National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce
Australia drought by Gerald Simmons
Blanco Texas flooding Jun 3 2015 Urban_Search_and_Rescue_team,_Texas_Task_Force_2_and_members_of_the_Texas_State_Guard by Jocelyn Augustino from FEMA
Australia Night Fire by Sascha Grant

What's New

July 26, 2021
orange sailing drone in on the water with some waves sailing in front of San Francisco bluffs
July 26, 2021

As the western U.S. experiences record shattering heat waves, mega droughts and the eastern tropical Pacific started its 2021 hurricane season with the earliest tropical storm (Andres) on record going back to the early 1970s, two Uncrewed Surface Vehicle (USV) saildrones were launched on July 23, 2021 from Alameda, CA on a research mission to the eastern tropical Pacific.

The eastern tropical Pacific is a key region for hurricane genesis and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) development. The ENSO cycle not only modulates hurricane genesis in the eastern tropical Pacific and the tropical Atlantic, but also affects the global marine ecosystem and weather patterns on land. The hurricanes and tropical cyclones generated in the... more

In the News

November 09, 2020

A new book highlights research progress on El Niño Southern Oscillation dynamics and impacts and how they may change in a warmer world. McPhaden is a co-editor.

May 07, 2020

Climate change could trigger an ancient El Niño-like pattern in the Indian Ocean that would create extreme weather such as floods, storms and droughts across the globe.... more

May 06, 2020

Global warming is approaching a tipping point that during this century could reawaken an ancient climate pattern similar to El Niño in the Indian Ocean, new research led... more