W.S.D., M. Tolstoy, F. Waldhauser, C. Garcia, Y.J. Tan, D.R. Bohnenstiehl, J. Caplan-Auerback, R.P. Dziak, A.F. Arnulf, and M.E. Mann (2016): Seismic constraints on caldera dynamics from the 2015 Axial Seamount eruption. Science, 354(6318), 1395–1399, doi: 10.1126/science.aah5563.
Cont. #: 4762
Xu, G., W.W. Chadwick, Jr., W.S.D. Wilcock, K.G. Bemis, and J. Delaney (2018): Observation and modeling of hydrothermal response to the 2015 eruption at Axial Seamount, northeast Pacific. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 19(8), 2780–2797, doi: 10.1029/2018GC007607, View online.
Cont. #: 4580
Xu, G., and J.W. Lavelle (2017): Circulation, hydrography, and transport over the summit of Axial Seamount, a deep volcano in the northeast Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 122(7), 5404–5422, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012464.
Cont. #: 5190
Zakharov, D.O., R. Tanaka, D.A. Butterfield, and E. Nakamura (2021): A new insight into seawater-basalt exchange reactions based on combined δ18O – Δ′17O – 87Sr/86Sr values of hydrothermal fluids from the Axial Seamount volcano, Pacific Ocean. Front. Earth Sci., 9, doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.691699, View online (open access).
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