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August 10, 1999


Cruise No: MF99-12

FOCI No: 8MF99


These instructions, with "FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1999," present complete information for this cruise.Area: Bering Sea Itinerary: September 19,1999: Dutch Harbor, AlaskaSeptember 29, 1999: Dutch Harbor, AlaskaParticipating organizations:NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)



Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. FOCI alsosupports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative, U.S. GLOBEC, and NSF Inner Front Study, that address scientific issues related to FOCI's. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters.



1. Recover and deploy moorings at the FOCI study areas of St. George Island, site #2, site #3, and site #4.

2 Recover NSF moorings at the Slime Bank, Bristol Bay, and Nunivak Iiand study areas.

3. Conduct biological sampling in project areas.

4. Complete CTD lines at and between mooring sites.

5. Deploy Seimac drifting buoys.




1.1. Chief Scientist:

 William Parker  M  PMEL    

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.


1.2 Participating Scientists

Sigrid Salo  F  PMEL
 Kurt Zegowitz  M  PMEL
 Loren Tuttle  M  AFSC
 Stacey Smith  F  Univ. of Alaska
 Jan Danielson  F  Univ. of Alaska
 Heloise Chenelot  F  Univ. Of Alaska


1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:

Larry Mordock
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764


1.4 Program Contacts:

Dr. Phyllis Stabeno 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-6453
Dr. Art Kendall 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-4108 


A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of two, and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day.


The operations during Cruise MF99-12 will consist of a combination of mooring recoveries, mooring deployments, CTD casts, and Bongo net tows sampling through out the cruise. Seimac Drifting Buoys will be deployed during the cruise at the discretion of the Chief Scientist. CTD lines are planned at the mooring locations and between sites; #3 and #6. Other CTDs will also be completed.Mooring Operations: (see Appendices)Bristol Bay- Recover four moorings. Site #3- Recover one mooring.Site #2- Recover two moorings. Deploy three moorings.Nunivak Is.- Recover one mooring. Survey 97 moorings.Site #4- Recover one mooring. St. George Is.- Recover two mooringsIn the event that conditions prohibit mooring deployments/ recoveries, operations will focus on CTD lines to be selected by the Chief Scientist.


The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.
Mooring calibration CTDs will be completed before each mooring recovery and after each mooring deployment.
Details and times of these operations are specified in the Appendices.
Mooring operations will begin northeast of Unimak Pass in the Slime Banks area with the recovery of four Innerfront moorings (one surface, three subsurface).
At site# 3 one mooring (subsurface) will be recovered. CTDs and Bongo tows will be completed with the CTD/ Bongo grid around the mooring location.
Moving northeast to site# 2, two moorings (one surface, one subsurface) will be recovered and three moorings (subsurface) will be deployed. CTDs and Bongo tows will be completed with the CTD/ Bongo grid around the mooring location.
After completing the mooring and CTD/Bongo operations at site#2, the ship will transit to an Innerfront mooring site between Cape Newenham and site #2 and recover one mooring (subsurface).
Leaving the Cape Newenham site, the Miller Freeman will transit to the Nunivak Innerfront Study area. One mooring will be recovered (subsurface). A survey of moorings 97IFP-2 and 97IFP-3 may be completed to assist in the recovery of these moorings*.
At site# 4 one mooring will be recovered (subsurface). After completing the site# 4 operations we will move south to the begin the mooring work around St. George Is. This will involve mooring recoveries of two moorings( subsurface).
The two St. George moorings (subsurface) will be the last moorings recovered on MF99-12.
A survey of projected mooring positions in the Pribilof Canyon will be completed for moorings to be deployed on 2000 cruises.
Moving from the St. George operations, the ship will proceed to the CTD line south of Site #3 at the shelf break and continue south following the CTD/bongo line to Site #6. This will complete the planned operations for MF99-12.
Mooring recoveries/ deployments ( Mooring diagrams will be provided to ship by chief scientist before cruise )
* Moorings 97IFP-2 & 97IFP-3 are 500KHz ADP moorings deployed from the Wacoma in 1997. Attempts to recover the moorings in 1998 proved futile. It was determined that a failure with the Flotation Technology release function does not allow the mooring to come to the surface. Further attempts, not scheduled at this time, will be made with a side scan sonar and an ROV to recover these moorings. No dragging operations are planned at these moorings during MF99-12.
CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)Satellite tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)EK500 monitoring (SOI 2.2.12)ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)Bongo tows ( SOI 2.2.2)


The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumable, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.

3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship

Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,
EK-500 for depth (CTD and moorings),
Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,
Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),
(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),
10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),
Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Rowe and Marco winches,
For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),
Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,
JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,
RDI ADCP written to SCS and Iomega Zip drives (if repaired by cruise date)
Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
SCS (Shipboard Computer System),
Stern platform in place,
Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,
Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),
Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,
Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,
Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail

3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system, pressure only (backup system),
PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,
Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be mounted on CTD,
CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,
Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,
CTD rosette sampler,
Seimac O2L Drifting Buoys
60-cm bongo sampling arrays, 20 cm bongo arrays,
Spare wire angle indicator,
Subsurface moorings,
Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,
Scientific ultra-cold freezer.
Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.

3.3 Ship's Computer System (SCS)

The (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data fromnavigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCIStandard Operating Instructions for specific requirements. SCS is undergoinga transformation from being VAX to Windows NT based. NT SCS is undergoing evaluation currently and both systems are running and recording data.


Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.


5.3 Piggyback projects:

None at this time.


6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February 4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or adsorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.


7.1. Fax Numbers

PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485

PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815

AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723


7.2. Phone Numbers

a) MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.

800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-113, after tone dial customer ID# (Voice)

800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 761-267-348, after tone dial customer ID# (Fax)

PI's should establish their ID#'s with their program.


b) Inmarsat (direct numbers)

011-872-330-394-113 (voice)

011-872-761-267-348 (fax)

c) CELLULAR: 206-660-7167

KODIAK ROAMER: 907-528-7626


(First dial the roamer, wait for dial tone, then dial cellular number.)



1. CTD and mooring locations
2. CTD and mooring plot

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