National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2019

Observing changes in ocean carbonate chemistry: Our autonomous future

Bushinsky, S.M., Y. Takeshita, and N.L. Williams

Curr. Clim. Change Rep., doi: 10.1007/s40641-019-00129-8, View online (open access) (2019)

Purpose of Review: We summarize recent progress on autonomous observations of ocean carbonate chemistry and the development of a network of sensors capable of observing carbonate processes at multiple temporal and spatial scales.

Recent Findings: The development of versatile pH sensors suitable for both deployment on autonomous vehicles and in compact, fixed ecosystem observatories has been a major development in the field. The initial large-scale deployment of profiling floats equipped with these new pH sensors in the Southern Ocean has demonstrated the feasibility of a global autonomous open-ocean carbonate observing system.

Summary: Our developing network of autonomous carbonate observations is currently targeted at surface ocean CO2 fluxes and compact ecosystem observatories. New integration of developed sensors on gliders and surface vehicles will increase our coastal and regional observational capability. Most autonomous platforms observe a single carbonate parameter, which leaves us reliant on the use of empirical relationships to constrain the rest of the carbonate system. Sensors now in development promise the ability to observe multiple carbonate system parameters from a range of vehicles in the near future.

Feature Publications | Outstanding Scientific Publications

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