U.S. Dept. of Commerce / NOAA / OAR / PMEL / Publications
Barnett, T.P., 1985: Variations in near-global sea level pressure. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 478-501.
Bjerknes, J., 1966: A possible response of the atmospheric Hadley circulation to equatorial anomalies of ocean temperature. Tellus, 18, 820-829
_____, 1969: Atmospheric teleconnections from the equatorial Pacific. Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 163-172.
Cadet, D.L., 1985: The Southern Oscillation over the Indian Ocean. J. Climatol., 5, 189-212.
Chelton, D.B., and R.E. Davis. 1982: Monthly mean sea-level variability along the west coast of North America. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12, 757-783.
Deser, C., and J.M. Wallace, 1987: El Niņo events and their relationship to the Southern Oscillation: 1925-1986. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 14 189-14 196.
_____, and J.M. Wallace, 1990: Large-scale atmospheric circulation features of warm and cold episodes in the tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 3, 1254-1280.
Efron, B. and R. Tibshirani, 1991: Statistical data analysis in the computer age. Science, 253, 390-395.
Gutzler, D.S., and D.E.Harrison, 1987: The structure and evolution of seasonal wind anomalies over the near-equatorial eastern Indian and western Pacific oceans. Monthly Wea. Rev., 115, 169-192.
Harrison, D.E., and D.S. Luther, 1990: Surface winds from tropical Pacific islands--climatological statistics. J. Clim., 3, 251-271.
_____, and N.K. Larkin, 1996: The near-global COADS SST and surface wind signal: El Niņo composite and time series results, 1946-1993. Rev. Geophys., in press.
Kiladis, G.N. and H. van Loon, 1988: The Southern Oscillation. Part VII: Meteorological anomalies over the Indian and Pacific sectors associated with the extremes of the oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 120-136.
Larkin, N.K. and D.E. Harrison, 1996: An atlas of the COADS sea-level pressure signal: A near-global El Niņo composite and time series, 1946-1993. NOAA Tech. Memo., in press.
Livezey, R.E. and W.Y. Chen, 1983: Statistical field significance and its determination by Monte Carlo techniques. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 46-59.
McBride, J.L. and N. Nicholls, 1983: Seasonal relationships between Australian rainfall and the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1998-2004.
Philander, S.G., 1990: El Niņo, La Nina, and the Southern Oscillation. Academic Press, 293pp.
Rasmusson, E.M. and T.H. Carpenter, 1982: Variation in tropical sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the Southern Oscillation/ El Niņo. Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 354-384.
_____, and J.M. Wallace, 1983: Meteorological aspects of the El Niņo/ Southern Oscillation. Science, 2, 220, 1195-1202.
Slutz, R.J., S.J. Lubker, J.D. Hiscox, S.D. Woodruff, R.L. Jenne, D.H. Joseph,
P.M. Steuer, J.D. Elms, 1985: Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set: Release
NOAA Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, 268 pp.
Taylor, R.C. 1973: An Atlas of Pacific Islands Rainfall. Hawaii Institute of Geophysics data report, HIG-73-9. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI.
Trenberth, K.E., 1976: Spatial and temporal variations of the Southern Oscillation. Quart J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 102, 639-653
_____, 1984: Signal versus noise in the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 326-332
_____, and D. Shea, 1987: On the evolution of the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 3078-3096.
van Loon, H. and Labitzke, 1987: The Southern Oscillation. Part V: The anomalies in the lower stratosphere of the northern hemisphere in the winter and a comparison with the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 357-369.
_____, and D.J. Shea, 1985: The Southern Oscillation. Part IV: The precursors south of 15S to the extremes of the oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 2063-2074.
_____, and D.J. Shea, 1987: The Southern Oscillation. Part VI: Anomalies of sea level pressure on the southern hemisphere and of Pacific sea surface temperature during the development of a warm event. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 370-379.
Wallace, J.M. and D.S. Gutzler, 1981: Teleconnections in the geopotential height field during the northern hemisphere winter. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 784-812.
_____, T.P. Mitchell, and C. Deser, 1989: The influence of sea-surface temperature on surface wind in the eastern equatorial Pacific: Seasonal and interannual variability. J. Climate, 12, 1492-1499.
Wang, B., 1995: Transition from a cold to a warn State of the El Niņo-Southern Oscillation cycle. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 56, 17-32
Woodruff, S.D., R.J. Slutz, R.L. Jenne, and P.M. Steurer, 1987: A comprehensive ocean-atmosphere data set. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 68, 1239-1250.
_____, S.J. Lubker, K. Wolter, S.J. Worley, and J.D. Elms, 1993: Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) Release 1a: 1980-92. Earth System Monitor, 4, 1-8.
Wright, P.B., 1984: Relationships between indices of the Southern Oscillation, Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1913-1919.
_____, J.M. Wallace, T.P. Mitchell and C. Deser, 1988: Correlation structure of the El Niņo/Southern Oscillation phenomenon. J. Climate, 1, 609-625.
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