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Date: April 19, 1999


Cruise No: MF99-08
FOCI No: 5MF99


These instructions, with "FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1999," present complete information for this cruise.


Gulf of Alaska


May 21, 1999 Depart Dutch Harbor
June 2, 1999 Arrive Kodiak

Participating organizations:

NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)


Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. FOCI also supports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative, U.S. GLOBEC, and NSF Inner Front Study, that address scientific issues related to FOCI's. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters.


1. To conduct a icthyoplankton survey from Unimak Pass to the Shumagin Islands.

2. To conduct an preliminary ichthyoplankton survey in the Shelikof Sea Valley from Semidi Islands to Kodiak Island.
3. To conduct nearshore sampling of ichthyoplankton using a small vessel deployed from the Freeman.
4. To conduct ichthyoplankton sampling in coordination with the Wecoma operating in the same area and at the same time

5. To conduct studies of the vertical distribtution of walleye pollock larvae.




1.1. Chief Scientist:

 Kevin M. Bailey  Male Alaska Fisheries Science Center

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.


1.2 Participating Scientists:

 Steven Porter  Male Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Kathy Mier  Female Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Annette Brown  Female Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Lisa Britt  Female Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Morgan Busby  Male Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Rachel Cartwright  Female Alaska Fisheries Science Center
 Dovalee Dorsett  Female  Teacher-at-sea

1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:

Larry Mordock
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764


1.4 Program Contacts:

 Dr. Phyllis Stabeno 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-6453
 Dr. Art Kendall 
7600 Sand Point Way NE 
Seattle, WA 98115 
(206) 526-4108 



A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day. All other operations will be conducted in accordance with the Standard Operating Instructions.


A schematic overview of the cruise and the plan for coordination with the Wecoma are shown in Appendix 1.

Phase 1. The ship will proceed from Dutch Harbor and do a short ichthyoplankton survey of the region between Unimak Pass and the Shumagin Islands, consisting of about 30 stations (see Appendices 8 and 9: newly added to this version of cruise plan). Scientists Brown, Britt, Busby and Cartwright will be on this portion of the cruise, with scientist Brown acting as field party chief. The ship will then proceed to pickup the remaining scientific party and the Munson in Women's Bay at the USCG station, Kodiak Island on May 24. Line 8 will be sampled en route to the next sampling area. Line 8 sampling will include 20 and 60 cm bongos, and CTDs with water samples for microzooplankton, chlorophyll and nutrients. Line 8 station positions are shown in Appendix 3. If time is available before phase 2, ichthyoplankton in Uyak Bay will be sampled using the Freeman and the Munson deployed from the Freeman. Sampling locations are shown in Appendix 2

Phase 2. A pre-survey of the Shelikof Sea Valley will be conducted between the Semidi Islands and Kodiak on May 26-27 prior to the arrival of the Wecoma in the main grid region. The standard sampling gear will be the 60cm bongo with 505um mesh netting. The survey will proceed from the area of the Semidi Islands towards the northeast. It is anticipated that this portion of the survey will take 2 d . A map of the pre-survey stations is shown in Appendix 4. Station positions are shown in Appendix 5, in bold type.

Phase 3. After the pre-survey is conducted, the Freeman will coordinate sampling with the Wecoma, which is scheduled to arrive in the area of the Shelikof Sea Valley about May 28. The Wecoma will occupy a standard grid of stations and conduct rough counts of larval pollock abundance. At stations with high larval abundance, the Freeman will conduct "adaptive sampling", which is a small-scale grid of stations clustered around the station of high abundance. Sampling will continue on the grid in an "upstream" direction until a cut-off level is attained. That cut-off level of larval pollock abundance will be determined from the pre-survey in Phase 2. All sampling will be conducted with bongo gear. An example of the adaptive sampling plan is shown in Appendix 6.

Phase 4. Bongo stations will be established in the nearshore coastal region between Cape Kubugakli and Chignik Bay, or in Uyak Bay. Sampling will be conducted from a small vessel deployed from the Freeman. It is anticipated that this sampling will take 2 days. Station positions for the nearshore sampling are shown in Appendix 7.

Phase 5. As time allows, sampling of the vertical distribution of pollock larvae will be conducted using the Mocness sampling gear. Sampling of pollock larvae will be from 150 m to the surface. In the event of a storm, a break in any of the prior Phases may be called for by the Chief Scientist in order to opportunistically monitor before and after storm conditions. Storm monitoring will include CTD's (nutrients, chlorophyll and mzp), Mocness and bongo tows.

Station positions and maps of the grid stations for the ichthyoplankton survey are found in the Appendix. The most likely stations to be occupied are noted in the Appendix, however, the stations occupied from the list and their order of occupation will be established on a day to day basis. The chief scientist will attempt to notify the bridge of stations to be occupied 24h in advance. The nearshore ichthyoplankton stations are approximate locations at this time. More details will be provided at a later date.


The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.

CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)
MARMAP bongo tow (SOI 2.2.2)
Bongo larval condition tow (SOI 2.2.3)
Live zooplankton ring net tow (SOI 2.2.4)
Mocness tows (SOI 2.2.5)
CalCOFI vertical egg tow (SOI 2.2.6)
Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)
Satellite tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)
EK500 monitoring (SOI 2.2.12)
ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)
Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)

Ichthyoplankton sampling from the Munson will be conducted in bays and nearshore regions that are too shallow for the Freeman to sample. The gear used on the Munson will be the 60cm bongo with 505 mesh. The tow will be 9-15 minutes, stepped obliquely in layers depending on the bottom depth. For example if the bottom depth is 20m, the gear will be lowered as usual to 5m off bottom, towed there at 15 m for 3 minutes, raised to 10 m and towed for 3 minutes and raised to subsurface (1 m) and towed for 3 minutes. The boat will be expected to be away from the Freeman for up to 8 h. Depending on conditions, and requirements 1-2 crew members and 1-2 scientists will be onboard.




The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.


3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship

Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,

Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,

Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)
(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),

(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),

10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),

For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (backup system),

Meter block for plankton tows,

Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Rowe and Marco winches,

For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,

Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),

Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,

JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,

RDI ADCP with write connects to SCS and PC-compatible data acquisition computer with Iomega Zip drives,

Radar tracked drifter buoy,

Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,

SCS (Shipboard Computer System),

Electrical connection between Rowe winch and DataPlot,

Stern platform in place

Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,

Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),

Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,

Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,

Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail,

VHS cassette CTD tape backup system

Munson as vessel for nearshore sampling. Needed on board are a winch for doing stepped horizontal plankton tows, a wireout display, depth sounder, GPS location device, radio for voice communication with Freeman, deck hose and pump for washing nets, sufficient deck space to wash and preserve sample.


3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),

PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,

Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be mounted on CTD,

CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,

Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,

CTD rosette sampler,

60-cm bongo sampling arrays,

20 cm bongo arrays,

Spare wire angle indicator,

Mocness trawl, complete sampling array,


CalVET net array,

Holy sock drogue for ship's radar tracked drifter buoy,

Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,

Scientific ultra-cold freezer.

Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.

3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)

The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for specific requirements. Contact CST Wm. Floering for further information.




Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.



5.3 Piggyback projects:
None at this time.


6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February 4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.

The following hazardous materials will be provided and controlled by the scientists with the Chief Scientist assuming responsibility for the safe handling of such substances:





7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:

PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485
PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815
AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723

MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.
800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-113, after tone dial customer ID#
(Voice) 800-678-0872, after voice prompt dial 330-394-114, after tone dial customer ID# (Fax)
PI's should establish their ID#'s with their program.

MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT B FAX: 011-872-330-394-114
MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT M VOICE 011-872-761-267-346 or 347
CELLULAR: 206-660-7167
DUTCH HARBOR ROAMER: 907-391-7626 (tone) 206-660-7167
KODIAK ROAMER: 907-528-7626 (tone) 206-660-7167

Members of the scientific party may request a direct e-mail account and should consult with the Chief Scientist for approval.



1. Schematic overview of the cruise and coordination with Wecoma.

2. Sampling locations in Uyak Bay.

3. Line 8 station positions.

4. Map of pre-survey phase.

5. Potential station positions during MF99-08. Pre-survey stations shown in bold type.

6. Schematic figure of adaptive sampling plan.

7. Sampling locations in nearshore survey phase.

8. Sampling locations of southeastern grid stations in Phase 1.

9. Map of southeastern grid stations. Stations to be sampled are marked with larger circles.

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