National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2012

Fluid and gas fluxes from the Logatchev hydrothermal vent area

Schmale, O., M. Walter, J. Schneider von Deimling, J. Sültenfuß, S. Walker, G. Rehder, and R. Keir

Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13, Q07007, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004158 (2012)

The Logatchev hydrothermal field at 14°45′N on the MAR is characterized by gas plumes that are enriched in methane and helium compared to the oceanic background. We investigated CH4 concentration and δ13C together with δ3He in the water column of that region. These data and turbidity measurements indicate that apart from the known vent fields, another vent site exists northeast of the vent field Logatchev 1. The distribution of methane and 3He concentrations along two sections were used in combination with current measurements from lowered acoustic Doppler current profilers (LADCP) to calculate the horizontal plume fluxes of these gases. According to these examinations 0.02 μmol s−1 of 3He and 0.21 mol s−1 of methane are transported in a plume that flows into a southward direction in the central part of the valley. Based on 3He measurements of vent fluid (22 ± 6 pM), we estimate a total vent flux in this region of about 900 L s−1 and a total flux of CH4 of 3.2 mol s−1.

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