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FY 1997

West coast tides during Cascadia Subduction Zone tsunamis

Mofjeld, H.O., M.G.G. Foreman, and A. Ruffman

Geophys. Res. Lett., 24(17), doi: 10.1029/97GL02060, 2215–2218 (1997)

Low, neap tides occurred along the West Coast of the United States and Canada around 0500 UT January 27, 1700, a time for the last major Cascadia earthquake/tsunami based on teletsunami arrival times in Japan [Satake et al., 1996]. However, high-range perigean spring tides occurred only a week later, illustrating how accurately occurrence times must be known to constrain the region's background water levels during such events. The ranges of background water levels increase northward from 3 m at Monterey to 8.5 m at Queen Charlotte, as estimated from the amplitudes of perigean spring tides and subtidal winter fluctuations.

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