National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 1997

North Pacific Ocean CO2 disequilibrium for spring through summer, 1985–1989

Landrum, L.L., R.H. Gammon, R.A. Feely, P.P. Murphy, K.C. Kelly, C.E. Cosca, and R.F. Weiss

J. Geophys. Res., 101(C12), 28,539–28,555, doi: 10.1029/96JC02100 (1996)

Extensive measurements of CO fugacity in the North Pacific surface ocean and overlying atmosphere during the years 1985-1989 are synthesized and interpreted to yield a basin-wide estimate of fCO. The observations, taken from February through early September, suggest that the subtropical and subarctic North Pacific is a small sink for atmospheric CO (0.07 to 0.2 Gton C (half year) for the region north of 15°N). Objective analysis techniques are used to estimate uncertainty fields resulting from constructing basin-wide contours of oceanic fCO on the basis of individual cruise transects. The uncertainties are significant and imply that future sampling programs need to recognize that estimating oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO from ship-transect observations of oceanic fCO alone will require very extensive sampling.

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