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Date: 22 December 1999


Cruise No: MF00-01

FOCI No: 01MF00


These instructions, with FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 2000, present complete information for this cruise.
Bering Sea
30 January 2000: depart Dutch Harbor, Alaska

09 February 2000: arrive Dutch Harbor, Alaska

Participating organizations:
NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)

NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)

University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)

Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. FOCI also supports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative, U.S. GLOBEC, and NSF Inner Front Study, that address scientific issues related to FOCI. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters.
1. Mooring deployments and recoveries

2. Biological and physical oceanographic sampling at site 2, site 3, site 4, and transect lines

3. Deploy three Argos drifters


1.1. Chief Scientist:
 Carol DeWitt  F  PMEL    

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.
1.2 Participating Scientists
Lisa Britt
Heloise Chenelot
Sigrid Salo
Stacey Smith
Loren Tuttle


1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:

Larry Mordock
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764
1.4 Program Contacts:
Dr. Phyllis Stabeno 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-6453
Dr. Art Kendall 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-4108 



A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of two and a Survey Tech. Operations will be conducted 24 hours per day.
The order of operations is highly dependent on ice/weather conditions at the time of the cruise. If weather and ice conditions are favorable, the following plan will be implemented.

Depart Dutch Harbor for site 2.  There will be recovery of two moorings (F-99BS-2C and F-99BSST-2F) and deployment of three moorings (F-00BS-2A, F-00BS-2B, and F-00BSST-2S).  In conjunction with the mooring operations, a grid of five stations at and surrounding the mooring will be sampled.  CTD casts (nutrients and chlorophylls) and bongo tows will be conducted at each of the five grid stations.  Triplicate CalVET tows will be completed at the center station only.

We will then head northwest along the 70-m isobath. Of the four CTD stations between sites 2 and 4, the second (57.42N, 165.87W) and fourth (57.63N, 167.62W) stations will also have chlorophylls, nutrients, a single CalVET, and a bongo tow. At site 4, a grid of five stations at and surrounding site 4 will be sampled. CTD casts (nutrients and chlorophylls) and bongos will be conducted at each of the five grid stations. Triplicate CalVET tows will be completed at the center station only.

Next, four CTD casts (nutrients) between sites 2 and 3 will be completed.

At site 3, there will be recovery of one mooring (F-99BSST-3F) and deployment of one mooring

(F-00BSST-3S). In conjunction with the mooring operations, a grid of five stations at and surrounding the mooring will be sampled. CTD casts (nutrients and chlorophylls) and bongo tows will be conducted at each of the five grid stations. Triplicate CalVET tows will be completed at the center station only.

Proceed to the station west of site 3 and begin L-shaped line of seventeen CTD stations. Chlorophylls and nutrient sampling, as well as bongo tows, will be completed at the 200-m, 500-m, and 1000 m stations.

Next, proceed to the CTD lines south of Amukta Pass - complete the seventeen CTD stations.

If any time remains, we will complete the seventeen stations in a square shape near Unimak Pass. Lines A and D at Unimak Pass will include chlorophylls, nutrients, and bongo tows.

Chlorophyll depths are surface, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 m. Nutrient sample depths ? as possible ? are surface, 10, 20, 30, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and near bottom).

Daily live tows will be collected ? multiple casts may be required.

The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.

CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)

MARMAP bongo tow (SOI 2.2.2)

Live zooplankton ring net tow (SOI 2.2.4)

Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)

Satellite-tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)

ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)

Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)

The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.
3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be provided by the Ship
Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,

Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,

Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the Seacat,

Sea Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)

(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),

(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and VCR recorder for the two systems),

10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),

For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (backup system),

Meter block for plankton tows,

Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck winches,

For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,

Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),

Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder,

JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,

RDI ADCP written to SCS and Iomega Zip drives,

Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,

SCS (Shipboard Computer System),

Stern platform in place,

Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,

Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),

Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,

Navigational equipment including GPS and radar,

Safety harnesses for working on quarterdeck and fantail.

3.2 Equipment to be provided by the Project
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),

PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,

Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be mounted on CTD,

CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,

Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,

CTD rosette sampler,

60-cm bongo sampling arrays,

20-cm bongo arrays,

Spare wire angle indicator,

CalVET net array,

Subsurface moorings,

Argos tracked drifter buoy,

Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment,

Scientific ultra-cold freezer.

Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.

3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)
The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for specific requirements.
Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.

5.3 Piggyback projects:

None at this time.

6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280B, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated May 8, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.

The following hazardous materials will be provided and controlled by the scientists with the Chief Scientist assuming responsibility for the safe handling of such substances:



Lugolís Iodine

Mercuric chloride

Sulfamic acid


7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:

PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485

PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815

AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723

MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.

800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-113, after tone dial customer ID# (Voice)

800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 761-267-348, after tone dial customer ID# (Fax)

Inmarsat (direct numbers)

Inmarsat B:
011-872-330 394 113 (Voice)

011-872-330 394 114 (Fax)

011-872-330 394 116 (Telex)

Inmarsat Mini-M:

011-872-761 267 346 (Voice - PBX)

011-872-761 267 347 (Voice)

011-872-761 267 348 (Fax)

CELLULAR: 206-660-7167

KODIAK ROAMER: 907-528-7626


(First dial the roamer, wait for dial tone, then dial cellular number)

  1. CTD and mooring locations
  2. CTD and mooring plot


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