National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2000

In situ ground deformation measurements from the summit of Axial Volcano during the 1998 volcanic episode

Fox, C.G.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(23), 3437–3440, doi: 10.1029/1999GL900491 (1999)

Since September 1987, seafloor instrumentation monitoring ground deformation has been maintained on the summit of Axial Volcano on the central Juan de Fuca Ridge. During a January 1998 volcanic episode, pressure records from the central caldera showed a significant increase in pressure, indicating caldera subsidence of over 3 m. This observed subsidence is interpreted to represent volcanic deflation as magma is erupted and/or injected into the volcanic flanks. Temperature anomalies of nearly 0.45°C were also observed. A comparison of the subsidence record with hydroacoustic recordings indicates a continuous volcanic tremor signal coincident with the subsidence event. The time-coincidence of subsidence of the summit caldera with migration of epicenters into the volcanic rift zones confirms that during the 1998 episode, the volcanic flanks were supplied by lateral dike injection from a central magma body, rather than locally derived magma sources.

Feature Publications | Outstanding Scientific Publications

Contact Sandra Bigley |