August 10, 1999
FINAL CRUISE INSTRUCTIONSNOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN
Cruise No: MF99-12
FOCI No: 8MF99
These instructions, with "FOCI
Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1999,"
present complete information for this cruise.Area: Bering Sea Itinerary:
September 19,1999: Dutch Harbor, AlaskaSeptember 29, 1999: Dutch Harbor,
AlaskaParticipating organizations:NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
(PMEL)NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)University of Alaska,
Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort
by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of
a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and
a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity.
FOCI alsosupports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative,
U.S. GLOBEC, and NSF Inner Front Study, that address scientific issues
related to FOCI's. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic
and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering
Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine
recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish
stocks in Alaskan waters.
1. Recover and deploy moorings at the FOCI study areas of St. George
Island, site #2, site #3, and site #4.
2 Recover NSF moorings at the Slime Bank, Bristol Bay, and Nunivak Iiand
3. Conduct biological sampling in project areas.
4. Complete CTD lines at and between mooring sites.
5. Deploy Seimac drifting buoys.
1.1. Chief Scientist:
The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical
portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation
with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes
will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed
the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional
expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.
1.2 Participating Scientists
| Sigrid Salo
| Kurt Zegowitz
| Loren Tuttle
| Stacey Smith
|| Univ. of Alaska|
| Jan Danielson
|| Univ. of Alaska|
| Heloise Chenelot
|| Univ. Of Alaska|
1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764
1.4 Program Contacts:
| Dr. Phyllis Stabeno
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
| Dr. Art Kendall |
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch
operator, a scientific staff of two, and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations
will be conducted 24 hours a day.
2.1. SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES:
The operations during Cruise MF99-12 will consist of a combination of
mooring recoveries, mooring deployments, CTD casts, and Bongo net tows
sampling through out the cruise. Seimac Drifting Buoys will be deployed
during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist. CTD lines are
planned at the mooring locations and between sites; #3 and #6. Other CTDs
will also be completed.Mooring Operations: (see Appendices)Bristol Bay-
Recover four moorings. Site #3- Recover one mooring.Site #2- Recover two
moorings. Deploy three moorings.Nunivak Is.- Recover one mooring. Survey
97 moorings.Site #4- Recover one mooring. St. George Is.- Recover two mooringsIn
the event that conditions prohibit mooring deployments/ recoveries, operations
will focus on CTD lines to be selected by the Chief Scientist.
2.2 PROCEDURES FOR OPERATIONS:
The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures
for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions
(SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures
are addressed below.
Mooring calibration CTDs will be completed before each mooring recovery
and after each mooring deployment.
Details and times of these operations are specified in the Appendices.
Mooring operations will begin northeast of Unimak Pass in the Slime Banks
area with the recovery of four Innerfront moorings (one surface, three
At site# 3 one mooring (subsurface) will be recovered. CTDs and Bongo tows
will be completed with the CTD/ Bongo grid around the mooring location.
Moving northeast to site# 2, two moorings (one surface, one subsurface)
will be recovered and three moorings (subsurface) will be deployed. CTDs
and Bongo tows will be completed with the CTD/ Bongo grid around the mooring
After completing the mooring and CTD/Bongo operations at site#2, the ship
will transit to an Innerfront mooring site between Cape Newenham and site
#2 and recover one mooring (subsurface).
Leaving the Cape Newenham site, the Miller Freeman will transit to the
Nunivak Innerfront Study area. One mooring will be recovered (subsurface).
A survey of moorings 97IFP-2 and 97IFP-3 may be completed to assist in
the recovery of these moorings*.
At site# 4 one mooring will be recovered (subsurface). After completing
the site# 4 operations we will move south to the begin the mooring work
around St. George Is. This will involve mooring recoveries of two moorings(
The two St. George moorings (subsurface) will be the last moorings recovered
A survey of projected mooring positions in the Pribilof Canyon will be
completed for moorings to be deployed on 2000 cruises.
Moving from the St. George operations, the ship will proceed to the CTD
line south of Site #3 at the shelf break and continue south following the
CTD/bongo line to Site #6. This will complete the planned operations for
Mooring recoveries/ deployments ( Mooring diagrams will be provided to
ship by chief scientist before cruise )
* Moorings 97IFP-2 & 97IFP-3 are 500KHz ADP moorings deployed from the
Wacoma in 1997. Attempts to recover the moorings in 1998 proved futile.
It was determined that a failure with the Flotation Technology release
function does not allow the mooring to come to the surface. Further attempts,
not scheduled at this time, will be made with a side scan sonar and an
ROV to recover these moorings. No dragging operations are planned at these
moorings during MF99-12.
CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)Satellite
tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)EK500 monitoring (SOI 2.2.12)ADCP (SOI
2.2.13)Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)Bongo tows ( SOI 2.2.2)
3.0. FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
The following systems and their associated support services are essential
to the cruise. Sufficient consumable, back-up units, and on-site spares
and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions
are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations,
and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data
3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship
Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for
EK-500 for depth (CTD and moorings),
Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,
Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip
rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)(The
underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),
(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and
there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),
10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),
Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Rowe and Marco winches,
For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system
interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and
a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and
Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,
JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,
RDI ADCP written to SCS and Iomega Zip drives (if repaired by cruise date)
Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
SCS (Shipboard Computer System),
Stern platform in place,
Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,
Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),
Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,
Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,
Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail
3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system, pressure only (backup system),
PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,
Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be
mounted on CTD,
CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,
Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on
the primary CTD,
CTD rosette sampler,
Seimac O2L Drifting Buoys
60-cm bongo sampling arrays, 20 cm bongo arrays,
Spare wire angle indicator,
Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,
Scientific ultra-cold freezer.
Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.
3.3 Ship's Computer System (SCS)
The (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data
fromnavigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See
FOCIStandard Operating Instructions for specific requirements. SCS is undergoinga
transformation from being VAX to Windows NT based. NT SCS is undergoing
evaluation currently and both systems are running and recording data.
4.0 DATA AND REPORTS
Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in
the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.
5.0 ADDITIONAL INVESTIGATIONS AND PROJECTS
5.3 Piggyback projects:
None at this time.
6.5. Hazardous Materials:
The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction
6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February
4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not
sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing
agents, buffers, and/or adsorbents in amounts adequate to address spills
of a size equal to the amount aboard.
7.1. Fax Numbers
PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485
PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815
AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723
7.2. Phone Numbers
a) MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much
cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.
800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-113, after tone dial customer
800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 761-267-348, after tone dial customer
PI's should establish their ID#'s with their program.
b) Inmarsat (direct numbers)
c) CELLULAR: 206-660-7167
KODIAK ROAMER: 907-528-7626
DUTCH HARBOR ROAMER: 907-391-7626
(First dial the roamer, wait for dial tone, then dial cellular number.)
1. CTD and mooring locations
2. CTD and mooring plot