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NOAA Ship Miller Freeman

April 23 to May 10

Michael Canino, Chief Scientist
Alaska Fisheries Science Center

  Date: 16 March 2001
Cruise No: MF01-05
FOCI No: 2MF01


These instructions, with “FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN” present complete information for this cruise.


Gulf of Alaska, Shelikof Strait


April 23, 2001 Depart Seattle
April 27, 2001 TNG Kodiak
May 8, 2001 TNG Larsen Bay
May 10, 2001 Arrive Dutch Harbor

Participating organizations:

NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF)


Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. FOCI also supports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative, U.S. GLOBEC and North Pacific Marine Research Program, that address scientific issues related to FOCI. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters.


The objectives of this cruise are to conduct an ichthyoplankton survey and process-oriented studies in the region between Kennedy Entrance to Shelikof Strait and the Semidi Islands to estimate the abundance of young walleye pollock larvae, their transport, and factors influencing their surivival. We also intend to occupy stations on Line 8 to continue our 15 yr. time series of environmental and biological conditions in Shelikof Strait. In addition, while occupying the larval station grid, we plan to conduct a series of turbulence measurements using a micro-structure profiler (SCAMP) supplied by the University of Alaska, and at the end of the cruise to conduct a 24 h station occupation with continuous measurements using SCAMP, MOCNESS tows and CTDs.


1.1. Chief Scientist:
Michael Canino, M, Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Telephone: 206-526-4174, 206-543-9858
E-mail address:

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.

1.2 Participating Scientists:

Michael Canino		M	Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Jennifer Lanksbury		F	AFSC
Matt Wilson		M	AFSC
Rachel Cartwright		F	AFSC
Bill Rugen			M	AFSC
Annette Brown		F	AFSC
Kathy Mier		F	AFSC
Liz Dobbins		F	PMEL
David Walsh		M	UAF
1.3 NOAA Marine Operations Center-Pacific Contact:
Larry Mordock
NOAA/MOC-Pacific (MOP1)
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA  98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764
1.4 Program Contacts:
Dr. Phyllis Stabeno			Dr. Jeff Napp
7600 Sand Point Way NE		7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA  98115		Seattle, WA  98115
(206) 526-6453			(206) 526-4148


A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day. The operation of SCAMP will be done from the Munson. An operator and a deckhand are required, as is power for a laptop computer. Under very calm conditions SCAMP profiles may be done from Miller Freeman at full stop. While SCAMP profiles are made, MOCNESS and CTD operations will be conducted nearby from Miller Freeman. The Fluorometer and PAR units should be deployed on the CTD array. All other operations will be conducted in accordance with the Standard Operating Instructions.


The scientific party will be picked up during a TNG at Kodiak. An ichthyoplankton survey will be conducted from the northeast side of Kodiak Island, through Kennedy Entrance and Shelikof Strait to the Semidi Islands. The standard gear for the survey will be 60 cm bongos with 0.33 mm mesh netting. Tows will be to 200 m or 10 m off the bottom, whichever is deeper. A map of potential stations and station positions are provided in Appendices 1 and 2. Approximately 100 stations from the list will be chosen for occupation from the potential stations. Line 8 will be occupied en route. Line 8 sampling will include 20 and 60 cm bongos and CTDs with water samples for microzooplankton, chlorophyll and nutrients. A map of Line 8 station and station positions are given in Appendices 3 and 4. Net tows at line 8 are to 10 m off the bottom.

Satellite-tracked drifters will be deployed on high concentration patches of larvae en route. Some SCAMP profiles will also be made en route, accompanied by MOCNESS tows and CTDs. At the end of the cruise, the ship will return to the high concentration patch areas marked by the drifters and a series of SCAMP profiles, MOCNESS tows, and CTDs will be conducted over a 24-h period.

In the event of a storm, the Chief Scientist may call for a break in the above operations in order to opportunistically monitor before and after storm condtions. Storm monitoring will include CTDs (nutrients, chlorophyll and microzooplankton), SCAMP profiles (if conditions permit use of the Munson), MOCNESS and bongo tows. Live tows will be conducted with the bongos to examine larval condition.

On May 8th, in the morning, the ship will make a TNG at Larsen Bay to disembark 1 or more scientists, including Chief Scientist Canino. Annette Brown will then serve as Chief Scientist for the remainder of the cruise. Depending on the time available, a series of bongo tows will be conducted on the way to Dutch Harbor (see Appendices 5 and 6 for station map and positions). Up to 20 stations may be occupied. 2.2 PROCEDURES FOR OPERATIONS: The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.
bulletCTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)
bulletMARMAP bongo tow (SOI 2.2.2)
bulletBongo larval condition tow (SOI 2.2.3)
bulletMOCNESS (SOI 2.2.5)
bulletCalCOFI vertical egg tow (SOI 2.2.6)
bulletTucker trawl (SOI 2.2.9)
bulletChlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)
bulletSatellite tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)
bulletADCP (SOI 2.2.13)
bulletRadiometer (SOI 2.2.14)

SCAMP profiles will be conducted from the Munson. A deckhand and vessel operator is required. Power on the Munson is required for a laptop computer. Each profile takes about 1 h and several profiles will be made during each profiling period. During a profile the Munson will be at full-stop. The SCAMP is otherwise self-contained and deployed by free-falling while tethered to a spooled line. The line and reel will be provided by UAF. During the SCAMP profiling operations, Miller Freeman will be operating in the nearby vicinity doing MOCNESS tows and CTDs. Microzooplankton will be sampled with bottles attached to the rosette during these paired observations. At the end of the cruise, at least one 24-h sampling will be conducted with SCAMP profiling, CTDs and MOCNESS tows at least every 4 h. The radar-tracked drogue will be deployed and followed. During this sampling, and depending on sea-state, it would be desirable to have the Munson in the water over the whole sampling period.


The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.

3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship
bulletOceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,
bulletWire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,
bulletOceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,
bulletSea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand,
bulletEach CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems,
bullet10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
bulletFor CTD field corrections: AUTOSAL salinometer,
bulletSea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system,
bulletMeter block for plankton tows,
bulletWire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Rowe and Marco winches,
bulletFor meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
bulletFreezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),
bulletSimrad EQ-50 echo sounder,
bulletRDI ADCP written to an Iomega Zip drive,
bulletRadar tracked drifter buoy,
bulletBench space in DataPlot for PCs, monitor, printer and VCR to fly MOCNESS,
bulletUse of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
bulletSCS (Shipboard Computer System),
bulletAft Rowe winch with single conductor cable and slip rings for MOCNESS,
bulletElectrical connection between Rowe winch and DataPlot,
bulletStern platform in place,
bulletLaboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,
bulletSeawater hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),
bulletAdequate deck lighting for nighttime operations,
bulletNavigational equipment including GPS and radar,
bulletSafety harnesses for working on quarterdeck and fantail,

3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project
bulletSea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand
bulletSea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),
bulletPMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,
bulletCTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,
bulletConductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,
bulletCTD rosette sampler,
bulletFluorometer and PAR to be mounted on the CTD stand
bulletIAPSO water,
bullet60-cm bongo sampling arrays,
bullet20 cm bongo arrays,
bulletSpare wire angle indicator,
bulletTucker trawl, complete 1 M2 sampling array,
bulletCalVET net array,
bulletHoly sock drogue for ship's radar tracked drifter buoy,
bulletArgos tracked drifter buoys with optical sensors,
bulletMiscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment,
bulletScientific ultra-cold freezer,
bulletCruise Operations Data Base (COD) software and forms.
bulletSCAMP, complete equipment

3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)

The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for specific requirements.


Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.


5.3 Piggyback projects:

None at this time.


6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February 4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.

The following hazardous materials will be provided and controlled by the scientists with the Chief Scientist assuming responsibility for the safe handling of such substances:

  1. ethanol,
  2. formalin,
  3. Z-fix.


7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:

PMEL/CARD Fax:   (206) 526-6485
PMEL/ADMIN Fax:  (206) 526-6815
AFSC/RACE Fax:   (206) 526-6723

MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.

800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-113,
after tone dial customer ID# (Voice) 800-678-0872,
after voice prompt dial 761-267-348,
after tone dial customer ID# (Fax)
PIs should establish their ID#s with their program.
Inmarsat (direct numbers)
011-872-330-394-113 (voice)
011-872-761-267-348 (fax)

CELLULAR: 		206-660-7167
KODIAK ROAMER: 		907-528-7626
DUTCH HARBOR ROAMER: 	907-391-7626

       (First dial the roamer, wait for dial tone, then dial cellular number.)

PMEL person:
AFSC person:
MOC-Pacific radio room:
Direct to ship: and mention person in SUBJECT field


  1. Map of potential ichthyoplankton stations. Not all of these stations will be occupied. A final determination will be made at a later time, or during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist.
  2. Listing of potential ichthyoplankton stations. Not all of these stations will be occupied. A final determination will be made at a later time, or during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist. A file of station positions will be supplied before sailing.
  3. Map of line 8 stations.
  4. Listingof line 8 stations.
  5. Map of potential ichthyoplankton stations around the Shumagin Islands. Not all of these stations will be occupied. A final determination will be made at a later time, or during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist.
  6. Listing of potential ichthyoplankton stations around the Shumagin Islands. Not all of these stations will be occupied. A final determination will be made at a later time, or during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist.

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