U.S. Dept. of Commerce / NOAA / OAR / PMEL / Publications
Bloomfield, P., Fourier Decomposition of Time Series: An Introduction, 258 pp., John Wiley, New York, 1976.
Cane, M. A., Modeling sea level during El Niņo, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14, 1864-1874, 1984.
Chelliah, M., and P. Arkin, Large-scale interannual variability of monthly outgoing longwave radiation anomalies over the global tropics, J. Clim., 5, 371-389, 1992.
Chelton, D. B., and R. E. Davis, Monthly mean sea level variability along the west coast of North America, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12, 757-784, 1982.
Clarke, A. J., The reflection of equatorial waves from oceanic boundaries, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1193-1207, 1983.
duPenhoat, Y., T. Delcroix, and J. Picaut, Interpretation of Kelvin/Rossby waves in the equatorial Pacific from model-GEOSAT data intercomparison during the 1986-1987 El Niņo, Oceanol. Acta, 15, 545-554, 1992.
Enfield, D. B., The intraseasonal oscillation in eastern Pacific sea levels: How is it forced? J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 1860-1876, 1987.
Firing, E., R. Lukas, J. Sadler, and K. Wyrtki, Equatorial undercurrent disappears during 1982-83 El Niņo, Science, 222, 1121-1123, 1983.
Gent, P. R., The annual cycle in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean, J. Mar. Res., 43, 743-759, 1985.
Gill, A. E., and B. A. King, The effect of a shoaling thermocline on equatorially-trapped Kelvin waves, Dynamical Climatology Technical Note 27, 28 pp., Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK, 1985.
Gruber, A., and A. F. Krueger, The status of the NOAA outgoing longwave radiation data set, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 65, 958-962, 1984.
Halpern, D., Observations of annual and El Niņo thermal and flow variations at 0°, 110°W and 0°, 95°W during 1980-1985, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 8197-8212, 1987.
Hayes, S. P., A comparison of geostrophic and measured velocities in the Equatorial Undercurrent, J. Mar. Res., 40, Supplement, 219-229, 1982.
Hayes, S. P., and M. J. McPhaden, Temporal sampling requirements for low frequency temperature variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, NOAA Tech. Memo., ERL-PMEL-96, 1992.
Hayes, S. P., P. Ripa, and L. J. Mangum, On resolving vertical modes with observational data, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 7227-7234, 1985.
Hayes, S. P., P. Chang, and M. J. McPhaden, Variability of the sea surface temperature in the eastern equatorial Pacific during 1986-88, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 10,553-10,566, 1991a.
Hayes, S. P., L. J. Mangum, J. Picaut, A. Sumi, and K. Takeuchi, TOGA/TAO: A moored array for real-time measurements in the tropical Pacific Ocean, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 72, 339-347, 1991b.
Hendon, H. H., and M. L. Salby, The life cycle of the Madden-Julian Oscillation, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 2225-2237, 1995.
Johnson, E. S., and M. J. McPhaden, Structure of intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 608-625, 1993a.
Johnson, E. S., and M. J. McPhaden, Effects of a three-dimensional mean flow on intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 10,185-10,194, 1993b.
Kessler, W. S., Can reflected extra-equatorial Rossby waves drive ENSO?, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 21, 444-452, 1991.
Kessler, W. S., and J. P. McCreary, The annual wind-driven Rossby wave in the sub-thermocline equatorial Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 1192-1207, 1993.
Kessler, W. S., and M. J. McPhaden, Oceanic equatorial waves and the dynamics of the 1991-93 El Niņo, J. Clim., in press, 1995a.
Kessler, W. S., and M. J. McPhaden, The 1991-93 El Niņo in the central Pacific, Deep Sea Res., in press, 1995b.
Knutson, T. R., and K. M. Weickmann, 30-60 day atmospheric oscillations: Composite life cycles of convection and circulation anomalies, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1407-1436, 1987.
Knutson, T. R., K. M. Weickmann, and J. E. Kutzbach, Global-scale intraseasonal oscillation of outgoing longwave radiation during northern hemisphere summer, Mon. Weather Rev., 114, 605-623, 1986.
Latif, M., J. Biercamp, and H. von Storch, The response of a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model to wind bursts, J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 964-979, 1988.
Lau, K. M., and P. H. Chan, Aspects of the 40-50 day oscillation during northern winter as inferred from outgoing longwave radiation, Mon. Weather Rev., 113, 1889-1909, 1985.
Lau, K. M., and P. H. Chan, Aspects of the 40-50 day oscillation during northern summer as inferred from outgoing longwave radiation, Mon. Weather Rev., 114, 1354-1367, 1986.
Lau, K. M., and S. Shen, On the dynamics of intraseasonal oscillations and ENSO, J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1781-1797, 1988.
Long, B., and P. Chang, Propagation of an equatorial Kelvin wave in a varying thermocline, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 1826-1841, 1990.
Lukas, R., and E. Firing, The annual Rossby wave in the central equatorial Pacific ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 11, 55-67, 1985.
Madden, R. A., and P. R. Julian, Detection of a 40-50 day oscillation in the zonal wind in the tropical Pacific, J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 702-708, 1971.
Madden, R. A., and P. R. Julian, Description of global-scale circulation cells in the tropics with a 40-50 day period, J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1109-1123, 1972.
McCalpin, J. D., A note on the reflection of low-frequency equatorial Rossby waves from realistic western boundaries, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 1944-1977, 1987.
McCreary, J. P., and R. Lukas, The response of the equatorial ocean to a moving wind field, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 11,691-11,705, 1986.
McPhaden, M. J., Variability in the central equatorial Indian Ocean, I, Ocean dynamics, J. Mar. Res., 40, 157-176, 1982.
McPhaden, M. J., TOGA-TAO and the 1991-93 El Niņo-Southern Oscillation event, Oceanography, 6, 36-44, 1993.
McPhaden, M. J., and S. P. Hayes, Variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during 1986-88, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 13,195-13,208, 1990.
McPhaden, M. J., H. B. Milburn, A. I. Nakamura, and A. J. Shepherd, PROTEUS--Profile telemetry of upper ocean currents, in Proceedings of MTS '90 Conference, pp. 353-357, Marine Technology Society, Washington, D.C., 1990.
McPhaden, M. J., and M. J. McCarty, Mean seasonal cycles and interannual variations at 0°, 110°W and 0°, 140°W during 1980-1991, NOAA Data Rep., ERL PMEL-95, 118 pp., 1992.
McPhaden, M. J., and B. A. Taft, Dynamics of seasonal and intraseasonal variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 18, 1713-1732, 1988.
Meyers, G., Annual variation in the slope of the 14°C isotherm along the equator in the Pacific Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 9, 885-891, 1979.
Nakazawa, T., Tropical cloud clusters within the intraseasonal variations over the western Pacific, J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 66, 823-839, 1988.
Philander, S. G. H., and R. C. Pacanowski, Response of equatorial oceans to periodic forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 1903-1916, 1981.
Picaut, J., and T. Delcroix, Equatorial wave sequence associated with warm pool displacements during the 1986-1989 El Niņo-La Niņa, J. Geophys. Res., in press, 1995.
Reynolds, R. W., and T. M. Smith, Improved sea surface temperature analyses using optimum interpolation, J. Clim., 5, 929-948, 1994.
Rui, H., and B. Wang, Development characteristics and dynamic structure of tropical intraseasonal convection anomalies, J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 357-379, 1990.
Spillane, M. C., D. B. Enfield, and J. S. Allen, Intraseasonal oscillations in sea level along the west coast of the Americas, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 313-325, 1987.
Sui, C.-H., and K. M. Lau, Origin of low-frequency (intraseasonal) oscillations in the tropical atmosphere, II, Effect of an improved treatment of moist processes, J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 37-56, 1989.
Tang, T. Y., and R. H. Weisberg, On the equatorial Pacific response to the 1982/1983 El Niņo-Southern Oscillation event, J. Mar. Res., 42, 809-829, 1984.
Wallace, J. M., and R. E. Dickinson, Empirical orthogonal representation of time series in the frequency domain, I, Theoretical considerations, J. Appl. Meteorol., 11, 887-892, 1972.
Waliser, D. E., N. E. Graham, and C. Gautier, Comparison of highly reflective cloud and outgoing longwave radiation datasets for use in estimating tropical deep convection, J. Clim., 6, 331-353, 1993.
Webster, P. J., and R. Lukas, TOGA-COARE: The coupled ocean-atmosphere response experiment, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 73, 1377-1416, 1992.
Weickmann, K. M., and S. J. S. Khalsa, The shift of convection from the Indian Ocean to the western Pacific Ocean during a 30-60 day oscillation, Mon. Weather Rev., 118, 964-978, 1990.
Weickmann, K. M., G. R. Lussky, and J. E. Kutzbach, Intraseasonal (30-60 day) fluctuations of outgoing longwave radiation and 250 mb streamfunction during northern winter, Mon. Weather Rev., 113, 941-961, 1985.
Weisberg, R. H., and T. Y. Tang, Equatorial ocean response to growing and moving wind systems with application to the Atlantic, J. Mar. Res., 41, 461-486, 1983.
Zebiak, S., On the 30-60 day oscillation and the prediction of El Niņo, J. Clim., 2, 1381-1387, 1989.
Zhu, B., and B. Wang, The 30-60 day convection seesaw between the tropical Indian and western Pacific Oceans, J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 184-199, 1993.
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