PMEL Tropical Moored Buoy Array technicians Patrick Berk and Bill Higley recently completed a collaborative RAMA cruise aboard Indonesian Research Vessel Baruna Jaya 1. While in Indonesia, they participated in formal ceremonies celebrating the pending bilateral agreement between PMEL and Indonesia's meteorology and climatology agency, BMKG. This cruise marked a new phase of U.S. – Indonesian cooperation to better understand ocean-climate variability and how it affects the planet, and builds on years of cooperation between the two countries.
The RAMA array of surface and subsurface moorings in the Indian Ocean complements NOAA’s tropical moored arrays in the Atlantic Ocean, the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA), and in Pacific Ocean, the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array, and Japans Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TRITON). RAMA will improve description, understanding, and prediction of Asian monsoons, which affect one third of the world’s population. Learn more about the Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array group.
PMEL in the News
On a bitterly cold February morning in 1972, a young graduate student at Texas A&M University boarded the research vessel Alaminos in Galveston, Texas, and headed out into the Gulf of Mexico. It was Richard Feely’s first time at sea. It was also the first time the 25-year-old
Three thousand meters beneath the sea! 3,000m! That’s almost two miles deep (1.87 miles to be exact). The finalist teams in the Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE have gone down to an incredible depth not once, but twice now, and recorded pH measurements from that full water column.
Clouds, which cover about 60% of the Earth at any given time, have a large impact on the planet’s radiation balance by reflecting solar radiation back to space and trapping infrared radiation emitted by the surface. Clouds only form through the condensation of water vapor onto atmospheric particulates known as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Whether a particle is able to act as a CCN depends on its size and chemical composition. Optically thin clouds that persist in marine regions are... more