National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 1998

Deep-ocean assessment and reporting of tsunamis (DART): Brief overview and status report

González, F.I., H.M. Milburn, E.N. Bernard, and J. Newman

In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tsunami Disaster Mitigation, Tokyo, Japan, 19–22 January 1998, 118–129 (1998)

As part of the U.S. National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, the DART Project is an effort by the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to develop a capability for real-time reporting of tsunami measurements in the deep ocean. The systems utilize bottom pressure recorders (BPRs) capable of detecting and measuring tsunamis with amplitude as small as 1 cm in 6000 m of water. The data are transmitted by acoustic modem to a surface buoy, which then relays the information to a ground station via satellite telecommunications. This concept has been proven through several deep ocean deployments of prototype systems that provided extended periods of excellent data return. Design improvements in the next generation of systems will reduce the high data losses experienced during other periods. A planned network of six buoys in the north Pacific and equatorial region focuses on the hazard to U.S. coastal communities. Once this technology matures, consideration should be given to a coordinated international effort to establish additional stations of direct benefit to other Pacific Rim countries.

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