The Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array Program is a multi-national effort to provide data in real-time for climate research and forecasting. Major components include the TAO/TRITON array in the Pacific, PIRATA in the Atlantic, and RAMA in the Indian Ocean. The major phenomenological foci of this array are:
- El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific
- The interhemispheric dipole mode, equatorial warm events, and hurricane activity in the Atlantic
- The monsoons, the Indian Ocean Dipole, and intraseasonal variability in the Indian Ocean
The Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array Program is a contribution to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), and the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS).