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Date: 23 March 1999



Cruise No: MF99-06

FOCI No: 3MF99


These instructions, with FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1999, present complete information for this cruise.

General geographic area:

Southeastern Bering Sea Shelf


Date depart/port: 1 May 1999; Dutch Harbor, AK (T/G)
Date arrive/port: 10 May 1999; Dutch Harbor, AK

Participating organizations:

NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)


Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA and associated academic scientists. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait (western Gulf of Alaska) walleye pollock project, and a NOAA Coastal Ocean Program project: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity (SEBSCC). FOCI also supports associated projects, such as the Arctic Research Initiative, U.S. GLOBEC, and NSF Inner Front Study, that address scientific issues related to FOCI's. FOCI's goal is to understand the effects of abiotic and biotic variability on ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea in order to discern the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters.

bullet Occupy hydrographic stations along SEBSCC’s monitoring transects taking CTD, water bottle, bongo, and CalVET samples.
bullet Reoccupy stations at Moorings 2 & 3 to examine rate processes of nutrient dynamics, primary productivity, and zooplankton growth and development.
bullet Collect plankton samples for stable isotope determination
bullet Examine vertical distribution of fish larvae (time permitting)


1.1. Chief Scientist:
 Jeffrey M. Napp   M  AFSC
 (206) 526 ­ 4148    

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.

1.2 Participating Scientists:
 Christine Baier  F  AFSC
 Carol DeWitt  F  PMEL
 Terry Whitledge  M  Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks
 Tae Kun Rho  M  Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks
 Stacy Smith  F  Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks
 Lynn Tinnin  F  Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks
 Heloise Chenelot  F  Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks


1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:

Larry Mordock
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764

1.4 Program Contacts:
Dr. Phyllis Stabeno

7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
(206) 526-6453

Dr. Art Kendall

7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
(206) 526-4108



A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day.
After departure we will proceed to the stations surrounding Mooring 2 (Figure 1). CTD casts (nutrients and chlorophyll) and tows for zooplankton (bongo and CalVET) will be taken at the first five stations (Table 1). We will then spend approx. 20 hr. at M2 for rate measurements (CTD, bongo, CalVET, and 0.8 m Ring net) before steaming north along the 70 m isobath transect, stopping for CTD and bongo samples at designated stations. After completing stations on that transect, we will occupy station M4 for 20 hr to do rate measurements. Upon completion of those measurements we will steam southwest to sample selected stations between the Pribilof Islands, then dead head to the shelf break stations. The cross shelf transect will then be sampled, stopping at M3 for 20 hrs for more rate measurements. The cross shelf transect stations will then be resumed, concluding at M2 with 20 hrs of rate measurements. If time permits, we will take water and plankton samples at stations inshore of Mooring 2 and do a series of MOCNESS tows north of Unimak Island for larval fish before returning to Dutch Harbor.
The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.

CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)

MARMAP bongo tow (SOI 2.2.2)

Live zooplankton ring net tow (SOI 2.2.4)

MOCNESS tows (SOI 2.2.5)

CalCOFI vertical egg tow (SOI 2.2.6)

Methot trawl (SOI 2.2.7) — If used must be launched and recovered with stern platform in place.

Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)

ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)

Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)

Scientific Computing System (SCS, SOI 3.3)



The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.
3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship
Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,

Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,

Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)

(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),

(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),

10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),

For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (backup system),

Meter block for plankton tows,

Wire speed indicators and readout for DataPlot and quarterdeck, Rowe and Marco winches,

For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,

Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),

Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,

JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,

RDI ADCP written to SCS and Iomega Zip drives,

Bench space in DataPlot for PCs, monitor, printer and VCR to fly MOCNESS,

Use of Pentium PC in DataPlot for data analysis,

SCS (Shipboard Computer System),

Aft Rowe winch with single conductor cable and slip rings for MOCNESS,

Electrical connection between Rowe winch and DataPlot,

Stern platform in place,

Aft Marco winch with cable for Methot

Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,

Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),

Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,

Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,

Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail,

3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),

PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,

Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be mounted on CTD,

CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,

Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,

CTD rosette sampler,

60-cm bongo sampling arrays,

20 cm bongo arrays,

0.8 m Ring net for live collection of zooplankton

Spare wire angle indicator,

Tucker trawl, complete 1 M sampling array,


Methot trawl,

CalVET net array,


Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,

Scientific ultra-cold freezer,

Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.

3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)

The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for specific requirements. In addition to the standard data products requested by FOCI, we request ASCII files of the one minute averaged thermosalinograph logical data group data (GMT, position, T, S, water depth, insolation, and underway fluorescence). Contact CST Wm. Floering for further information.


Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.


5.3 Piggyback projects:

None at this time.


6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February 4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.

The following hazardous materials will be provided and controlled by the scientists with the Chief Scientist assuming responsibility for the safe handling of such substances:

AFSC — List Previously Submitted by A. Brown (RACE Division)

UAF — Whitledge, See Appendix A

UAF — Henrichs, See Appendix B


7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:

PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485

PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815

AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723

MILLER FREEMAN COMSAT (government account numbers): These are much cheaper than Inmarsat direct numbers and should always be used first.

800-678-0872, after tone dial customer ID# (Voice)
800-678-0872, after tone dial customer ID# (FAX)
PI's should establish their ID#'s with their program.

Inmarsat B (direct numbers)
011-872-330-394-113 (voice)
011-872-330-394-114 (FAX)

Inmarsat M (direct numbers)
011-872-761-267-346 (voice)
011-872-761-267-347 (voice)
011-872-761-267-348 (FAX)

CELLULAR: 206-660-7167
KODIAK ROAMER: 907-528-7626
(First dial the roamer, wait for dial tone, then dial cellular number.)

AFSC person:
PMC radio room:
Direct to ship:

  1. Whitledge MSDS package
  2. Henrichs/Smith MSDS package

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