National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce

Search Results:
Between Calendar Years 1997 and 3000
Sorted by year: Descending
Abstract contains all words: EL NINO

Calendar Year 2022
Cont. #: 5296
Guan, C., F. Tian, M.J. McPhaden, F. Wang, S. Hu, and R.-H. Zhang (2022): Zonal structure of tropical Pacific surface salinity anomalies affects ENSO intensity and asymmetry. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49(1), e2021GL096197, doi: 10.1029/2021GL096197, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5288
Hagos, S., L.R. Leung, C. Zhang, and K. Balaguru (2022): An observationally trained Markov Model for MJO propagation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49(2), e2021GL095663, doi: 10.1029/2021GL095663, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5395
Hasan, A.K.M.N., Y. Chikamoto, and M.J. McPhaden (2022): The influence of tropical basin interactions on the 2020-22 double-dip La Niña. Front. Clim., 4, 1001174, doi: 10.3389/fclim.2022.1001174, View article online at publisher's website (external link).
Cont. #: 5263
Pittman, N.A., P.G. Strutton, R. Johnson, R.J. Matear, and A.J. Sutton (2022): Relationships between air-sea CO2 flux and new production in the equatorial Pacific. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 36(4), e2021GB007121, doi: 10.1029/2021GB007121, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5310
Wang, G., W. Cai, A. Santoso, L. Wu, J.C. Fyfe, S.-W. Yeh, B. Ng, K. Yang, and M.J. McPhaden (2022): Future Southern Ocean warming linked to projected ENSO variability. Nature Clim. Change, 12, 649–654, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01398-2, View online, open access - external link (NPG).
Calendar Year 2021
Cont. #: 5265
Alin, S.R., J. Newton, D. Greeley, B. Curry, J. Herndon, A. Kozyr, and R.A. Feely (2021): A compiled data product of profile, discrete biogeochemical measurements from 35 individual cruise data sets collected from a variety of ships in the southern Salish Sea and northern California Current System (Washington state marine waters) from 2008-02-04 to 2018-10-19. Dataset, NCEI Accession 0238424, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, doi: 10.25921/zgk5-ep63,
Cont. #: 5213
Cai, W., A. Santoso, M. Collins, B. Dewitte, C. Karamperidou, J.-S. Kug, M. Lengaigne, M.J. McPhaden, M.F. Stuecker, A.S. Taschetto, A. Timmermann, L. Wu, S.-W. Yeh, G. Wang, B. Ng, F. Jia, Y. Yang, J. Ying, X.-T. Zheng, T. Bayr, J.R. Brown, A. Capotondi, K.M. Cobb, B. Gan, T. Geng, Y.-G. Ham, F.-F. Jin, H.-S. Jo, X. Li, X. Lin, S. McGregor, J.-H. Park, K. Stein, K. Yang, L. Zhang, and W. Zhong (2021): Changing Niño-Southern Oscillation in a warming climate. Nature Rev. Earth Environ., 2, 628–644, doi: 10.1038/s43017-021-00199-z, View online.
Cont. #: 5154
Deppenmeier, A.-L., F.O. Bryan, W.S. Kessler, and L. Thompson (2021): Modulation of cross-isothermal velocities with ENSO in the tropical Pacific cold tongue. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 51(5), 1559–1574, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0217.1, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5262
Feng, M., Y. Zhang, H. Hendon, M.J. McPhaden, and A.G. Marshall (2021): Niño 4 West (Niño-4W) sea surface temperature variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 126(9), e2021JC017591, doi: 10.1029/2021JC017591, View online.
Cont. #: 5286
Jin, Y., Z. Liu, and M.J. McPhaden (2021): A theory of the spring persistence barrier on ENSO. Part III: The role of tropical Pacific Ocean heat content. J. Climate, 34(21), 8567–8577, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0070.1, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 5276
Lee, J., Y.Y. Planton, P.J. Gleckler, K.R. Sperber, E. Guilyardi, A.T. Wittenberg, M.J. McPhaden, and G. Pallotta (2021): Robust evaluation of ENSO in climate models: How many ensemble members are needed? Geophys. Res. Lett., 48(20), e2021GL095041, doi: 10.1029/2021GL095041, View online.
Cont. #: 5260
Nagura, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2021): Predicting interannual variability in sea surface height along the west coast of Australia using a simple ocean model. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48(18), e2021GL094592, doi: 10.1029/2021GL094592, View online.
Cont. #: 5050
Planton, Y., E. Guilyardi, A.T. Wittenberg, J. Lee, P. Gleckler, T. Bayr, S. McGregor, M.J. McPhaden, S. Power, R. Roehrig, J. Vialard, and A. Voldoire (2021): Evaluating climate models with the CLIVAR 2020 ENSO metrics package. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 102(2), E193–E217, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0337.1, View online.
Cont. #: 5088
Planton, Y.Y., J. Vialard, E. Guilyardi, M. Lengaigne, and M.J. McPhaden (2021): Asymmetric influence of oceanic heat content on ENSO predictability in the CNRM-CM5 Coupled General Circulation Model. J. Climate, 34(14), 5775–5793, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0633.1, View online.
Cont. #: 5031
Power, S., M. Lengaigne, A. Capotondi, S. McGregor, M. Khodri, J. Vialard, J.-S. Kug, B. Jebri, M. Newman, M.J. McPhaden, G. Meehl, D. Smith, J. Cole, M. Collins, E. Guilyardi, G.-I. Kim, W. Cai, Y. Okumura, F. Delage, K. Cobb, C. Chung, A. Wittenberg, P. Braconnot, J. Cretat, R. Garreaud, A. Levine, Y. Planton, J. Emile-Geay, R. Séférian, F. Zhu, R. Colman, G.-I. Kim, J. Sprintall, D. Vimont, G. Wang, X. Zhang, J.-J. Luo, J. Emile-Geay, X. Lin, M. Balmaseda, K. Slava, G. Boer, G. Liguori, E. Di Lorenzo, B. Henley, and A. Timmermann (2021): Decadal climate variability in the tropical Pacific: Characteristics, causes, predictability and prospects. Science, 374(6563), eaay9165, doi: 10.1126/science.aay9165, View online.
Cont. #: 5075
Zhang, L., W. Han, G.A. Meehl, A. Hu, N. Rosenbloom, T. Shinoda, and M.J. McPhaden (2021): Diverse impacts of Indian Ocean dipole on El Niño-Southern Oscillation. J. Climate, 34(22), 9057–9070, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0085.1, View online.
Calendar Year 2020
Cont. #: 5107
Betts, R., C. Burton, R. Feely, M. Collins, C. Jones, and A. Wiltshire (2020): ENSO and the carbon cycle. Chapter 20 in El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M.J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 253, American Geophysical Union, Wiley, 453–470, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch20, View online.
Cont. #: 5039
Cai, W., M.J. McPhaden, A.M. Grimm, R.R. Rodrigues, A.S. Taschetto, R.D. Garreaud, B. Dewitte, G. Poveda, Y.-G. Ham, A. Santoso, B. Ng, W. Anderson, G. Wang, T. Geng, H.-S. Jo, J.A. Marengo, L.M. Alves, M. Osman, S. Li, L. Wu, C. Karamperidou, K. Takahashi, and C. Vera (2020): Climate impacts of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation on South America. Nat. Rev. Earth Environ., 1, 215–231, doi: 10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3, View online.
Cont. #: 5077
Cai, W., B. Ng, T. Geng, L. Wu, A. Santoso, and M.J. McPhaden (2020): Butterfly effect and a self-modulating El Niño response to global warming. Nature, 585, 68–73, doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2641-x, View online.
Cont. #: 5179
Capotondi, A., A.T. Wittenberg, J.-S. Kug, K. Takahashi, and M.J. McPhaden (2020): ENSO Diversity. Chapter 4 in El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M.J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 253, American Geophysical Union, Wiley, 65–86, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch4, View online.
Cont. #: 4970
Chikamoto, Y., Z.F. Johnson, S.-Y. Wang, M.J. McPhaden, and T. Mochizuki (2020): El Niño Southern Oscillation evolution modulated by Atlantic forcing. J. Geophys. Res., 125(8), e2020JC016318, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016318, View online.
Cont. #: 5034
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2020): Tropical Pacific surface wind energy spectra and coherence: Basin-wide observations and their observing system implications. J. Climate, 33(16), 7141–7154, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0836.1, View online.
Cont. #: 4758
Davis, R.E., L. Talley, D. Roemmich, W.B. Owens, D.L. Rudnick, R. Weller, J. Steele, M.J. McPhaden, and J. Barth (2020): 100 years of progress in ocean observing systems. AMS Meteorological Monographs, 59(1), 3.1–3.46, doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0014.1, View online.
Cont. #: 5014
Hu, Z.-Z., A. Kumar, B. Huang, J. Zhu, M. L’Heureux, M.J. McPhaden, and J.-Y. Yu (2020): The interdecadal shift of ENSO properties in 1999/2000: A review. J. Climate, 33(11), 4441–4462, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0316.1, View online.
Cont. #: 4995
Hu, Z.-Z., M.J. McPhaden, A. Kumar, J.-Y. Yu, and N.C. Johnson (2020): Uncoupled El Niño Warming. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47(7), e2020GL087621, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087621, View online.
Cont. #: 4977
Johnson, Z.F., Y. Chikamoto, S.-Y. Wang, M.J. McPhaden, and T. Mochizuki (2020): Pacific Decadal Oscillation remotely forced by the equatorial Pacific and the Atlantic oceans. Climate Dynam., 55(3-4), 789–811, doi: 10.1007/s00382-020-05295-2, View online.
Cont. #: 5022
Karamperidou, C., M.F. Stuecker, A. Timmermann, K.-S. Yun, S.-S. Lee, F.-F. Jin, A. Santoso, M.J. McPhaden, and W. Cai (2020): ENSO in a changing climate: Challenges, paleo‐perspectives, and outlook. Chapter 21 in El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M.J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 253, American Geophysical Union, Wiley, 471–485, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch21, View online.
Cont. #: 4939
McPhaden, M.J., T. Lee, S. Fournier, and M.A. Balmaseda (2020): ENSO Observations. Chapter 3 in El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M.J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 253, American Geophysical Union, Wiley, 39–63, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch3, View online.
Cont. #: 4949
McPhaden, M.J., A. Santoso, and W. Cai (2020): Introduction to El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate. Chapter 1 in El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M.J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 253, American Geophysical Union, Wiley, 1–19, doi: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch1, View online.
Cont. #: 5145
Ray, S., S.A. Siedlecki, M.A. Alexander, N.A. Bond, and A.J. Hermann (2020): Drivers of subsurface temperature variability in the Northern California Current. J. Geophys. Res., 125(8), e2020JC016227, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016227, View online.
Cont. #: 5047
Yang, S., B.X. Chang, M.J. Warner, T.S. Weber, A.M. Bourbonnais, A.E. Santoro, A. Kock, R.E. Sonnerup, J.L. Bullister, S.T. Wilson, and D. Bianchi (2020): Global reconstruction reduces the uncertainty of oceanic nitrous oxide emissions and reveals a vigorous seasonal cycle. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117(22), 11954-11960, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1921914117, View online.
Calendar Year 2019
Cont. #: 4838
Cai, W., L. Wu, M. Lengaigne, T. Li, S. McGregor, J.-S. Kug, J.-Y. Yu, M.F. Stuecker, A. Santoso, X. Li, Y.-G. Ham, Y. Chikamoto, B. Ng, M.J. McPhaden, Y. Du, D. Dommenget, F. Jia, J.B. Kajtar, N. Keenlyside, X. Lin, J.-J. Luo, M. Martin-Rey, Y. Ruprich-Robert, G. Wang, S.-P. Xie, Y. Yang, S.M. Kang, J.-Y. Choi, B. Gan, G.-I. Kim, C.-E. Kim, S. Kim, J.-H. Kim, and P. Chang (2019): Pantropical climate interactions. Science, 363(6430), eaav4236, doi: 10.1126/science.aav4236, View online.
Cont. #: 4815
Chiodi, A.M. (2019): Diagnosing and predicting ENSO SSTA development from moored-buoy and scatterometer winds. J. Climate, 32(24), 8755–8770, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0183.1, View online.
Cont. #: 4972
Gordon, A.L., A. Napitu, B.A. Huber, L.K. Gruenburg, K. Pujiana, T. Agustiadi, A. Kuswardani, N. Mbay, and A. Setiawan (2019): Makassar Strait throughflow seasonal and interannual variability, an overview. J. Geophys. Res., 124(6), 3724–3736, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014502, View online.
Cont. #: 4996
Guan, C., S. Hu, M.J. McPhaden, F. Wang, S. Gao, and Y. Hou (2019): Dipole structure of mixed layer salinity variations in response to El Niño-La Niña asymmetry in the tropical Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46(21), 12165–12172, doi: 10.1029/2019GL084817, View online.
Cont. #: 4814
Guan, C., M.J. McPhaden, F. Wang, and S. Hu (2019): Quantifying the role of oceanic feedbacks on ENSO asymmetry. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46(4), 2140–2148, doi: 10.1029/2018GL081332, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4872
Kessler, W.S., H.G. Hristova, and R.E. Davis (2019): Equatorward western boundary transport from the South Pacific: Glider observations, dynamics and consequences. Prog. Oceanogr., 175, 208–225, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2019.04.005, View online.
Cont. #: 4953
Leung, S., L. Thompson, M.J. McPhaden, and K.A.S. Mislan (2019): ENSO drives near-surface oxygen and vertical habitat variability in the tropical Pacific. Environ. Res. Lett., 14, 064020, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab1c13, View online.
Cont. #: 4962
Lilly, L.E., U. Send, M. Lankhorst, T.R. Martz, R.A. Feely, A.J. Sutton, and M.D. Ohman (2019): Biogeochemical anomalies at two southern California Current System moorings during the 2014-16 Warm Anomaly-El Niño sequence. J. Geophys. Res., 124(10), 6886–6903, doi: 10.1029/2019JC015255, View online.
Cont. #: 4994
Lim, E.-P., H.H. Hendon, P. Hope, C. Chung, F. Delage, and M.J. McPhaden (2019): Continuation of tropical Pacific Ocean temperature trend may weaken extreme El Niño and its linkage to the Southern Annular Mode. Sci. Rep., 9, 17044, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-53371-3, View online.
Cont. #: 4876
Pardo, P.C., B. Tilbrook, E. van Ooijen, A. Passmore, C. Neill, P. Jansen, A.J. Sutton, and T.W. Trull (2019): Surface ocean carbon dioxide variability in South Pacific boundary currents and Subantarctic waters. Sci. Rep., 9, 7592, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44109-2, View online.
Cont. #: 4975
Roxy, M.K., D. Panini, M.J. McPhaden, T. Suematsu, C. Zhang, and D. Kim (2019): Twofold expansion of the Indo-Pacific warm pool warps the MJO lifecycle. Nature, 575, 647–651, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1764-4, View online.
Cont. #: 4869
Smith, N., W.S. Kessler, S. Cravatte, J. Sprintall, S. Wijffels, M.F. Cronin, A. Sutton, Y.L. Serra, B. Dewitte, P.G. Strutton, K.L. Hill, A. Sen Gupta, X. Lin, K. Takahashi, D. Chen, and S. Brunner (2019): Tropical Pacific Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 31, Oceanobs19: An Ocean of Opportunity, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00031, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4856
Yasunaka, S., S. Koketsu, P.G. Strutton, A.J. Sutton, A. Murata, S. Nakaoka, and Y. Nojiri (2019): Spatio-temporal variability of surface water pCO2 and nutrients in the tropical Pacific from 1981 to 2015. Deep-Sea Res. II, 169, 104680, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.104680, View online.
Cont. #: 4855
Zanowski, H., G.C. Johnson, and J.M. Lyman (2019): Equatorial Pacific 1000-dbar velocity and isotherm displacements from Argo data: Beyond the mean and seasonal cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 124(11), 7873-7882, doi: 10.1029/2019JC015032, View online.
Calendar Year 2018
Cont. #: 4791
Bednaršek, N., R.A. Feely, M.W. Beck, O. Glippa, M. Kanerva, and J. Engström-Öst (2018): El Niño-related thermal stress coupled with upwelling-related ocean acidification negatively impacts cellular to population-level responses in pteropods along the California Current System with implications for increased bioenergetic costs. Front. Mar. Sci., 5, 486, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00486, View online.
Cont. #: 4817
Cai, W., G. Wang, B. Dewitte, L. Wu, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, Y. Yang, A. Carréric, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Increased variability of eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming. Nature, 564, 201–206, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0776-9, View online.
Cont. #: 4704
Chiodi, A.M., N.S. Larkin, and J.M. Varner (2018): An analysis of southeastern U.S. prescribed burn weather windows: Seasonal variability and El Niño associations. Int. J. Wildland Fire, 27(3), doi: 10.1071/WF17132, View online.
Cont. #: 4692
Dong, L., and M.J. McPhaden (2018): Unusually warm Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures help to arrest development of El Niño in 2014. Sci. Rep., 8, 2249, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-20294-4, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4736
Hu, Z.-Z., B. Huang, J. Zhu, A. Kumar, and M.J. McPhaden (2018): On the variety of coastal El Niño events. Climate Dynam., 52, 7537–7552, doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4290-4, View online.
Cont. #: 4788
Jackson, J.M., G.C. Johnson, H.V. Dosser, and T. Ross (2018): Warming from recent marine heat wave lingers deep in British Columbia fjord. Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(18), 9757–9764, doi: 10.1029/2018GL078971, View online.
Cont. #: 4728
Le Quéré, C., R.M. Andrew, P. Friedlingstein, S. Sitch, J. Pongratz, A.C. Manning, J.I. Korsbakken, G.P. Peters, J.G. Canadell, R.B. Jackson, T.A. Boden, P.P. Tans, O.D. Andrews, V.K. Arora, D.C.E. Bakker, L. Barbero, M. Becker, R.A. Betts, L. Bopp, F. Chevallier, L.P. Chini, P. Ciais, C.E. Cosca, J. Cross, K. Currie, T. Gasser, I. Harris, J. Hauck, V. Haverd, R.A. Houghton, C.W. Hunt, G. Hurtt, T. Ilyina, A.K. Jain, E. Kato, M. Kautz, R.F. Keeling, K. Klein Goldewijk, A. Körtzinger, P. Landschützer, N. Lefèvre, A. Lenton, S. Lienert, I. Lima, D. Lombardozzi, N. Metzl, F. Millero, P.M.S. Monteiro, D.R. Munro, J.E.M.S. Nabel, S.-I. Nakaoka, Y. Nojiri, X.A. Padn, A. Peregon, B. Pfeil, D. Pierrot, B. Poulter, G. Rehder, J. Reimer, C. Rödenbeck, J. Schwinger, R. Séférian, I. Skjelvan, B.D. Stocker, H. Tian, B. Tilbrook, I.T. van der Laan-Luijkx, G.R. van der Werf, S. van Heuven, N. Viovy, N. Vuichard, A.P. Walker, A.J. Watson, A.J. Wiltshire, S. Zaehle, and D. Zhu (2018): Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth Sys. Sci. Data, 10, 405-448, doi: 10.5194/essd-10-405-2018, View online.
Cont. #: 4723
Timmermann, A., S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, A. Capotondi, K. Cobb, M. Lengaigne, M.J. McPhaden, M. Stuecker, K. Stein, A. Wittenberg, K.-S. Yun, T. Bayr, H.-C. Chen, Y. Chikamoto, B. Dewitte, D. Dommenget, P. Grothe, E. Guilyardi, Y.-G. Ham, M. Hayashi, S. Ineson, D. Kang, S. Kim, W. Kim, J.-Y. Lee, T. Li, J.-J. Luo, S. McGregor, Y. Planton, S. Power, H. Rashid, H. Ren, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, A. Todd, G. Wang, G. Wang, R. Xie, W.-H. Yang, S.-W. Yeh, J. Yoon, E. Zeller, and X. Zhang (2018): El Niño/Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559(535–545), doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6, Available online.
Cont. #: 4735
Yeh, S.-W., W. Cai, S.-K. Min, M.J. McPhaden, D. Dommenget, B. Dewitte, M. Collins, K. Ashok, S.-I. An, B.-Y. Yim, and J.-S. Kug (2018): ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Rev. Geophys., 56, 185–206, doi: 10.1002/2017RG000568.
Calendar Year 2017
Cont. #: 4607
Chatterjee, A., M.M. Gierach, A.J. Sutton, R.A. Feely, D. Crisp, A. Eldering, M.R. Gunson, C.W. O’Dell, B.B. Stephens, and D.S. Schimel (2017): Influence of El Niño on atmospheric CO2 over the tropical Pacific Ocean: Findings from NASA’s OCO-2 mission. Science, 358(6360), eaam5776, doi: 10.1126/science.aam5776.
Cont. #: 4500
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2017): Observed El Niño SSTA development and the effects of Easterly and Westerly Wind events in 2014–2015. J. Climate, 30(4), 1505–1519, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0385.1.
Cont. #: 4410
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2017): Simulating ENSO SSTA from TAO/Triton winds: The impacts of 20 years of buoy observations in the Pacific waveguide and comparison with reanalysis products. J. Climate, 30(3), 1041–1059, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0865.1.
Cont. #: 4716
Gourdeau, L., J. Verron, A. Chaigneau, S. Cravatte, and W.S. Kessler (2017): Complementary use of glider data, altimetry, and model for exploring mesoscale eddies in the tropical Pacific Solomon Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 122(11), 9209–9229, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013116.
Cont. #: 4331
Harrison, D.E., and A.M. Chiodi (2017): Comment on 'Characterizing ENSO coupled variability and its impact on North American seasonal precipitation and temperature' by L'Heureux, Tippet, and Barnston. J. Climate, 30(1), 427–436, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0678.1.
Cont. #: 4557
Johnson, G.C., and A.N. Birnbaum (2017): As El Niño builds, Pacific Warm Pool expands, ocean gains more heat. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(1), 438–445, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071767.
Cont. #: 4492
Khodri, M., T. Izumo, J. Vialard, S. Janicot, C. Cassou, M. Lengaigne, J. Mignot, G. Gastineau, E. Guilyardi, N. Lebas, A. Robock, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Tropical explosive volcanic eruptions can trigger El Niño events by cooling tropical Africa. Nature Commun., 8, 778, doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00755-6, View online (open access).
Cont. #: 4577
Levine, A.F.Z., M.J. McPhaden, and D.M.W. Frierson (2017): The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(8), 3877–3886, doi: 10.1002/2017GL072524.
Cont. #: 4512
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Symmetry of the Atlantic Niño mode. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(2), 965–973, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071829.
Cont. #: 4520
McKinley, G.A., A.R. Fay, N.S. Lovenduski, and D.J. Pilcher (2017): Natural variability and anthropogenic trends in the ocean carbon sink. Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci., 9, 125-150, doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-010816-060529.
Cont. #: 4528
Puy, M., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, E. Guilyardi, P.N. DiNezio, A. Voldoire, M. Balmaseda, G. Madec, C. Menkes, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Influence of Westerly Wind Events stochasticity on El Niño amplitude: the case of 2014 vs. 2015. Climate Dynam., 52, 7435–7454, doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3938-9, Published online.
Cont. #: 4701
Santoso, A., M.J. McPhaden, and W. Cai (2017): The defining characteristics of ENSO extremes and the strong 2015/2016 El Niño. Rev. Geophys., 55(4), 1079–1129, doi: 10.1002/2017RG000560.
Cont. #: 4427
Wang, G., W. Cai, B. Gan, A. Santoso, X. Lin, Z. Chen, and M.J. McPhaden (2017): Continued increase of extreme El Niño frequency long after 1.5 °C warming stabilization. Nature Clim. Change, 7, 568–572, doi: 10.1038/nclimate3351.
Cont. #: 4703
Williams, P.D., M.J. Alexander, E.A. Barnes, A.H. Butler, H.C. Davies, C.I. Garfinkel, Y. Kushnir, T.P. Lane, J.K. Lundquist, O. Martius, R.N. Maue, W.R. Peltier, K. Sato, A.A. Scaife, and C. Zhang (2017): A census of atmospheric variability from seconds to decades. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(21), 11,201–11,211, doi: 10.1002/2017GL075483.
Calendar Year 2016
Cont. #: 4411
Guan, C., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Ocean processes affecting the twenty-first century shift in ENSO SST variability. J. Climate, 29(19), 6861–6879, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0870.1.
Cont. #: 4403
Hobday, A.J., L.V. Alexander, S.E. Perkins, D.A. Smale, S.C. Straub, E.C.J. Oliver, J. Benthuysen, M.T. Burrows, M.G. Donat, M. Feng, N.J. Holbrook, P.J. Moore, H.A. Scannell, A. Sen Gupta, and T. Wernberg (2016): A hierarchical approach to defining marine heatwaves. Prog. Oceanogr., 141, 227–238, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.12.014.
Cont. #: 4556
Johnson, G.C., and A.N. Birnbaum (2016): Equatorial Pacific thermostad response to El Niño. J. Geophys. Res., 121(11), 8368–8378, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012304.
Cont. #: 4112
Ladd, C., and W. Cheng (2016): Gap winds and their effects on regional oceanography Part I: Cross Sound, Alaska. Deep-Sea Res. II, 132, 41–53, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.08.006, Understanding Ecosystem Processes in the Gulf of Alaska: Volume 1.
Cont. #: 4576
Le Quéré, C., R.M. Andrew, J.G. Canadell, S. Sitch, J.I. Korsbakken, G.P. Peters, A.C. Manning, T.A. Boden, P.P. Tans, R.A. Houghton, R.F. Keeling, S. Alin, O.D. Andrews, P. Anthoni, L. Barbero, L. Bopp, F. Chevallier, L.P. Chini, P. Ciais, K. Currie, C. Delire, S.C. Doney, P. Friedlingstein, T. Gkritzalis, I. Harris, J. Hauck, V. Haverd, M. Hoppema, K. Klein Goldewijk, A.K. Jain, E. Kato, A. Körtzinger, P. Landschützer, N. Lefèvre, A. Lenton, S. Lienert, D. Lombardozzi, J.R. Melton, N. Metzl, F. Millero, P.M.S. Monteiro, D.R. Munro, J.E.M.S. Nabel, S.-I. Nakaoka, K. O'Brien, A. Olsen, A.M. Omar, T. Ono, D. Pierrot, B. Poulter, C. Rödenbeck, J. Salisbury, U. Schuster, J. Schwinger, R. Séférian, I. Skjelvan, B.D. Stocker, A.J. Sutton, T. Takahashi, H. Tian, B. Tilbrook, I.T. van der Laan-Luijkx, G.R. van der Werf, N. Viovy, A.P. Walker, A. Wiltshire, and S. Zaehle (2016): Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth Sys. Sci. Data, 8, 605–649, doi: 10.5194/essd-8-605-2016.
Cont. #: 4426
Levine, A.F.Z., F.-F. Jin, and M.J. McPhaden (2016): Extreme noise–extreme El Niño: How state-dependent noise forcing creates El Niño-La Niña asymmetry. J. Climate, 29(15), 5483–5499, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0091.1.
Cont. #: 4444
Levine, A.F.Z., and M.J. McPhaden (2016): How the July 2014 easterly wind burst gave the 2015-6 El Niño a head start. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(12), 6503–6510, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069204.
Cont. #: 4407
McClatchie, S., A.R. Thompson, S.R. Alin, S. Siedlecki, W. Watson, and S.J. Bograd (2016): The influence of Pacific Equatorial Water on fish diversity in the southern California Current System. J. Geophys. Res., 121(8), 4407, doi: 10.1002/2016JC011672.
Cont. #: 4496
Wang, F., J. Wang, C. Guan, Q. Ma, and D. Zhang (2016): Mooring observation of equatorial currents over upper 1000 m depth in the western Pacific Ocean in 2014. J. Geophys. Res., 121, 3730–3740, doi: 10.1002/2015JC011510.
Cont. #: 4301
Wood, S., I.B. Baums, C.B. Paris, A. Ridgwell, W.S. Kessler, and E.J. Hendy (2016): El Niño and coral larval dispersal across the eastern Pacific marine barrier. Nat. Commun., 7, 12571, doi: 10.1038/ncomms12571, Available online.
Calendar Year 2015
Cont. #: 4308
Cai, W., A. Santoso, G. Wang, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, K.M. Cobb, M. Collins, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, J.-S. Kug, M. Lengaigne, M.J. McPhaden, K. Takahashi, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, M. Watanabe, and L. Wu (2015): ENSO and greenhouse warming. Nature Clim. Change, 5, 849–859, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2743.
Cont. #: 4259
Cai, W., G. Wang, A. Santoso, M.J. McPhaden, L. Wu, F.-F. Jin, A. Timmermann, M. Collins, G. Vecchi, M. Lengaigne, M.H. England, D. Dommenget, K. Takahashi, and E. Guilyardi (2015): Increasing frequency of extreme La Niña events induced by greenhouse warming. Nature Clim. Change, 5, 132–137, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2492.
Cont. #: 4145
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2015): Equatorial Pacific easterly wind surges and the onset of La Niña events. J. Climate, 28(2), 776–792, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00227.1.
Cont. #: 3946
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2015): Global seasonal precipitation anomalies robustly associated with El Niño and La Niña events—an OLR perspective. J. Climate, 28(15), 6133–6159, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00387.1.
Cont. #: 3943
Harrison, D.E., and A.M. Chiodi (2015): Multi-decadal variability and trends in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and tropical Pacific fisheries implications. Deep-Sea Res. II, 113, 9–21, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.12.020.
Cont. #: 4207
Hu, D., L. Wu, W. Cai, A. Sen Gupta, A. Ganachaud, B. Qiu, A.L. Gordon, X. Lin, Z. Chen, S. Hu, G. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Sprintall, T. Qu, Y. Kashino, F. Wang, and W.S. Kessler (2015): Pacific western boundary currents and their roles in climate. Nature, 522, 299–308, doi: 10.1038/nature14504.
Cont. #: 4196
McPhaden, M.J., A. Timmermann, M.J. Widlansky, M.A. Balmaseda, and T.N. Stockdale (2015): The curious case of the El Niño that never happened: A perspective from 40 years of progress in climate research and forecasting. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 96, 1647–1665, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00089.1.
Calendar Year 2014
Cont. #: 4049
Cai, W., S. Borlace, M. Lengaigne, P. van Rensch, M. Collins, G. Vecchi, A. Timmermann, A. Santoso, M.J. McPhaden, L. Wu, M.H. England, G. Wang, E. Guilyardi, and F.-F. Jin (2014): Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, 4, 111–116, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2100.
Cont. #: 3509
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2014): Comment on Qian et al. 2008: La Niña and El Niño composites of atmospheric CO2 change. Tellus B, 66, 20428, doi: 10.3402/tellusb.v66.20428.
Cont. #: 3825
Chiodi, A.M., D.E. Harrison, and G.A. Vecchi (2014): Subseasonal atmospheric variability and El Niño waveguide warming: Observed effects of the Madden-Julian Oscillation and Westerly Wind Events. J. Climate, 27(10), 3619–3642, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00547.1.
Cont. #: 4081
Ganachaud, A., S. Cravatte, A. Melet, A. Schiller, N.J. Holbrook, B.M. Sloyan, M.J. Widlansky, M. Bowen, J. Verron, P. Wiles, K. Ridgway, P. Sutton, J. Sprintall, C. Steinberg, G. Brassington, W. Cai, R. Davis, F. Gasparin, L. Gourdeau, T. Hasegawa, W. Kessler, C. Maes, K. Takahashi, K.J. Richards, and U. Send (2014): The Southwest Pacific Ocean and Climate Experiment (SPICE). J. Geophys. Res., 119(11), 7660–7686, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009678.
Cont. #: 3972
Ishii, M., R.A. Feely, K.B. Rodgers, G.-H. Park, R. Wanninkhof, D. Sasano, H. Sugimoto, C.E. Cosca, S. Nakaoka, M. Telszewski, Y. Nojiri, S.E. Mikaloff Fletcher, Y. Niwa, P.K. Patra, V. Valsala, H. Nakano, I. Lima, S.C. Doney, E.T. Buitenhuis, O. Aumont, J.P. Dunne, A. Lenton, and T. Takahashi (2014): Air-sea CO2 flux in the Pacific Ocean for the period 1990-2009. Biogeosciences, 11, 709–734, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-709-2014.
Cont. #: 4040
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Assessing the 21st century shift in ENSO variability in terms of the Bjerknes stability index. J. Climate, 27(7), 2577–2587, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00438.1.
Cont. #: 4203
McGregor, S., P. Spence, F.U. Schwartzkopf, M.H. England, A. Santoso, W.S. Kessler, A. Timmermann, and C.W. Böning (2014): ENSO-driven interhemispheric Pacific mass transports. J. Geophys. Res., 119(9), 6221–6237, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010286.
Cont. #: 3951
McPhaden, M.J., and M. Nagura (2014): Indian Ocean Dipole interpreted in terms of recharge oscillator theory. Climate Dynam., 42(5-6), 1569-1586, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1765-1.
Cont. #: 4108
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, G.R. Foltz, M.J. McPhaden, S. Pous, and C. de Boyer Montégut (2014): Processes of interannual mixed layer temperature variability in the thermocline ridge of the Indian Ocean. Climate Dynam., 43(9–10), 2377–2397, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2059-y.
Cont. #: 4136
Rödenbeck, C., D.C.E. Bakker, N. Metzl, A. Olsen, C. Sabine, N. Cassar, F. Reum, R.F. Keeling, and M. Heimann (2014): Interannual sea–air CO2 flux variability from an observation-driven ocean mixed-layer scheme. Biogeosciences, 11, 4599–4613, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-4599-2014.
Cont. #: 4050
Rodrigues, R.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Why did the 2011–2012 La Niña cause a severe drought in the Brazilian Northeast? Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(3), 1012–1018, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058703.
Cont. #: 4019
Sutton, A.J., R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, M.J. McPhaden, T. Takahashi, F.P. Chavez, G.E. Friederich, and J.T. Mathis (2014): Natural variability and anthropogenic change in equatorial Pacific surface ocean pCO2 and pH. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28(2), 131–145, doi: 10.1002/2013GB004679.
Cont. #: 4169
Wen, C., A. Kumar, Y. Xue, and M.J. McPhaden (2014): Changes in tropical Pacific thermocline depth and their relationship to ENSO after 1999. J. Climate, 27(19), 7230–7249, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00518.1.
Calendar Year 2013
Cont. #: 2116
Chang, A.S., M.A. Bertram, T. Ivanochko, S.E. Calvert, A. Dallimore, and R.E. Thomson (2013): Annual record of particle fluxes, geochemistry and diatoms in Effingham Inlet, British Columbia, Canada, and the impact of the 1999 La Niña event. Mar. Geol., 337, 20–34, doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2013.01.003.
Cont. #: 3281
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2013): El Niño impacts on seasonal U.S. atmospheric circulation, temperature and precipitation anomalies: The OLR-event perspective. J. Climate, 26(3), 822–837, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00097.1.
Cont. #: 3952
Feng, M., M.J. McPhaden, S.-P. Xie, and J. Hafner (2013): La Niña forces unprecedented Leeuwin Current warming in 2011. Nature Sci. Repts., 3, 1277, doi: 10.1038/srep01277.
Cont. #: 3875
Kessler, W.S., and S. Cravatte (2013): ENSO and short-term variability of the South Equatorial Current entering the Coral Sea. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43(5), 956–969, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0113.1.
Cont. #: 3947
Lübbecke, J.F., and M.J. McPhaden (2013): A comparative stability analysis of Atlantic and Pacific Niño modes. J. Climate, 26(16), 5965–5980, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00758.1.
Cont. #: 3967
McGregor, S., N. Ramesh, P. Spence, M.H. England, M.J. McPhaden, and A. Santoso (2013): Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(4), 749–754, doi: 10.1002/grl.50136.
Cont. #: 3783
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, M.J. McPhaden, M.F. Cronin, F. Pinsard, and K. Gopala Reddy (2013): TropFlux wind stresses over the tropical oceans: Evaluation and comparison with other products. Climate Dynam., 40(7–8), 2049–2071, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1455-4.
Cont. #: 3977
Santoso, A., S. McGregor, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, M.H. England, S.-I. An, M.J. McPhaden, and E. Guilyardi (2013): Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Niño propagation asymmetry and future projections. Nature, 504, 126–130, doi: 10.1038/nature12683.
Calendar Year 2012
Cont. #: 3830
Cai, W., M. Lengaigne, S. Borlace, M. Collins, T. Cowan, M.J. McPhaden, A. Timmermann, S. Power, J. Brown, C. Menkes, A. Ngari, E. Vincent, and M. Widlansky (2012): More extreme swings of the South Pacific convergence zone due to greenhouse warming. Nature, 488, 365–369, doi: 10.1038/nature11358.
Cont. #: 3759
Czeschel, R., L. Stramma, and G.C. Johnson (2012): Oxygen decreases and variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C11019, doi: 10.1029/2012JC008043.
Cont. #: 3817
Davis, R.E., W.S. Kessler, and J.T. Sherman (2012): Gliders measure western boundary current transport from the South Pacific to the equator. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42(11), 2001–2013, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-022.1.
Cont. #: 3789
Gierach, M.M., T. Lee, D. Turk, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Biological response to the 1997-98 and 2009-10 El Niño events in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(10), L10602, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051103.
Cont. #: 3814
Gnanaseelan, C., A. Deshpande, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): Impact of Indian Ocean Dipole and El Niño/Southern Oscillation forcing on the Wyrtki jets. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C08005, doi: 10.1029/2012JC007918.
Cont. #: 3707
Loeb, N.G., J.M. Lyman, G.C. Johnson, D.R. Doelling, T. Wong, R.P. Allan, B.J. Soden, and G.L. Stephens (2012): Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty. Nature Geosci., 5, 110–113, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1375.
Cont. #: 3751
Lübbecke, J., and M.J. McPhaden (2012): On the inconsistent relationship between Pacific and Atlantic Niños. J. Climate, 25(12), 4294–4303, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00553.1.
Cont. #: 3788
McPhaden, M.J. (2012): A 21st century shift in the relationship between ENSO SST anomalies and upper ocean heat content. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(9), L09706, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051826.
Cont. #: 3683
Overland, J.E., M. Wang, K.R. Wood, D.B. Percival, and N.A. Bond (2012): Recent Bering Sea warm and cold events in a 95-year context. Deep-Sea Res. II, 65–70, 6–13, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.02.013.
Cont. #: 3628
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, and M.J. McPhaden (2012): TropFlux: Air-sea fluxes for the global tropical oceans – Description and evaluation. Climate Dynam., 38(7–8), 1521–1543, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1115-0.
Calendar Year 2011
Cont. #: 3558
Delcroix, T., G. Alory, S. Cravatte, T. Corrége, and M. McPhaden (2011): A gridded data set of sea surface salinity for the tropical Pacific with sample applications (1950–2008). Deep-Sea Res. I, 58, 38–48, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.11.002.
Cont. #: 3732
McPhaden, M.J., T. Lee, and D. McClurg (2011): El Niño and its relationship to changing background conditions in the tropical Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15709, doi: 10.1029/2011GL048275.
Cont. #: 3567
Overland, J.E., K.R. Wood, and M. Wang (2011): Warm Arctic–cold continents: Impacts of the newly open Arctic Sea. Polar Res., 30, 15787, doi: 10.3402/polar.v30i0.15787.
Cont. #: 3713
Turk, D., C.S. Meinen, D. Antoine, M.J. McPhaden, and M.R. Lewis (2011): Implications of changing El Niño patterns for biological dynamics in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L23603, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049674.
Calendar Year 2010
Cont. #: 3606
Chang, Y.-T., T.Y. Tang, S.-Y. Chao, M.-H. Chang, D.S. Ko, Y.J. Yang, W.-D. Liang, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Mooring observations and numerical modeling of thermal structures in the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C10022, 19 pp, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006293.
Cont. #: 3205
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2010): Characterizing warm-ENSO variability in the equatorial Pacific: An OLR perspective. J. Climate, 23, 2428–2439, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3030.1.
Cont. #: 3554
Foltz, G.R., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Interaction between the Atlantic meridional and Niño modes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L18604, 5 pp, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044001.
Cont. #: 3568
Huang, B., Y. Xue, A. Kumar, D. Zhang, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): The NCEP GODAS ocean analysis of the tropical Pacific mixed layer heat budget on seasonal to interannual time scales. J. Climate, 23(18), 4901-4925, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3373.1.
Cont. #: 3555
Lee, T., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Increasing intensity of El Niño in the central-equatorial Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14603, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044007.
Cont. #: 3472
McPhaden, M.J., K. Ando, B. Bourlès, H.P. Freitag, R. Lumpkin, Y. Masumoto, V.S.N. Murty, P. Nobre, M. Ravichandran, J. Vialard, D. Vousden, and W. Yu (2010): The global tropical moored buoy array. doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.61, In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306.
Cont. #: 3605
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, and D.L.T. Anderson (2010): A TOGA retrospective. Oceanography, 23(3), 86-103, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2010.26.
Cont. #: 3320
Overland, J.E., J. Alheit, A. Bakun, J.W. Hurrell, D.L. Mackas, and A.J. Miller (2010): Climate controls on marine ecosystems and fish populations. J. Mar. Syst., 79(3–4), 305–315, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.12.009.
Cont. #: 3163
Radenac, M.-H., P.E. Plimpton, A. Lebourges-Dhaussy, L. Commien, and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Impact of environmental forcing on the acoustic backscattering strength in the equatorial Pacific: diurnal, lunar, intraseasonal, and interannual variability. Deep-Sea Res. I, 57(10), 1314-1328, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.06.004.
Cont. #: 3517
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2010): Surface layer heat balance in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean on interannual time scales: Influence of local versus remote wind forcing. J. Climate, 23(16), 4375-4394, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3469.1.
Calendar Year 2009
Cont. #: 3196
Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. Zhang, M. McPhaden, and J. Leloup (2009): Observed freshening and warming of the western Pacific warm pool. Climate Dynam., 33(4), 565-589, doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7.
Cont. #: 3129
Hermann, A.J., E.N. Curchitser, D.B. Haidvogel, and E.L. Dobbins (2009): A comparison of remote vs. local influence of El Niño on the coastal circulation of the northeast Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II, 56(24), 2427–2443, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.02.005.
Cont. #: 3190
Martinez, E., A. Ganachaud, J. Lefevre, and K. Maamaatuaiahutapu (2009): Central South Pacific thermocline water circulation from a high-resolution ocean model validated against satellite data: Seasonal variability and El Niño 1997–1998 influence. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C05012, doi: 10.1029/2008JC004824.
Cont. #: 3199
McPhaden, M.J., G. Meyers, K. Ando, Y. Masumoto, V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, F. Syamsudin, J. Vialard, L. Yu, and W. Yu (2009): RAMA: The research moored array for African-Asian-Australian monsoon analysis and prediction. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 90(4), 459–480, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2608.1.
Cont. #: 3054
Takahashi, T., S.C. Sutherland, R. Wanninkhof, C. Sweeney, R.A. Feely, D.W. Chipman, B. Hales, G. Friederich, F. Chavez, C. Sabine, A. Watson, D.C.E. Bakker, U. Schuster, N. Metzl, H. Yoshikawa-Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Midorikawa, Y. Nojiri, A. Körtzinger, T. Steinhoff, M. Hopemma, J. Olafsson, T.S. Arnarson, B. Tilbrook, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, R. Bellerby, C.S. Wong, B. Delille, N.R. Bates, and H.J.W. de Baar (2009): Climatological mean and decadal change in surface ocean pCO2, and net sea-air CO2 flux over the global oceans. Deep-Sea Res. II, 56(8–10), 554–577, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.009.
Calendar Year 2008
Cont. #: 3204
Chiodi, A.M., and D.E. Harrison (2008): Characterizing the interannual variability of the equatorial Pacific: An OLR perspective. NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR PMEL-140, NTIS: PB2008-112890, Seattle, WA, 30 pp. [PDF Version]
Cont. #: 3094
Christian, J.R., R.A. Feely, M. Ishii, R. Murtugudde, and X. Wang (2008): Testing an ocean carbon model with observed sea surface pCO2 and dissolved inorganic carbon in the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C07047, doi: 10.1029/2007JC004428.
Cont. #: 3201
Liebmann, B., I. Bladé, N.A. Bond, D. Gochis, D. Allured, and G.T. Bates (2008): Characteristics of North American summertime rainfall with emphasis on the monsoon. J. Climate, 21(6), 1277–1294, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1762.1.
Cont. #: 3212
Lyman, J.M., and G.C. Johnson (2008): Equatorial Kelvin Wave influences may reach the Bering Sea during 2002 to 2005. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L14607, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034761.
Cont. #: 3119
McPhaden, M.J. (2008): Evolution of the 2006–2007 El Niño: The role of intraseasonal to interannual time scale dynamics. Adv. Geophys., 14, 219–230, doi: 10.5194/adgeo-14-219-2008.
Cont. #: 3080
McPhaden, M.J., M.F. Cronin, and D.C. McClurg (2008): Meridional structure of the seasonally varying mixed layer temperature balance in the eastern tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 21(13), 3240–3260, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI2115.1.
Cont. #: 3106
Meredith, M.P., A.C. Naveira Garabato, A.L. Gordon, and G.C. Johnson (2008): Evolution of the deep and bottom waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995–2005. J. Climate, 21, 3327–3343, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI2238.1.
Cont. #: 3120
Yoneyama, K., Y. Masumoto, Y. Kuroda, M. Katsumata, K. Mizuno, Y.N. Takayabu, M. Yoshizaki, A. Shareef, Y. Fujiyoshi, M.J. McPhaden, V.S.N. Murty, R. Shirooka, K. Yasunaga, H. Yamada, N. Sato, T. Ushiyama, Q. Moteki, A. Seiki, M. Fujita, K. Ando, H. Hase, I. Ueki, T. Horii, C. Yokoyama, and T. Miyakawa (2008): MISMO field experiment in the Equatorial Indian Ocean. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 89(12), 1889–1903, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2519.1.
Cont. #: 3086
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2008): Eastern Equatorial Pacific forcing of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 21(22), 6070–6079, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2422.1.
Calendar Year 2007
Cont. #: 2970
Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M.J. McPhaden (2007): Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03012, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003801.
Cont. #: 3070
Ganachaud, A., W. Kessler, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, M. Bowen, P. Sutton, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, and T. Aung (2007): Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment (SPICE)—Part I. Scientific Background. International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 111, NOAA OAR Special Report, NTIS: PB2007-111469, 37 pp. [PDF Version]
Calendar Year 2006
Cont. #: 2754
Bennett, A.F., B.S. Chua, H.-E. Ngodock, D.E. Harrison, and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Generalized inversion of the Gent-Cane model of the tropical Pacific with Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) data. J. Mar. Res., 64(1), 1–42, doi: 10.1357/002224006776412313.
Cont. #: 2565
Bond, N.A., and D.E. Harrison (2006): ENSO's effect on Alaska during opposite phases of the Arctic Oscillation. Int. J. Climatol., 26(13), 1821–1841, doi: 10.1002/joc.1339.
Cont. #: 2775
Chang, P., T. Yamagata, P. Schopf, S.K. Behera, J. Carton, W.S. Kessler, G. Meyers, T. Qu, F. Schott, S. Shetye, and S.-P. Xie (2006): Climate fluctuations of the tropical coupled system—The role of ocean dynamics. J. Climate, 19(20), 5122–5174, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3903.1.
Cont. #: 2889
Duffy-Anderson, J.T., M.S. Busby, K.L. Mier, C.M. Deliyanides, and P.J. Stabeno (2006): Spatial and temporal patterns in summer ichthyoplankton assemblages on the eastern Bering Sea shelf 1996–2000. Fish. Oceanogr., 15(1), 80–94, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2419.2005.00348.x.
Cont. #: 2915
Maes, C., K. Ando, T. Delcroix, W.S. Kessler, M.J. McPhaden, and D. Roemmich (2006): Observed correlation of surface salinity, temperature and barrier layer at the eastern edge of the western Pacific warm pool. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06601, 4 pp, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024772.
Cont. #: 2840
McPhaden, M.J. (2006): El Niño and Ocean Observations: A personal history. Chapter 6 in Physical Oceanography, Developments Since 1950, M. Jochum and R. Murtugudde (eds.), Springer, New York, 79–99.
Cont. #: 2969
McPhaden, M.J., S.E. Zebiak, and M.H. Glantz (2006): ENSO as an integrating concept in earth science. Science, 314(5806), 1740–1745, doi: 10.1126/science.1132588.
Cont. #: 2833
Park, G.-H., K. Lee, R. Wanninkhof, and R.A. Feely (2006): Empirical temperature-based estimates of variability in the oceanic uptake of CO2 over the last two decades. J. Geophys. Res., 111(C7), C07S0, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003090.
Cont. #: 2901
Sabine, C.L., and N. Gruber (2006): Introduction to special section: North Pacific Carbon Cycle Variability and Climate Change. J. Geophys. Res., 111(C7), C07S01, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003532.
Cont. #: 2624
Vecchi, G.A., and D.E. Harrison (2006): The termination of the 1997–98 El Niño. Part I: Mechanisms of oceanic change. J. Climate, 19(12), 2633–2646, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3776.1.
Cont. #: 2849
Zhang, X., and M.J. McPhaden (2006): Wind stress variations and interannual sea surface temperature anomalies in the eastern equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 19(2), 226–241, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3618.1.
Calendar Year 2005
Cont. #: 2815
Curchitser, E.N., D.B. Haidvogel, A.J. Hermann, E.L. Dobbins, T.M. Powell, and A. Kaplan (2005): Multi-scale modeling of the North Pacific Ocean: Assessment and analysis of simulated basin-scale variability (1996–2003). J. Geophys. Res., 110(C11), C11021, doi: 10.1029/2005JC002902.
Cont. #: 2698
Delcroix, T., M.J. McPhaden, A. Dessier, and Y. Gouriou (2005): Time and space scales for sea surface temperature in the tropical oceans. Deep-Sea Res. Part I, 52(5), 787–813, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2004.11.012.
Cont. #: 2580
Kessler, W.S. (2005): The circulation of the eastern tropical Pacific: A review. Prog. Oceanogr., 69, 181–217, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2006.03.009.
Cont. #: 2834
Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison (2005): Global seasonal temperature and precipitation anomalies during El Niño autumn and winter. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L16705, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022860.
Cont. #: 2735
Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison (2005): On the definition of El Niño and associated seasonal average U.S. weather anomalies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(13), L13705, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022738.
Cont. #: 2841
Levinson (ed.), D.H., P. Ambenje, O. Baddour, G.I. Belchansky, G.D. Bell, M. Chelliah, M.S. Halpert, K. Mo, W.M. Thiaw, M.A. Bell, S.J. Camargo, E.K. Grover-Kopec, E. Blake, R. Pasch, J.E. Box, O.N. Bulygina, N.N. Korshunova, V. Razuvaev, J.C. Christy, E.R. Cook, M.C. Váquez, B.C. Douglas, D.C. Douglas, S.D. Drobot, C.M. Eakin, C. Woodhouse, R.A. Feely, M.J. McPhaden, M.A. Fortune, B. Garanganga, K.L. Gleason, J.H. Lawrence, D.H. Levinson, M.J. Menne, R.W. Reynolds, S.E. Stephens, A.M. Waple, S. Goldenberg, C. Landsea, J. Kennedy, C. Kocot, D. Phillips, R. Whitewood, K.R. Kumar, W. Landman, N. Maximenko, L. Miller, P. Niiler, L. Talley, A.K. Njogu, F. Rahimzadeh, M. Rajeevan, J. Richter-Menge, E. Rignot, I.G. Rigor, D.A. Robinson, M. Rusticucci, M.J. Salinger, R.C. Schnell, R.S. Stone, D. Stanitski, A. Taghipour, R. Wanninkhof, A.B. Watkins, B. Trewin, P. Zhai, and X. Zou (2005): State of the climate in 2004. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86(6), S1–S86, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-86-6-Levinson.
Calendar Year 2004
Cont. #: 2547
Feely, R.A., R. Wanninkhof, W. McGillis, M.-E. Carr, and C.E. Cosca (2004): Effects of wind-speed and gas exchange parameterizations on the air-sea CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 109(C8), C08S03, doi: 10.1029/2003JC001896.
Cont. #: 2584
McPhaden, M.J. (2004): Evolution of the 2002/03 El Niño. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85(5), 677–695, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-85-5-677.
Cont. #: 2725
Rajeevan, M., and M.J. McPhaden (2004): Tropical Pacific upper ocean heat content variations and Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L18203, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020631.
Cont. #: 2518
Vecchi, G.A., and D.E. Harrison (2004): Interannual Indian rainfall variability and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies. In Earth Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J.A. Carton (eds.), Geophysical Monograph 147, American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C., 247–260.
Cont. #: 2636
Wang, O., I. Fukumori, T. Lee, and G.C. Johnson (2004): Eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean T-S variations with El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(4), L04305, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019087.
Calendar Year 2003
Cont. #: 2213
Cosca, C.E., R.A. Feely, J. Boutin, J. Etcheto, M.J. McPhaden, F.P. Chavez, and P.G. Strutton (2003): Seasonal and interannual CO2 fluxes for the central and equatorial Pacific Ocean as determined from fCO2-SST relationships. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C8), 3278, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000677.
Cont. #: 2548
McPhaden, M.J. (2003): Tropical Pacific Ocean heat content variations and ENSO persistence barriers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(9), 1480, doi: 10.1029/2003GL016872.
Cont. #: 2567
Vecchi, G.A., and D.E. Harrison (2003): On the termination of the 2002–03 El Niño event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(18), 1964, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017564.
Calendar Year 2002
Cont. #: 2442
Cronin, M.F., N. Bond, C. Fairall, J. Hare, M.J. McPhaden, and R.A. Weller (2002): Enhanced oceanic and atmospheric monitoring underway in Eastern Pacific. Eos Trans. AGU, 83(19), 205, 210–211, doi: 10.1029/2002EO000137.
Cont. #: 2246
Cronin, M.F., and W.S. Kessler (2002): Seasonal and interannual modulation of mixed layer variability at 0°, 110°W. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 49(1), 1–17, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00043-7.
Cont. #: 2376
Delcroix, T., and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Interannual sea surface salinity and temperature changes in the western Pacific warm pool during 1992–2000. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8002, doi: 10.1029/2001JC000862.
Cont. #: 2210
Feely, R.A., J. Boutin, C.E. Cosca, Y. Dandonneau, J. Etcheto, H.Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, C. Le Quere, D. Mackey, M. McPhaden, N. Metzl, A. Poisson, and R. Wanninkhof (2002): Seasonal and interannual variability of CO2 in the equatorial Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 49(13–14), 2443–2469, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00044-9.
Cont. #: 2337
Johnson, G.C., B.M. Sloyan, W.S. Kessler, and K.E. McTaggart (2002): Direct measurements of upper ocean currents and water properties across the tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1990's. Prog. Oceanogr., 52(1), 31–61, doi: 10.1016/S0079-6611(02)00021-6.
Cont. #: 2484
Kessler, W.S. (2002): Is ENSO a cycle or a series of events? Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(23), 2125, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015924.
Cont. #: 2277
Kutsuwada, K., and M.J. McPhaden (2002): Intraseasonal variations in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean prior to and during the 1997–98 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32(4), 1133–1149, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<1133:IVITUE>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2369
Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison (2002): ENSO warm (El Niño) and cold (La Niña) event life cycles: Ocean surface anomaly patterns, their symmetries, asymmetries, and implications. J. Climate, 15(10), 1118–1140, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<1118:EWENOA>2.
Cont. #: 2330
Le Borgne, R., R.A. Feely, and D.J. Mackey (2002): Carbon fluxes in the equatorial Pacific: A synthesis of the JGOFS programme. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 49(13–14), 2425–2442, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00043-7.
Cont. #: 2177
Maes, C., M.J. McPhaden, and D. Behringer (2002): Signatures of salinity variability in tropical Pacific Ocean dynamic height anomalies. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8012, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000737.
Cont. #: 2281
Takahashi, T., S.C. Sutherland, C. Sweeney, A. Poisson, N. Metzl, B. Tilbrook, N. Bates, R. Wanninkhof, R.A. Feely, C. Sabine, J. Olafsson, and Y. Nojiri (2002): Global sea-air CO2 flux based on climatological surface ocean pCO2, and seasonal biological and temperature effects. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 49(9–10), 1601–1622, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00003-6.
Calendar Year 2001
Cont. #: 2113
Harrison, D.E., and G.A. Vecchi (2001): El Niño and La Niña — equatorial Pacific thermocline depth and sea surface temperature anomalies, 1986–1998. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(6), 1051–1054, doi: 10.1029/1999GL011307.
Cont. #: 2239
Kelly, K.A., S. Dickinson, M.J. McPhaden, and G.C. Johnson (2001): Ocean currents evident in satellite wind data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(12), 2469–2472, doi: 10.1029/2000GL012610.
Cont. #: 2207
Kessler, W.S. (2001): EOF representations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation and its connection with ENSO. J. Climate, 14(13), 3055–3061, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3055:EROTMJ>2.
Cont. #: 2368
Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison (2001): Tropical Pacific ENSO cold events, 1946–95: SST, SLP, and surface wind composite anomalies. J. Climate, 14(19), 3904–3931, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3904:TPECES>2.
Cont. #: 2163
Meinen, C.S., and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Interannual variability in warm water volume transports in the equatorial Pacific during 1993–99. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(5), 1324–1345, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1324:IVIWWV>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1967
Overland, J.E., N.A. Bond, and J.M. Adams (2001): North Pacific atmospheric and SST anomalies in 1997: Links to ENSO? Fish. Oceanogr., 10(1), 69–80, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2419.2001.00154.x.
Cont. #: 2144
Shapiro, M.A., H. Wernli, N.A. Bond, and R. Langland (2001): The influence of the 1997–99 El Niño Southern Oscillation on extratropical baroclinic life cycles over the eastern North Pacific. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 127(572), 331–342, doi: 10.1002/qj.49712757205.
Cont. #: 2278
Turk, D., M.J. McPhaden, A.J. Busalacchi, and M.R. Lewis (2001): Remotely sensed biological production in the equatorial Pacific. Science, 293, 471–474, doi: 10.1126/science.1056449.
Cont. #: 2176
Vialard, J., C. Menkes, J.-P. Boulanger, P. Delecluse, E. Guilyardi, M.J. McPhaden, and G. Madec (2001): A model study of oceanic mechanisms affecting equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature during the 1997–98 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31(7), 1649–1675, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<1649:AMSOOM>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2276
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (2001): Surface layer temperature balance in the equatorial Pacific during the 1997–98 El Niño and 1998–99 La Niña. J. Climate, 14(16), 3393–3407, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3393:SLTBIT>2.
Calendar Year 2000
Cont. #: 2220
Harrison, D.E., G.A. Vecchi, and R.H. Weisberg (2000): Eastward surface jets in the central equatorial Pacific, November 1992–March 1992. J. Mar. Res., 58(5), 735–754, doi: 10.1357/002224000321358882.
Cont. #: 2093
Johnson, G.C., M.J. McPhaden, G.D. Rowe, and K.E. McTaggart (2000): Upper equatorial Pacific ocean current and salinity variability during the 1996–1998 El Niño–La Niña cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 105(C1), 1037–1053, doi: 10.1029/1999JC900280.
Cont. #: 2051
Kessler, W.S., and R. Kleeman (2000): Rectification of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the ENSO cycle. J. Climate, 13(20), 3560–3575, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3560:ROTMJO>2.
Cont. #: 2141
McPhaden, M.J., T. Delcroix, K. Hanawa, Y. Kuroda, G. Meyers, J. Picaut, and M. Swenson (2000): The ENSO observing system. In Proceedings of the International Conference on The Ocean Observing System for Climate, Session 2A, Saint-Raphael, France, 18–22 October 1999, 14 pp.
Cont. #: 2119
Meinen, C.S., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): Observations of warm water volume changes in the equatorial Pacific and their relationship to El Niño and La Niña. J. Climate, 13(20), 3551–3559, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3551:OOWWVC>2.
Cont. #: 2166
Min, D.-H., J.L. Bullister, and R.F. Weiss (2000): Constant ventilation age of thermocline water in the eastern subtropical North Pacific Ocean from chlorofluorocarbon measurements over a 12-year period. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(23), 3909–3912, doi: 10.1029/1999GL011318.
Cont. #: 2110
Moore, C.W., D.C. McClurg, N.N. Soreide, A.J. Hermann, C.M. Lascara, and G.H. Wheless (2000): Exploring 3-dimensional oceanographic data sets on the web using Virtual Reality Modeling Language. In Proceedings of Oceans '99 MTS/IEEE Conference, Seattle, WA, 13–16 September 2000, on CD.
Cont. #: 2150
Moore, C.W., N.N. Soreide, A. Hermann, C. Lascara, and G. Wheless (2000): VRML techniques and tours: 3D experiences of oceans and atmospheres. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on IIPS for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, 9–14 January 2000, 436–438.
Cont. #: 2000
Vecchi, G.A., and D.E. Harrison (2000): Tropical Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies, El Niño, and equatorial westerly wind events. J. Climate, 13(11), 1814–1830, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<1814:TPSSTA>2.
Cont. #: 2047
Wang, W., and M.J. McPhaden (2000): The surface-layer heat balance in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Part II: Interannual variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30(11), 2989–3008, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<2989:TSLHBI>2.0.CO;2.
Calendar Year 1999
Cont. #: 2095
Chavez, F.P., P.G. Strutton, G.E. Friederich, R.A. Feely, G. Feldman, D. Foley, and M.J. McPhaden (1999): Biological and chemical response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to the 1997–1998 El Niño. Science, 286(5447), 2126–2131, doi: 10.1126/science.286.5447.2126.
Cont. #: 1868
Feely, R.A., R. Wanninkhof, T. Takahashi, and P. Tans (1999): Influence of El Niño on the equatorial Pacific contribution of atmospheric CO2 accumulation. Nature, 398, 597–601, doi: 10.1038/19273. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2059
Harrison, D.E., and G.A. Vecchi (1999): On the termination of El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(11), 1593–1596, doi: 10.1029/1999GL900316.
Cont. #: 1976
Kessler, W.S. (1999): Interannual variability of the subsurface high salinity tongue south of the equator at 165°E. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29(8), 2038–2049, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<2038:IVOTSH>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 2029
McPhaden, M.J. (1999): Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño. Science, 283, 950–954, doi: 10.1126/science.283.5404.950. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2071
McPhaden, M.J., and X. Yu (1999): Equatorial waves and the 1997–98 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(19), 2961–2964, doi: 10.1029/1999GL004901.
Calendar Year 1998
Cont. #: 1998
Chavez, F.P., P.G. Strutton, and M.J. McPhaden (1998): Biological-physical coupling in the central equatorial Pacific during the onset of the 1997–1998 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(19), 3543–3546, doi: 10.1029/98GL02729.
Cont. #: 1818
Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin (1998): El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature and wind anomalies, 1946–1993. Rev. Geophys., 36(3), 353–399, doi: 10.1029/98RG00715.
Cont. #: 1965
Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin (1998): Seasonal U.S. temperature and precipitation anomalies associated with El Niño: Historical results and comparison with 1997–1998. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(21), 3959–3962, doi: 10.1029/1998GL900061. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 1720
McPhaden, M.J., A.J. Busalacchi, R. Cheney, J.-R. Donguy, K.S. Gage, D. Halpern, M. Ji, P. Julian, G. Meyers, G.T. Mitchum, P.P. Niiler, J. Picaut, R.W. Reynolds, N. Smith, and K. Takeuchi (1998): The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere observing system: A decade of progress. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C7), 14,169–14,240, doi: 10.1029/97JC02906. [Full Text]
Cont. #: 2033
Servain, J., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, A.D. Moura, G. Reverdin, M. Vianna, and S.E. Zebiak (1998): A pilot research moored array in the tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 79(10), 2019–2031, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<2019:APRMAI>2.0.CO;2.
Cont. #: 1862
Stockdale, T.N., A.J. Busalacchi, D.E. Harrison, and R. Seager (1998): Ocean modeling for ENSO. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C7), 14,325–14,355, doi: 10.1029/97JC02440.
Calendar Year 1997
Cont. #: 1697
Ando, K., and M.J. McPhaden (1997): Variability of surface layer hydrography in the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 102(C10), 23,063–23,078, doi: 10.1029/97JC01443.
Cont. #: 1812
Bates, T.S., and P.K. Quinn (1997): Dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to1996): Evidence of a climate feedback? Geophys. Res. Lett., 24(8), 861–864, doi: 10.1029/97GL00784.
Cont. #: 1650
Doney, S.C., W.J. Jenkins, and J.L. Bullister (1997): A comparison of ocean tracer dating techniques on a meridional section in the eastern North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., 44, 603–626, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(96)00105-7.
Cont. #: 1734
Feely, R.A., R. Wanninkhof, C. Goyet, D.E. Archer, and T. Takahashi (1997): Variability of CO2 distributions and sea-air fluxes in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific during the 1991–1994 El Niño. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 44(9–10), 1851–1867, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(97)00061-1.
Cont. #: 1795
Soreide, N.N. (1997): NOAA theme pages link widely distributed environmental data and information on the World Wide Web. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, 2–7 February 1997, 196–198.
Cont. #: 1798
Soreide, N.N. (1997): World Wide Web access to TAO and hydrographic data. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Ocean Climate Variations from Seasons to Decades with Special Emphasis on Pacific Ocean Buoy Network, JAMSTEC, Mutsu, Japan, 29–31 May 1996, 339–345.
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