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TAO Tropical moored buoy implementation panel


The Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP) will be responsible for development, co-ordination, and implementation of moored buoy programs in the tropical ocean regions as part of an integrated approach to observing the climate system to address the research needs of CLIVAR and the operational strategies of GOOS and GCOS.

TIP proceedings and reports

Proceedings of TIP-11, Jakarta, Indonesia, Oct 2012

Report to 4th JCOMM OCG Session, Hobart, Australia, Apr 2011 PPT format

Proceedings of TIP-10 and report to 26th DBCP Session, Oban, UK, Sept 2010 PPT format
Report to 25th DBCP Session, Paris, France, Sept 2009 PPT format
Report to 24th DBCP Session, Cape Town, S. Africa, Oct 2008 PPT format
Report to 23rd DBCP Session, Jeju, S.Korea, Oct 2007 PPT format
Report to 22nd DBCP Session, San Diego CA, US, Oct 2006 PPT format
Report to JSC-XXVII, February 2006 PPT format
Report to 21st DBCP Session, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Oct 2005 PPT format
Report to JSC-XXVI, February 2005 PPT format
Report to CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observation Panel (GSOP), Boulder, CO US, Nov 2004 PDF format
Report to OOPC-8, Ottawa, Canada,
Sept 2003 PDF format
Report to CLIVAR SSG-12, Victoria, BC, Canada, May 2003 PDF format
Report to CLIVAR SSG-11, Xian, China,
May 2002

The TIP will serve the needs of GOOS and GCOS in its role as an Action Group of the Data Buoy Cooperation Panel (DBCP) and as an integral component of the Data Buoy Observations Team within the Observations Program Area of the Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM). The TIP will also co-ordinate tropical moored buoy program implementation on behalf of CLIVAR and, in particular, provide oversight and co-ordination for experimental pilot arrays.

The Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel replaces the TAO Implementation Panel (also designated as TIP) which was decommissioned in 2001.

Terms of reference

The terms of reference for the Panel are:

  1. To promote an integrated approach to moored buoy observations of the climate system in the tropics, through development of common calibration standards, sampling, and reporting procedures, and through co-ordination with other CLIVAR, GOOS, and GCOS panels involved with observing system maintenance and development.
  2. To assist in the preparation of annual operating plans for the TAO/TRITON array, PIRATA array, and related moored buoy arrays in the tropical oceans.
  3. To promote and co-ordinate the exchange of technical and logistic information between institutions participating in the maintenance of these arrays.
  4. To encourage the rapid dissemination of moored buoy data in real time via the Global Telecommunications System and other mechanisms of the Data Management Program Area of JCOMM; and to encourage user feedback on the timeliness, accuracy, and utility of the data,
  5. To advise CLIVAR and GOOS/GCOS (via the JCOMM Observation Program Area) on the technical feasibility of expansions and enhancements to existing program, or the implementation of new moored buoy programmes in the tropics and adjoining areas.
  6. To facilitate capacity building at institutions seeking involvement in the deployment and maintenance of moored buoy arrays in support of CLIVAR, GOOS, and GCOS, in co-ordination with the Education, Training and Capacity Program Area of JCOMM.
  7. To ensure that organizations actively involved in the use of moored buoy data are informed of the workings of the panel and to encourage, as appropriate, their participation in the panel deliberations.
  8. To report annually to the CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observations (GSOP) Panel, the GOOS/GCOS/WCRP Ocean Observations Panel for Climate (OOPC), to the Data Buoy Co-operation Panel, and to JCOMM through the Data Buoy Observations Team.


Membership will be open to all participants engaged in the tropical moored buoy programs. To ensure proper co-ordination with CLIVAR research initiatives, up to four experts will be nominated by CLIVAR to attend TIP meetings. The Chair shall be appointed through an agreement between the sponsoring groups (CLIVAR and JCOMM). Currently, M. McPhaden (NOAA/PMEL, USA) is chairman of the panel and K. Ando (JAMSTEC, Japan) is vice-chair.


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