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22 April, 1998

Cruise: MF-98-07

Itinerary: Depart Kodiak, Alaska 5/12/98
Kodiak, AK 5/19/98

Participating Organizations:

NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)

Cruise Description and Objectives:

The objectives of this cruise are: 1) To recover five and deploy four Bottom Pressure Recorders (BPR's) , and recover one tsunami real-time surface mooring in the North Pacific Ocean off of the Alaskan Peninsula in support of the Pacific Tsunami Observational Program (PacTOP). PacTOP is a research program designed to obtain quality tsunami data in order to resolve theoretical and modeling tsunami issues. The goal of PacTOP is to acquire high quality tsunami measurements during the generation and deep ocean propagation of one or more tsunami events. 2) In support of the Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigation (FOCI) program, Four Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) transects will be conducted, time and weather permitting. See Attachment 1 for BPR sites.

Scientific Measurements:

--Recover four BPR moorings and deploy four BPR moorings at each of the four recovery sites.
--Recover one tsunami real-time surface mooring and recover the BPR mooring at the same site.
--One CTD/Rosette cast to 500 meters at each BPR site.
--Four ADCP transects maintaining a speed of 10 knots.


 Ship Operations Contact:  Scientific Operations Contacts:
 Larry Mordock (206)553-4764  LT Carrie Hadden/PMEL (206)526-6556
 NOAA, PMC (PMC1x4)  Dr. Frank Gonzalez/PMEL (206)526-6803
 1801 Fairview Ave E.  LCDR Michele Bullock (206)526-4485
 Seattle, WA 98102  7600 Sand Point Way N.E.
   Seattle, WA 98115


1.1 Chief Scientist:

LT Carrie Hadden NOAA Corps PMEL

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the scientific portion of these instructions with the concurrence of the Commanding Officer, provided that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship, (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project, (3) result in undue additional expenses, or (4) alter the general intent of the instructions.

1.2 Participating Scientist:


 Name  Sex Nationality  Affiliation
 LT Carrie Hadden  Female USA  NOAA/PMEL
 Nick Delich  Male USA  NOAA/PMEL
 Steve Smith  Male USA  NOAA/PMEL
 Debbie Blood  Female USA  NOAA/NMFS

1.3 Medical History

Before sailing, all scientific personnel will complete a NOAA Health Services Questionnaire(NHSQ), which will be given to the Commanding Officer at the beginning of the cruise. Clearances are valid for 2 years for scientists under age 50 and 1 year for age 50 and over.


2.1 Loading

The following Mooring items will be loaded on the MILLER FREEMAN prior to departure from kodiak, AK on May 12, 1998.


 Item  Weight  Number  Weight
 BPR  110 lbs.  4  440 lbs.
Stand, Anchor, Release  600 lbs.  4  2,400 lbs.
69X35" 7 pack flotation  330 lbs.  1  330 lbs.
 Hardware boxes  50 lbs.  2  100 lbs.
     Total   3,270 lbs.


2.2 Underway Operations

Upon completion of loading and preparations at Kodiak, the ship will proceed to the real time Tsunami surface mooring, RT01 (see Attachment 1). The surface mooring and accompanying BPR mooring will be recovered at this site. The ship will then proceed to BPR station #80 where a BPR mooring will be recovered and redeployed at the same site. At each BPR site, a 500-meter CTD cast will be taken if time and weather permits. Following which, BPR's will be recovered and redeployed at stations 79 and 78. After the deployment at station 78, the first ADCP transect will be run from the following points:

  Latitude  Longitude  Speed
 Start 53o 55.00'N  158o 00.00'W  10Kts
 End 54o 36.00'N  158o 40.00'W  10Kts

After completing the ADCP transect, the ship will proceed to BPR Station AK77 where the last BPR will be recovered and redeployed.

The coordinates of the five BPR Stations are as follows:


 Station  Latitude (N)  Longitude (W)  Depth [m]  Weights [lbs]
 77  54o 17.38'  158o 32.94'  1677  BPR: 110; Stand, Anchor, Release: 600; 7 pack floatation: 330
 78  53o 25.49'  157o 16.65'  4656  BPR: 110; Stand, Anchor, Release: 600; 7 pack floatation: 330
 79  52o 02.31'  158o 45.13'  4755  BPR: 110; Stand, Anchor, Release: 600; 7 pack floatation: 330
 80  52o 01.20'  155o 43.53'  4688  BPR: 110; Stand, Anchor, Release: 600; 7 pack floatation: 330
 RT01  51o 32.37'  151o 23.95'  ~4600  Toroid: 900; Tower: 100; Bridal and lead weights:450
 RTBPR  51° 32.33  151° 24.02    BPR: 110; Stand, Anchor, Release: 600; 7 pack floatation: 330

Following BPR site AK77, three additional ADCP transect lines will be run (time permitting). The coordinates and speed are as follows:

 ADCP  Latitude  Longitude  SPEED
 Line  (N)  (W)  
 2 Start  55o 15.00'N  156o 56.00'W  10Kts
 2 End  54o 22.00'N  156o 04.00'W "  10Kts
 3 Start  54o 27.00'N  154o 37.80'W "  10Kts
 3 End  55o 24.40'N  155o 40.00'W "  10Kts
 4 Start  55o 57.00'N  154o 58.00'W "  10Kts
 4 End  54o 36.00'N  153o 21.00'W  10Kts


2.3 Equipment Loading

All mooring equipment and instrumentation will be shipped to Kodiak, Ak. or prior to the beginning of the Tsunami cruise by Linden. The equipment is scheduled to be delivered to Jim Ackerlund (Dock Manager), by Wed, the 5th of May. Arrangements for storage of the equipment will be made in advance. The ship's force can load the equipment at their convenience.
All equipment and instrumentation will be off-loaded in Kodiak, AK at the end of the cruise, on or about 19 May 1998. The Equipment will then be barged from Kodiak, AK back to Seattle, WA.

2.4 BPR Mooring Descriptions

The Tsunami Bottom Pressure Recorder (BPR) mooring configuration, Model 635-7H (Attachment 3), consists of an expendable steel plate anchor attached to a combination aluminum tripod and platform. Mounted on the platform are one acoustic release,the BPR pressure case and an MTR. Flotation is provided by seven Benthos glass spheres with yellow propylene hardhats fastened to a seven pack holder. A marker float with orange signal flag, transmitter, and strobe light are attached to aid in locating and recovering the units when they are at the surface.

2.5 BPR Recovery/Deployment Procedures

The EG&G Ocean Products Model 8011 deck unit will be used for both the recovery and deployment operations. During recovery operations the ship will heave to and attempt recovery by use of the transducer recently installed and located on the ship. The acoustic release will then be interrogated and the anchor released, allowing the BPR to float to the surface (which takes between 30-60 minutes). Once the unit is on the surface it can be recovered using a grappling hook or a small boat, if weather permits. The line and BPR are then recovered using the port side J-frame. The mooring recovery floats are equipped with a strobe and a transmitter to assist in locating the mooring when on the surface. The ship's bridge will monitor Ch. 70, or 156.525 MHz to facilitate nighttime recoveries.

A similar method is used for monitoring the BPR's descent after being deployed. The ship's thru-hull transducer is used to provide ranging information and track the moorings descent. The ship should remain DIW with the screws secured until the unit's position on the bottom is verified. When the instrument is determined to be on the bottom, a code is sent to disable the release.


The following FOCI operations are to be conducted on this cruise on a not to interfere basis. The procedures are listed in the FOCI Standing Operating Instructions (SOI) for NOAA Ship Miller Freeman and reflect anticipated sampling plans as of this date.

CTD's at all BPR sites (SOI 2.2.1)

Four ADCP transects (SOI 2.2.13)

2.6.1 Station Plot

It is requested that the position of each operation and station will be maintained in a SeaPlot file. If possible a diskette of the file will be given to the chief scientist.


3.1 Equipment and Supplies Provided by the Ship

The following systems and their support services are essential to the project. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure efficient operations. All instruments used for scientific measurements are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.

(a) Standard seawater (two bottles)
(b) Small boat or grappling hook to recover BPR's
(c) Two 12 kHz Universal Graphics Recorder (UGR)
(d) Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
(e) Capstan, crane, and A-frame for surface mooring recovery

3.2 Equipment and Supplies to be provided by the Scientific Party

(a) EG&G deck unit (Model 8011) and transducer (Model 8012)
(b) All mooring equipment as shown in Attachments 3 and 4
(c) Radio receiver (VHF, ADF) for recovery operations
(d) CTD system: complete with CTD unit, rosette, and recording/processing equipment



4.1 Data Responsibilities

The Chief Scientist is responsible for the disposition, feedback on data quality, and archiving of data collected on board the ship for the primary project. As the representative of the program manager (the Director, PMEL), the Chief Scientist is also responsible for the dissemination of copies of these data to participants in the cruise, to any other requesters, and to NESDIS in accordance with NDM 16-11 (ROSCOP) within 3 months of cruise completion. The ship may assist in copying data and reports insofar as facilities allow.

The Chief Scientist will receive all original data gathered by the ship for the primary project, and this data transfer will be documented on NOAA Form 61-29 "Letter Transmitting Data". The Chief Scientist in turn will furnish the ship with a complete inventory listing all the data gathered by the scientific party, detailing types and quality of data. The Commanding Officer is responsible for all data collected for ancillary projects until those data have been transferred to the projects' principal investigators or their designees. Data transfers will be documented on NOAA Form 61-29. Copies of ancillary project data will be provided to the chief scientist when requested. Reporting and sending copies of ancillary project data to NESDIS (ROSCOP) is the responsibility of the program office sponsoring those projects.

4.2 Data Requirements

The following data products will be included in the cruise data package:
Marine Operations Abstracts,
Marine weather observation logs,
PMEL CTD weather observation logs,
CTD audio cassettes,
CTD Cast Information/Rosette Log,
Calibration sheets for all ship's instruments used,
Autosalinometer logs,
ADCP log sheets,
ADCP SyQuest 105 MB disks,
SCS 8 mm backup tapes,
SeaPlot Files, disk. NOS chart or overlay not required,
Ultra-cold freezer temperature daily log, (end of field season).

4.2.1. Marine Observation Log:

A Marine Operations Abstract (MOA) form will be maintained by the ship's officers during the cruise. The critical information to record at each station is:
GMT date,
GMT time,
station #,
haul #,
gear type
bottom depth.
At present, a paper form (hard copy) MOA is the most secure method for ensuring that these data are recorded and preserved. However, the Program is willing to work with PMC to develop an electronic version that is efficient, secure and could eventually replace the paper MOA.

4.3 Cruise Report

A Cruise report to the Pacific Marine Center is no longer required. The Chief Scientist will furnish a cruise a report to the the tsunami program.



Any additional work will be subordinate to the main project and will be accomplished with concurrence of the Chief Scientist and on a not-to-interfere basis.

5.1 ADCP Piggyback Project

The Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigation (FOCI) will conduct four Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler transects as outlined in Section 2.2 Underway Operations. The FOCI operation's work will require the ship to maintain a speed of 10 knots (12 knots may be achieved weather permitting) during each transect. The ship is to maintain course; however, adjustments for set and drift may be necessary. The bottom track mode must be secured.

5.2 Ancillary Tasks

Will be accomplished in accordance with the NOAA Fleet Standing Ancillary Instructions.




6.1 Hazardous Material

Formalin 5%

6.2 Radio Interference

Some scientific equipment is sensitive to radio frequency interference. If interference occurs, it may be necessary to adjust operations and communications schedules if efforts to electronically isolate the equipment are unsuccessful.

6.3 Communications

INMARSAT will be available to the Chief Scientist for communication with the laboratory. Requests for the use of INMARSAT will be approved by the Commanding Officer. All communications costs ($6.02 per minute) will be charged to the laboratory.
The MILLER FREEMAN is also equipped with cellular capability. The chief scientist and staff are obligated to pay for incoming and outgoing calls to or from the party. Calls are estimated at $0.90 / minute plus any applicable long distance charges to the ships number.

6.4 Planning Meeting

A precruise meeting between the Commanding Officer and Chief Scientist will be held prior to the start of the cruise. Its purpose is to identify the day to day requirements of the project in order to best utilize shipboard personnel resources and to identify overtime requirements. A brief meeting of all scientific personnel, the Field Operations Officer, Chief Boatswain, survey department, and other relevant ship's personnel should be held before the vessel reaches the experiment area in order to: 1) introduce new scientific personnel to ship's procedures, proper channels, etc.; 2) discuss operating procedures for deploying various pieces of sampling equipment; and 3) coordinate scientific watch assignments.

Following the cruise a post cruise debriefing will be held between the Chief Scientist and the Commanding Officer. If serious problems are identified, the Commanding Officer shall notify the marine center by the most direct means available. The chief scientist shall document identified problems in the Ship Operations Evaluation Form which will be submitted to the dirictor of PMEL within 30 days.

6.5 Navigational Control

Primary navigational control during the project will be GPS, visual, radar, etc.


Attachment 1. BPR sites
Attachment 2. Operations Spread Sheet
Attachment 3. BPR Configuration
Attachment 4. Real Time surface mooring configuration

EcoFOCI Project Office
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, Washington 98115
Comments and information:
  EcoFOCI Coordinator

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