FINAL Cruise Instructions
NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, MF-02-10
September 8 – September 23, 2002
Chief Scientist: Janet Duffy-Anderson
1.0 DRAFT CRUISE INSTRUCTIONS
1.1 Cruise Title – Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI).
1.2 Cruise Numbers:
1.2.1 Cruise Number – MF-02-10
1.2.2 FOCI Number – 5MF02
1.3 Cruise Dates:
1.3.1 Departure – Depart Kodiak, Alaska, at 1500 on Sunday, September 8, 2002.
1.3.2 Arrival – Arrive Kodiak, Alaska, at 0800 on Monday, September 23, 2002.
2.0 CRUISE OVERVIEW
2.1 Cruise Objectives – We will be conducting an ichthyoplankton survey in the waters contiguous to Kodiak Island, Alaska. This work is needed to describe larval fish assemblages on the shelf and slope in late summer/early fall and to study the transport and early life history of larval forage fishes (ex: capelin). Zooplankton data and data on physical characteristics of the water column will also be collected.
2.2 Applicability – These instructions, with FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, dated April 8, 2002, present complete information for this cruise.
2.3 Operating Area – Gulf of Alaska
2.4 Participating Organizations
NOAA – Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
7600 Sand Point Way N.E.
Seattle, Washington 98115-0070
2.5.1 Chief Scientist
2.5.2 Participating Scientists
2.6.1 Ship Operations
Marine Operations Center, Pacific
1801 Fairview Avenue East
Seattle, Washington 98102-3767
Telephone: (206) 553-4548
Fax: (206) 553-1109
Commander Timothy B. Wright, NOAA
Chief, Operations Division (MOP1)
Telephone: (206) 553-8705
Cellular: (206) 390-7527
Deputy Chief, Operations Division (MOP1x1)
Telephone – Work: (206) 553-4764
Home: (206) 365-3567
Cellular: (206) 465-9316
2.6.2 Scientific Operations
Dr. Phyllis J. Stabeno, PMEL Dr. Jeffrey Napp, AFSC
Telephone: (206) 526-6453 Telephone: (206) 526-4148
3.1 Data To Be Collected – A goal of the FOCI program is to identify the physical and biological factors that underlie ecosystem change and to understand how those factors interact. One focus is the effects of perturbations at lower trophic levels. To this end, we will collect ichthyoplankton and zooplankton data using 60-cm Bongo nets (60BON) and 20-cm Bongo nets (20BON), a Neuston net, a Multiple Opening/Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS), and California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigation (CalCOFI) Vertical Egg Tow (CalVET) nets.
We will occupy at least one 24-hr diel station to study vertical distribution of fish larvae, specifically capelin. We will collect data on the physical environment using the Sea-Bird Electronics SBE 19 SEACAT Profiler to relate larval assemblage structure to environmental variables (temperature, salinity). Sea-Bird Electronics SBE 911plus Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth (CTD) casts will collect physical data as well as data on nutrients, microzooplankton, and chlorophyll at selected stations. This cruise will provide new information on larval fish assemblages (especially forage fishes) on the shelf off Kodiak Island during the late summer and early fall. Samples will be collected from a grid of approximately 120 stations.
3.1.1 Scientific Computer System (SCS) – The ship's SCS shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN (SOI 5.2) for specific requirements.
3.2 Staging Plan – The majority of the equipment necessary for the cruise was loaded onto the NOAA ship MILLER FREEMAN when the ship departed from Seattle, Washington, in April 2002. The MOCNESS is stored on Kodiak Island over the summer will need to be loaded prior to departure for this cruise. We request that we be allowed to set up equipment, including the MOCNESS, on Saturday, September 7, 2002, one day prior to departure. We will use the chemistry lab, the rough lab, and the slime lab for sample and equipment preparation and request as much counter and cabinet space as possible. We will use DataPlot for CTD and SEACAT operations.
3.3 De-staging Plan – We will offload the samples upon return to Kodiak on September 23, 2002. We will offload the gear on Monday, November 18, 2002, after the ship returns to Marine Operations Center – Pacific in Seattle, Washington.
3.4 Cruise Plan – The cruise will depart from Kodiak, Alaska, at 1500 on Sunday, September 8, 2002, and occupy a series of approximately 120 stations. Station positions and a chartlet of the working area are located in Sections 9.2 Tables and 9.3 Figures, respectively.
3.4.1 Grid Survey – During the regular grid survey, the Neuston net will be deployed first; however, we may fish more than one type of Neuston gear as part of a gear comparison study, except when the MOCNESS is to be used. The Neuston will collect fish larvae in the surface layer. Samples from the Neuston net gear will be preserved in 1.8% buffered Formaldehyde.
Following completion of the Neuston tow, a Marine Assessment Monitoring and Prediction (MARMAP) Bongo tow (SOI 3.2.2) will be conducted. The SBE 19 SEACAT, the 20-cm Bongo (20BON) net with 0.150-mm mesh netting and the 60-cm Bongo (60BON) net with 0.333-mm mesh netting will all be mounted together for this tow. Bongo tows will be to a depth of 200 meters, or to 10 meters off bottom, whichever is shallower. The sample from 60BON Net 1 will be preserved in its entirety in 1.8% buffered Formaldehyde and the sample from Net 2 will be discarded. Similarly, the sample from 20BON Net 1 will be preserved in its entirety in 1.8% buffered Formaldehyde and the sample from Net 2 will be discarded.
Selected grid stations have been chosen for CTD casts to collect water samples for microzooplankton, chlorophyll, and nutrient data (SOI 3.2.1). At these stations, the CTD cast will precede the MARMAP Bongo tow. CTD casts will be made to 200 meters or to 10 meters off bottom, whichever is shallower.
3.4.2 Diel Study – There will be at least one 24-hour diel station occupation. The first 24-hour station will likely be located immediately outside of Kodiak, Alaska. At this station, a bongo tow will be taken to determine whether the species of interest, capelin, is present in the water column. If so, a CTD cast will be taken, and water samples will be collected. Immediately after the CTD cast, the MOCNESS, rigged with 0.333-mm mesh, will be deployed to provide depth-discrete ichthyoplankton samples. Eight nets will be tripped at regular intervals between 10 meters off of the bottom, or to maximum depth 100 meters, and the surface. Samples collected from each net of the MOCNESS will be preserved in their entirety in 1.8% buffered Formaldehyde. This procedure will be repeated at 2- or 3-hour intervals for the 24-hour period.
We will try to opportunistically occupy a 24-hour station on the shelf and, if there is time, re-occupy Station #1 for 24 hours at the end of the cruise. During each of these periods CTD casts and MOCNESS samples will be collected as outlined above. In addition, we may opportunistically fly the MOCNESS at four or five selected stations on the shelf during the survey; however, these selected stations will not be 24-hour occupations. Instead, the MOCNESS will be deployed only once and then the regular grid survey will be resumed. At each of these stations the CTD cast will occur first followed by the MOCNESS tow. Afterwards, regular grid activities will follow.
3.4.3 Canyon Investigation – Selected stations in Barnabus and Chiniak Canyons have been chosen for CalVET tows (SOI 3.2.6). At these stations, the CalVET tow with 0.053-mm mesh netting will follow the MARMAP Bongo tow (0.333-mm mesh). The CalVET tows, both nets combined, will be preserved in 1.8% buffered Formaldehyde. These stations will be sampled with 60-cm and 20-cm Bongo nets and CTD casts. These samples will supply much needed ground truth data for moorings and extend sampling in time for hydrography (CTD sections), nutrient chemistry, chlorophyll, and net tows for zooplankton and larvae of forage fish. Objectives for this study are:
1) Determine seasonal evolution of water column and frontal structure at the two study sites,
2) Supply necessary ground truth biological and chemical data for instrumented moorings,
3) Bracket the time that larval forage fish and other Stellar Sea Lion prey are "recruited" to the study sites,
4) Examine forage fish prey fields on both sides of fronts,
5) Supply detailed zooplankton prey field data for REFM forage fish food habits study, and
6) Extend investigations of canyons as conduits for inshore transport of shelf spawning fish species.
3.5 Station Locations – See Section 9.2 Tables.
3.6 Station Operations – The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.
· CTD/Water Sample Operations (SOI 3.2.1),
· MARMAP Bongo Tows (SOI 3.2.2),
· MOCNESS Tows (SOI 3.2.5),
· CalVET Net Tows (SOI 3.2.6),
· Chlorophyll Samples (SOI 3.2.10), and
· SIMRAD EK500 Scientific Echosounder Monitoring (SOI 3.2.12).
3.6.1 Neuston Net Tows
188.8.131.52 Description – Neuston nets are used for sampling the upper few centimeters of the water column. There are many frame styles that may be used; however, we use a Sameoto sampler made of stainless steel. The mouth opening is 30-cm x 50-cm and is designed to fish half in and half out of the water.
184.108.40.206 Rates/Fishing – The vessel should be moving slowly ahead, about 1.5 to 2.0 knots so that the net is fishing half in and half out of the water. The exact speed is a learning process and may vary with sea conditions. Lower the Neuston net to the surface and pay out 10 to 15 meters of wire. It may be necessary to adjust the ship's speed to maintain the proper skimming action. Start the stopwatch when the net starts to fish and tow the net for approximately 9.5 minutes (unless otherwise instructed). After 9.5 minutes, the vessel should decrease speed so that the net can be hauled in. Advise winch operator when time is nearly up and retrieve when ready. Read and record flow meter revolutions, time of tow, and any comments.
220.127.116.11 Preservation – The Neuston sample should be preserved immediately, as specified in the FOCI Field Manual or sample collection request forms.
18.104.22.168 Maintenance – Check net for holes and fill flow meter with water.
3.7 Underway Operations – The following are underway operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below:
· Scientific Computer System (SOI 5.2),
· Thermosalinograph Monitoring (SOI 5.3), and
· Fluorometer Monitoring (SOI 5.3).
3.8 Applicable Restrictions – None
3.9 Small Boat Operations – None
4.1 Equipment and Capabilities Provided by Ship
· Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,
· Manual wire-angle indicator,
· Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SBE-19 SEACAT, for net tow operations,
· Sea-Bird Electronics’ SBE 911plus CTD system with stand, each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger. There should be one deck unit for the two systems,
· 10-liter Niskin sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
· AUTOSAL salinometer, for CTD field corrections,
· Sea-Bird Electronics’ SBE-19 SEACAT system,
· Meter block for plankton tows,
· Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Rowe winches,
· For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
· Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (both blast and storage freezers, -20 and -80),
· SIMRAD EQ-50 and SIMRAD EK-500 echosounders,
· Bench space in DataPlot for PCs, monitor, printer to fly MOCNESS,
· Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
· Scientific Computer System (SCS),
· Aft Rowe winch with single conductor cable and slip rings for MOCNESS,
· Electrical connection between Rowe winch and DataPlot,
· Removable stern platform in place,
· Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables, and storage space,
· Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),
· Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,
· Navigational equipment including GPS and radar,
· Safety harnesses for working on quarterdeck and fantail, and
· Ship’s crane(s) used for loading and/or deploying.
4.2 Equipment and Capabilities Provided by Scientists – See Section 9.1 Equipment Inventory for weights and dimensions.
· Sea-Bird Electronics’ SBE 911plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system),
· Sea-Bird Electronics’ SBE-19 SEACAT system (primary system),
· PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,
· Fluorometer and light meter to be mounted on CTD,
· CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,
· Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,
· CTD rosette sampler,
· 60-cm Bongo sampling arrays,
· 20-cm Bongo arrays,
· Spare wire angle indicator,
· CalVET net array,
· Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment,
· Scientific ultra-cold freezer, and
· Cruise Operations Database (COD).
5.0 DISPOSITION OF DATA AND REPORTS
5.1 The following data products will be included in the cruise data package:
· NOAA Form 77-13d – Deck Log – Weather Observation Sheets,
· Electronic Marine Operations Abstracts,
· SCS backup – recordable compact diskette (CD-RW),
· Calibration Sheets for all ship's and scientific instruments used,
· CTD VHS videocassettes,
· CTD Cast Information/Rosette Log,
· Autosalinometer Logs,
· Electronic Navigation suite’s export files on diskette,
· Ultra-cold Freezer Temperature Daily Log (SOI 5.4).
5.2 Pre- and Post-cruise Meetings – Cruise meetings may be held in accordance with FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN (SOI 5.5).
6.0 ADDITIONAL PROJECTS
6.1 Definition – Ancillary and piggyback projects are secondary to the objectives of the cruise and should be treated as additional investigations. The difference between the two types of secondary projects is that an ancillary project does not have representation aboard and is accomplished by the ship's force.
6.2 Ancillary Projects – Any ancillary work done during this project will be accomplished with the concurrence of the Chief Scientist and on a not-to-interfere basis with the programs described in these instructions and in accordance with the NOAA Fleet Standing Ancillary Instructions.
6.3 Piggyback Projects – None
7.0 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
7.1 Inventory – See Section 9.4 HAZMAT Inventory.
7.2 Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) – Submitted separately
8.1 Communications – Specific information on how to contact the NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN and all other fleet vessels can be found at:
8.2 Important Telephone and Facsimile Numbers and E-mail Addresses
8.2.1 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL):
FOCI – Ocean Environmental Research Division (OERD2):
· (206) 526-4700 (voice)
· (206) 526-6485 (fax)
· (206) 526-6810 (voice)
· (206) 526-6815 (fax)
8.2.2 Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC):
FOCI – Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering (RACE):
· (206) 526-4171 (voice)
· (206) 526-6723 (fax)
8.2.3 NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN – Telephone methods listed in order of increasing expense:
Homeport – Seattle, Washington:
· (206) 553-4589
· (206) 553-4581
· (206) 553-8344
United States Coast Guard – Kodiak, Alaska
· (907) 487-9752
· (907) 487-9753
· (907) 487-4397
· (907) 487-4398
· (206) 660-7167
· 011-872-761-267-346 (voice/PBX)
· 011-872-761-267-347 (voice)
· 011-872-330-394-113 (voice)
· 011-872-330-394-114 (fax)
E-Mail: NOAA.Ship.Miller.Freeman@noaa.gov (mention the person’s name in SUBJECT field)
8.2.4 Marine Operations Center, Pacific (MOP):
Operations Division (MOP1)
· (206) 553-4548 (voice)
· (206) 553-1109 (facsimile)
E-Mail to Radio Room: Radio.Room@noaa.gov