National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce

Search Results:
1968 to Present
Sorted by year: Descending
Author contains: KESSLER

Fiscal Year 2023
Cont. #: 5336
Deppenmeier, A.-L., F.O. Bryan, W.S. Kessler, and L. Thompson (2022): Diabatic upwelling in the tropical Pacific: Seasonal and sub-seasonal variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 52(11), 2657–2668, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-21-0316.1, View online at AMS, open access (external link).
Fiscal Year 2021
Cont. #: 5154
Deppenmeier, A.-L., F.O. Bryan, W.S. Kessler, and L. Thompson (2021): Modulation of cross-isothermal velocities with ENSO in the tropical Pacific cold tongue. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 51(5), 1559–1574, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0217.1, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5219
Kessler, W.S., S. Cravatte, P.G. Strutton, A.J. Sutton, A. Kumar, Y. Takaya, H. Hendon, K. O'Brien, N. Smith, S.E. Wijffels, J. Sprintall, A.T. Wittenberg, K. Ando, K. Hill, W. Large, D. Legler, K. Tedesco, and S. Lucas (2021): Final Report of TPOS 2020. GOOS-268, TPOS 2020, 86 pp,
Cont. #: 5008
Masich, J., W.S. Kessler, M.F. Cronin, and K.R. Grissom (2021): Diurnal cycles of near-surface currents across the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 126(4), e2020JC016982, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016982, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5126
Wilson, S.T., A.N. Al-Haj, A. Bourbonnais, C. Frey, R.W. Fulweiler, J.D. Kessler, H.K. Marchant, J. Milucka, N.E. Ray, P. Suntharalingham, B.F. Thornton, R.C. Upstill-Goddard, T.S. Weber, D.L. Arévalo-Martínez, H.W. Bange, H.M. Benway, D. Bianchi, A.V. Borges, B.X. Chang, P.M. Crill, D.A. del Valle, L. Farías, S.B. Joye, A. Kock, J. Labidi, C.C. Manning, J.W. Pohlman, G. Rehder, K.J. Sparrow, P.D. Tortell, T. Treude, D.L. Valentine, B.B. Ward, S. Yang, and L.N. Yurganov (2020): Ideas and perspectives: A strategic assessment of methane and nitrous oxide measurements in the marine environment. Biogeosciences, 17, 5809–5828, doi: 10.5194/bg-17-5809-2020, View online.
Fiscal Year 2019
Cont. #: 4872
Kessler, W.S., H.G. Hristova, and R.E. Davis (2019): Equatorward western boundary transport from the South Pacific: Glider observations, dynamics and consequences. Prog. Oceanogr., 175, 208–225, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2019.04.005, View online.
Cont. #: 4911
Kessler, W.S., S.E. Wijffels, S. Cravatte, N. Smith, A. Kumar, Y. Takaya, Y. Fujii, H. Hendon, A. Sutton, P. Strutton, Y. Serra, B. Dewitte, C.A. Clayson, M.F. Cronin, J.T. Farrar, J. Sprintall, X. Song, K. O'Brien, K. Ando, K. Takahashi, L. Moreno, D. Roemmich, S. McGregor, A. Wittenberg, T. Lee, S.G. Penny, W. Large, S. de Szoeke, I. Ueki, L. O'Neill, E.R. Kursinski, F. Gasparin, W. Yu, D. Chen, Y. Xue, I. Montes, D. Legler, L. Upchurch, and S. Brunner (2019): Second Report of TPOS 2020. GOOS-234, TPOS 2020, View online at
Cont. #: 4869
Smith, N., W.S. Kessler, S. Cravatte, J. Sprintall, S. Wijffels, M.F. Cronin, A. Sutton, Y.L. Serra, B. Dewitte, P.G. Strutton, K.L. Hill, A. Sen Gupta, X. Lin, K. Takahashi, D. Chen, and S. Brunner (2019): Tropical Pacific Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 31, Oceanobs19: An Ocean of Opportunity, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00031, View online (open access).
Fiscal Year 2018
Cont. #: 4716
Gourdeau, L., J. Verron, A. Chaigneau, S. Cravatte, and W.S. Kessler (2017): Complementary use of glider data, altimetry, and model for exploring mesoscale eddies in the tropical Pacific Solomon Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 122(11), 9209–9229, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013116.
Cont. #: 4712
Kumar, V., A. Melet, B. Meyssignac, A. Ganachaud, W.S. Kessler, A. Singh, and J. Aucan (2018): Reconstruction of local sea levels at south west Pacific islands—A multiple linear regression approach (1988–2014). J. Geophys. Res., 123(2), 1502–1518, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013053.
Fiscal Year 2017
Cont. #: 4548
Cravatte, S., W.S. Kessler, N. Smith, S.E. Wijffels, K. Ando, M. Cronin, T. Farrar, E. Guilyardi, A. Kumar, T. Lee, D. Roemmich, Y. Serra, J. Sprintall, P. Strutton, A. Sutton, K. Takahashi, and A. Wittenberg (2016): First Report of TPOS 2020. GOOS-215, TPOS 2020, 200 pp, Available online at
Cont. #: 4474
Ganachaud, A., S. Cravatte, J. Sprintall, C. Germineaud, M. Alberty, C. Jeandel, G. Eldin, N. Metzl, S. Bonnet, M. Benavides, L.-E. Heimburger, J. Lefèvre, S. Michael, J. Resing, F. Quéroué, G. Sarthou, M. Rodier, H. Berthelot, F. Baurand, J. Grelet, T. Hasegawa, W. Kessler, M. Kilepak, F. Lacan, E. Privat, U. Send, P. Van Beek, M. Souhaut, and J.E. Sonke (2017): The Solomon Sea: Its circulation, chemistry, geochemistry and biology explored during two oceanographic cruises. Elementa, 5, 33, doi: 10.1525/elementa.221, Available online.
Cont. #: 4711
Lindstrom, E.J., A.Y. Shcherbina, L. Rainville, J.T. Farrar, L.R. Centurioni, S. Dong, E.A. D’Asaro, C. Eriksen, D.M. Fratantoni, B.A. Hodges, V. Hormann, W.S. Kessler, C.M. Lee, S.C. Riser, L. St. Laurent, and D.L. Volkov (2017): Autonomous multi-platform observations during the Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study. Oceanography, 30(2), 38–48, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2017.218.
Cont. #: 4615
McGregor, S., A. Sen Gupta, D. Dommenget, T. Lee, M.J. McPhaden, and W.S. Kessler (2017): Factors influencing the skill of synthesized satellite wind products in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 122(2), 1072–1089, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012340.
Cont. #: 4569
Srinivasan, K., J.C. McWilliams, L. Renault, H.G. Hristova, J. Molemaker, and W.S. Kessler (2017): Topographic and mixed-layer submesoscale currents in the near-surface southwestern Tropical Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 47(6), 1221–1242, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0216.1.
Fiscal Year 2016
Cont. #: 4301
Wood, S., I.B. Baums, C.B. Paris, A. Ridgwell, W.S. Kessler, and E.J. Hendy (2016): El Niño and coral larval dispersal across the eastern Pacific marine barrier. Nat. Commun., 7, 12571, doi: 10.1038/ncomms12571, Available online.
Fiscal Year 2015
Cont. #: 4175
Farrar, J.T., L. Rainville, A.J. Plueddemann, W.S. Kessler, C. Lee, B.A. Hodges, R.W. Schmitt, J.B. Edson, S.C. Riser, C.C. Eriksen, and D.M. Fratantoni (2015): Salinity and temperature balances at the SPURS central mooring during fall and winter. Oceanography, 28(1), 56–65, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.06.
Cont. #: 4081
Ganachaud, A., S. Cravatte, A. Melet, A. Schiller, N.J. Holbrook, B.M. Sloyan, M.J. Widlansky, M. Bowen, J. Verron, P. Wiles, K. Ridgway, P. Sutton, J. Sprintall, C. Steinberg, G. Brassington, W. Cai, R. Davis, F. Gasparin, L. Gourdeau, T. Hasegawa, W. Kessler, C. Maes, K. Takahashi, K.J. Richards, and U. Send (2014): The Southwest Pacific Ocean and Climate Experiment (SPICE). J. Geophys. Res., 119(11), 7660–7686, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009678.
Cont. #: 4207
Hu, D., L. Wu, W. Cai, A. Sen Gupta, A. Ganachaud, B. Qiu, A.L. Gordon, X. Lin, Z. Chen, S. Hu, G. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Sprintall, T. Qu, Y. Kashino, F. Wang, and W.S. Kessler (2015): Pacific western boundary currents and their roles in climate. Nature, 522, 299–308, doi: 10.1038/nature14504.
Cont. #: 4358
Schmitt, R.W., W. Asher, F. Bingham, J. Carton, L. Centurioni, J.T. Farrar, A. Gordon, B. Hodges, A. Jessup, W.S. Kessler, L. Rainville, and A. Shcherbina (2015): From salty to fresh—Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study-2 (SPURS-2): Diagnosing the physics of a rainfall-dominated salinity minimum. Oceanography, 28(1), 150–159, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.15.
Cont. #: 4251
Shcherbina, A.Y., E.A. D’Asaro, S.C. Riser, and W.S. Kessler (2015): Variability and interleaving of upper-ocean water masses surrounding the North Atlantic Salinity Maximum. Oceanography, 28(1), 106–113, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.12.
Cont. #: 4391
Smith, N.R., A. Kumar, K. Takahashi, H. Hendon, S. Cravatte, D. Chen, T. Farrar, M. Cronin, K. Ando, W. Yu, and W.S. Kessler (2015): The Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Project: The role of research and innovation. CLIVAR Exchanges, 19(2), No. 67, 12–17. [PDF Version]
Fiscal Year 2014
Cont. #: 4080
Gourdeau, L., J. Verron, A. Melet, W.S. Kessler, F. Marin, and B. Djeth (2014): Exploring the mesoscale activity in the Solomon Sea: A complementary approach with a numerical model and altimetric data. J. Geophys. Res., 119(4), 2290–2311, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009614.
Cont. #: 4095
Hristova, H.G., W.S. Kessler, J.C. McWilliams, and M.J. Molemaker (2014): Mesoscale variability and its seasonality in the Solomon and Coral Seas. J. Geophys. Res., 119(7), 4669–4687, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009741.
Cont. #: 4017
Kessler, W.S., and S. Cravatte (2013): Mean circulation of the Coral Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 118(12), 6385–6410, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009117.
Cont. #: 4225
Kessler, W.S., T. Lee, M. Collins, E. Guilyardi, D. Chen, A.T. Wittenberg, G. Vecchi, W.G. Large, and D. Anderson (2014): TPOS White Paper #3 – ENSO research: The overarching science drivers and requirements for observations. In Proceedings of the Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Workshop, A Future Sustained Tropical Pacific Ocean Observing System for Research and Forecasting, WMO and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, La Jolla, CA, 27–30 January 2014. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 4203
McGregor, S., P. Spence, F.U. Schwartzkopf, M.H. England, A. Santoso, W.S. Kessler, A. Timmermann, and C.W. Böning (2014): ENSO-driven interhemispheric Pacific mass transports. J. Geophys. Res., 119(9), 6221–6237, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010286.
Fiscal Year 2013
Cont. #: 3817
Davis, R.E., W.S. Kessler, and J.T. Sherman (2012): Gliders measure western boundary current transport from the South Pacific to the equator. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42(11), 2001–2013, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-022.1.
Cont. #: 3494
Ganachaud, A., M. Bowen, G. Brassington, W. Cai, S. Cravatte, R. Davis, L. Gourdeau, T. Hasegawa, K. Hill, N. Holbrook, W. Kessler, C. Maes, N. Melet, B. Qiu, K. Ridgway, D. Roemmich, A. Schiller, U. Send, B. Sloyan, J. Sprintall, C. Steinberg, P. Sutton, J. Verron, M. Widlansky, and P. Wiles (2013): Advances from the Southwest Pacific Ocean circulation and climate experiment (SPICE). CLIVAR Exchanges, 61–18(1), 16–23.
Cont. #: 3875
Kessler, W.S., and S. Cravatte (2013): ENSO and short-term variability of the South Equatorial Current entering the Coral Sea. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43(5), 956–969, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0113.1.
Fiscal Year 2012
Cont. #: 3777
Cravatte, S., W.S. Kessler, and F. Marin (2012): Intermediate zonal jets in the tropical Pacific Ocean observed by Argo floats. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42(9), 1475–1485, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0206.1.
Cont. #: 3678
Hristova, H.G., and W.S. Kessler (2012): Surface circulation in the Solomon Sea derived from Lagrangian drifter observations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42, 448–458, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-099.1.
Fiscal Year 2011
Cont. #: 3563
Cravatte, S., A. Ganachaud, Q.-P. Duong, W.S. Kessler, G. Eldin, and P. Dutrieux (2011): Observed circulation in the Solomon Sea from SADCP data. Prog. Oceanogr., 88(1-4), 116-130, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2010.12.015.
Cont. #: 3694
Send, U., R. Davis, J. Fischer, S. Imawaki, W. Kessler, C. Meinen, B. Owens, D. Roemmich, T. Rossby, D. Rudnick, J. Toole, S. Wijffels, and L. Beal (2010): A global boundary current circulation observing network. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.78, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Fiscal Year 2010
Cont. #: 3485
Melet, A., L. Gourdeau, W.S. Kessler, J. Verron, and J.-M. Molines (2010): Thermocline circulation in the Solomon Sea: A modeling study. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(6), 1302–1319, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4264.1.
Cont. #: 3300
Perez, R.C., M.F. Cronin, and W.S. Kessler (2010): Tropical cells, tropical instability waves, and a secondary circulation near the northern front of the equatorial Pacific cold tongue. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(9), 2091-2106, doi: 10.1175/2010JPO4366.1.
Fiscal Year 2009
Cont. #: 3209
Cronin, M.F., and W.S. Kessler (2009): Near-surface shear flow in the tropical Pacific cold tongue front. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(5), 1200-1215, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4064.1.
Cont. #: 3164
Ganachaud, A., G. Brassington, W. Kessler, C.R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, and T. Aung (2008): Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment (SPICE)—Part II. Implementation plan. International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 133, NOAA OAR Special Report, 36 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 3200
Perez, R.C., and W.S. Kessler (2009): Three-dimensional structure of tropical cells in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(1), 27–49, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4029.1.
Cont. #: 3133
Pickart, R.S., G.W.K. Moore, A.M. Macdonald, I.A. Renfrew, J.E. Walsh, and W.S. Kessler (2009): Seasonal evolution of Aleutian low-pressure systems: Implications for North Pacific sub-polar circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 1317–1339, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO3891.1.
Cont. #: 3195
Qiu, B., S. Chen, and W.S. Kessler (2009): Source of the 70-day mesoscale eddy variability in the Coral Sea and the North Fiji Basin. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(2), 404–420, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO3988.1.
Fiscal Year 2008
Cont. #: 3112
Ganachaud, A., L. Gourdeau, and W.S. Kessler (2008): Bifurcation of the subtropical South Equatorial Current against New Caledonia in December 2004 from a hydrographic inverse box model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38(9), 2072–2084, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO3901.1.
Cont. #: 3040
Gourdeau, L., W.S. Kessler, R.E. Davis, J. Sherman, C. Maes, and E. Kestenare (2008): Zonal jets entering the Coral Sea. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 715–725, doi: 10.1175/2007JPO3780.1.
Fiscal Year 2007
Cont. #: 2775
Chang, P., T. Yamagata, P. Schopf, S.K. Behera, J. Carton, W.S. Kessler, G. Meyers, T. Qu, F. Schott, S. Shetye, and S.-P. Xie (2006): Climate fluctuations of the tropical coupled system—The role of ocean dynamics. J. Climate, 19(20), 5122–5174, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3903.1.
Cont. #: 3070
Ganachaud, A., W. Kessler, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, M. Bowen, P. Sutton, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, and T. Aung (2007): Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment (SPICE)—Part I. Scientific Background. International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 111, NOAA OAR Special Report, NTIS: PB2007-111469, 37 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 3018
Jochum, M., M.F. Cronin, W.S. Kessler, and D. Shea (2007): Observed horizontal temperature advection by tropical instability waves. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09604, doi: 10.1029/2007GL029416.
Cont. #: 2921
Kessler, W.S., and L. Gourdeau (2007): The annual cycle of circulation in the southwest subtropical Pacific, analyzed in an ocean GCM. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(6), 1610–1627, doi: 10.1175/JPO3046.1.
Cont. #: 2701
Lyman, J.M., G.C. Johnson, and W.S. Kessler (2007): Distinct 17- and 33-day tropical instability waves in subsurface observations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(4), 855–872, doi: 10.1175/JPO3023.1.
Fiscal Year 2006
Cont. #: 2580
Kessler, W.S. (2005): The circulation of the eastern tropical Pacific: A review. Prog. Oceanogr., 69, 181–217, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2006.03.009.
Cont. #: 2876
Kessler, W.S., and L. Gourdeau (2006): Wind-driven zonal jets in the South Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03608, doi: 10.1029/2005GL025084.
Cont. #: 2915
Maes, C., K. Ando, T. Delcroix, W.S. Kessler, M.J. McPhaden, and D. Roemmich (2006): Observed correlation of surface salinity, temperature and barrier layer at the eastern edge of the western Pacific warm pool. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06601, 4 pp, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024772.
Fiscal Year 2005
Cont. #: 2679
Kessler, W.S. (2005): The oceans. In Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean System, W.K.M. Lau and D.E. Waliser (eds.), Springer, Berlin, 175–222.
Cont. #: 2677
Xie, S.-P., H. Xu, W.S. Kessler, and M. Nonaka (2005): Air-sea interaction over the eastern Pacific warm pool: Gap winds, thermocline dome, and atmospheric convection. J. Climate, 18(1), 5–25, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-3249.1.
Fiscal Year 2004
Cont. #: 2727
Kessler, W.S., J.N. Moum, M.F. Cronin, P.S. Schopf, D.L. Rudnick, and L. Thompson (2004): Pacific upwelling and mixing physics: A science and implementation plan. NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, May 2004, 47 pp.
Fiscal Year 2003
Cont. #: 2484
Kessler, W.S. (2002): Is ENSO a cycle or a series of events? Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(23), 2125, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015924.
Cont. #: 2443
Kessler, W.S., G.C. Johnson, and D.W. Moore (2003): Sverdrup and nonlinear dynamics of the Pacific Equatorial Currents. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33(5), 994–1008, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<0994:SANDOT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2440
Sloyan, B.M., G.C. Johnson, and W.S. Kessler (2003): The Pacific Cold Tongue: A pathway for interhemispheric exchange. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33(5), 1027–1043, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<1027:TPCTAP>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 2002
Cont. #: 2246
Cronin, M.F., and W.S. Kessler (2002): Seasonal and interannual modulation of mixed layer variability at 0°, 110°W. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 49(1), 1–17, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00043-7.
Cont. #: 2337
Johnson, G.C., B.M. Sloyan, W.S. Kessler, and K.E. McTaggart (2002): Direct measurements of upper ocean currents and water properties across the tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1990's. Prog. Oceanogr., 52(1), 31–61, doi: 10.1016/S0079-6611(02)00021-6.
Cont. #: 2351
Kessler, W.S. (2002): Mean three-dimensional circulation in the northeast tropical Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32(9), 2457–2471, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485-32.9.2457.
Cont. #: 2404
Kessler, W.S., R.E. Davis, K. Takeuchi, and R. Lukas (2002): The Pacific Basin extended climate study. In Observing the Ocean in the 21st Century, C.J. Koblinsky and N.R. Smith (eds.), Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia, 604 pp.
Fiscal Year 2001
Cont. #: 2207
Kessler, W.S. (2001): EOF representations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation and its connection with ENSO. J. Climate, 14(13), 3055–3061, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3055:EROTMJ>2.
Cont. #: 2051
Kessler, W.S., and R. Kleeman (2000): Rectification of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the ENSO cycle. J. Climate, 13(20), 3560–3575, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3560:ROTMJO>2.
Cont. #: 2160
Yu, Z., J.P. McCreary, W.S. Kessler, and K.A. Kelly (2000): Influence of equatorial dynamics on the Pacific North Equatorial Countercurrent. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30(12), 3179–3190, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<3179:IOEDOT>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 2000
Cont. #: 2202
Davis, R.E., W.S. Kessler, R. Lukas, R.A. Weller, D.W. Behringer, D.R. Cayan, D.B. Chelton, C. Eriksen, S. Esbensen, R.A. Fine, I. Fukumori, M.C. Gregg, E. Harrison, G.C. Johnson, T. Lee, N.J. Mantua, J.P. McCreary, M.J. McPhaden, J.C. McWilliams, A.J. Miller, H. Mitsudera, P.P. Niiler, B. Qiu, D. Raymond, D. Roemmich, D.L. Rudnick, N. Schneider, P.S. Schopf, D. Stammer, L. Thompson, and W.B. White (2000): Implementing the Pacific Basin Extended Climate Study (PBECS). U.S. CLIVAR Office Report, Version 2000.2, U.S. CLIVAR Office, 123 pp.
Cont. #: 2254
Kessler, W.S., R.E. Davis, K. Takeuchi, and R. Lukas (2000): The Pacific Basin extended climate study. In Proceedings of the International Conference on The Ocean Observing System for Climate, Session 4B, Saint-Raphael, France, 18–22 October 1999, 9 pp.
Fiscal Year 1999
Cont. #: 1976
Kessler, W.S. (1999): Interannual variability of the subsurface high salinity tongue south of the equator at 165°E. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(8), 2038–2049, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<2038:IVOTSH>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 1998
Cont. #: 1830
Kessler, W.S., L.M. Rothstein, and D. Chen (1998): The annual cycle of SST in the eastern tropical Pacific, diagnosed in an ocean GCM. J. Climate, 11(5), 777–799, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0777:TACOSI>2.
Cont. #: 1889
Moore, D.W., R.C. Kloosterziel, and W.S. Kessler (1998): Evolution of mixed Rossby gravity waves. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C3), 5331–5346, doi: 10.1029/97JC02419.
Fiscal Year 1997
Cont. #: 1653
Kessler, W.S., M.C. Spillane, M.J. McPhaden, and D.E. Harrison (1996): Scales of variability in the equatorial Pacific inferred from the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) buoy array. J. Climate, 9(12), 2999–3024, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2999:SOVITE>2.
Fiscal Year 1996
Cont. #: 1669
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Oceanic equatorial waves and the 1991–93 El Niño. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, WCRP-91, WMO/TD No. 717, December 1995, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 333–337.
Cont. #: 1670
Kessler, W.S., M.C. Spillane, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Scales of variability in the equatorial Pacific inferred from the TOGA-TAO buoy array. In Proceedings of the TOGA 95 Symposium, WCRP-91, WMO/TD No. 717, December 1995, Melbourne, Australia, 2–7 April 1995, 210–214.
Fiscal Year 1995
Cont. #: 1567
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): Oceanic equatorial waves and the 1991–93 El Niño. J. Climate, 8(7), 1757–1774, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1757:OEWATE>2.
Cont. #: 1566
Kessler, W.S., and M.J. McPhaden (1995): The 1991–1993 El Niño in the central Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 42(2–3), 295–333, doi: 10.1016/0967-0645(95)00041-N.
Cont. #: 1565
Kessler, W.S., M.J. McPhaden, and K.M. Weickmann (1995): Forcing of intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C6), 10,613–10,631, doi: 10.1029/95JC00382. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1666
McPhaden, M.J., W.S. Kessler, N.N. Soreide, and D.C. McClurg (1995): What is an El Niño? Mar. Weather Log, 39(2), 34–37.
Fiscal Year 1993
Cont. #: 1395
Kessler, W.S., and J.P. McCreary (1993): The annual wind-driven Rossby wave in the subthermocline equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23(6), 1192–1207, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<1192:TAWDRW>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 1991
Cont. #: 1048
Taft, B.A., and W.S. Kessler (1991): Variations of zonal currents in the central tropical Pacific during 1970 to 1987: Sea level and dynamic height measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 96(C7), 12,599–12,618, doi: 10.1029/91JC00781.
Fiscal Year 1990
Cont. #: 1149
Kessler, W.S. (1990): Observations of long Rossby waves in the northern tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 95(C4), 5183–5217, doi: 10.1029/JC095iC04p05183.
Fiscal Year 1989
Cont. #: 969
Harrison, D.E., W.S. Kessler, and B.S. Giese (1989): Ocean circulation model hindcasts of the 1982–83 El Niño: Thermal variability along the ship-of-opportunity tracks. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 19(4), 397–418, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1989)019<0397:OCMHOT>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1113
Kessler, W.S. (1989): Observations of long Rossby waves in the northern tropical Pacific. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-86, NTIS: PB89-196331, 169 pp. [PDF Version]
Fiscal Year 1988
Cont. #: 1035
Harrison, D.E., W.S. Kessler, and B.S. Giese (1988): Model-data comparisons for the 1982–83 El Niño: The XBT tracks. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-79, NTIS: PB88-221668, 61 pp. [PDF Version]
Fiscal Year 1987
Cont. #: 992
Kessler, W.S., and B.A. Taft (1987): Dynamic heights and zonal geostrophic transports in the central tropical Pacific during 1979–84. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17(1), 97–122, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<0097:DHAZGT>2.0.CO;2.
Fiscal Year 1986
Cont. #: 745
Kessler, W.S., B.A. Taft, and M.J. McPhaden (1985): An assessment of the XBT sampling network in the central Pacific. Univ. Corp. Atmos. Res., USTOGA 4, 62 pp.
Fiscal Year 1984
Cont. #: 569
Kessler, W., B.A. Taft, G. Meyers, and J.-R. Donguy (1983): Geostrophic transport calculations in the central Pacific based on the ship-of-opportunity XBT lines. In Papers from the 1982–83 El Niño/Southern Oscillation Data Display Workshop, NOAA/AOML, U.S. Government Printing Office, Miami, FL, 3–4 November 1983, 53–58.
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