National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 1993

Five years of ground deformation monitoring on Axial Seamount using a bottom pressure recorder

Fox, C.G.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(17), 1859–1862, doi: 10.1029/93GL01216 (1993)

The results of five years of pressure measurements collected by a Bottom Pressure Recorder deployed within the summit caldera of Axial Seamount, on the central Juan de Fuca Ridge, are interpreted for monotonic offsets related to vertical seafloor movements. Results indicate five significant subsidence events during the observation period (3.7 years), or an average of 1.35 events per year. The displacements range from 3–10 cm with durations of 10–14 days. These results indicate an active volcanic system and can be viewed as positive evidence for future attempts at seafloor volcanic observatories and response to active events on oceanic ridge crests. Advanced instrumentation based on multiple sensors has been deployed at the site to reinforce the results of this pilot experiment.

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