June 19, 1997
DRAFT CRUISE INSTRUCTIONS
NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN
These instructions, with "FOCI Standard Operating Instructions
for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1997," present complete information
for this cruise.
General geographic area (Bering Sea, Gulf of Alaska, Shelikof Strait,
September 18, 1997 - St. Paul Is., Alaska
September 27, 1997 - Dutch Harbor, Alaska
NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)
University of Texas (UoT)
Fisheries Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort
by NOAA scientists to understand the physical and biological processes
that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish
and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters. At present, FOCI consists of a
Shelikof Strait walleye pollock project (western Gulf of Alaska), and two
NOAA Coastal Ocean Program (COP) projects: Bering Sea FOCI and Southeast
Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. The COP projects are collaborative efforts
by NOAA and academic scientists to understand the affects of abiotic and
biotic variability on the SE Bering Sea ecosystem.
- Recover and deploy moorings at the FOCI study areas of Nunivak Is.,
site #2, site #3 and Unimak Pass.
- Conduct biological sampling in project areas.
- Complete CTD lines between mooring sites.
1.1. Chief Scientist:
| William Parker
The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical
portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation
with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes
will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed
the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional
expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.
1.2 Participating Scientists
| Carol DeWitt
| To be named (2)
| Elaina Jorgensen
| Susan Henrichs
| Stacey Smith
| John Goering
| Terry Whitledge
| To be named (2)
1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764
1.4 Program Contacts:
A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a
winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck.
Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day.
2.1. SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES:
MF-9709B will recover and redeploy moorings at site 4 (subsurface);
site 2 recover moorings (surface and subsurface) and deploy mooring (subsurface);
site 3 recover moorings (surface and subsurface) and deploy mooring (subsurface).
Moorings will also be recovered south of Nunivak Island ( 1 surface,
6 subsurface and 2 ADP TRBM moorings) and Unimak Pass (subsurface).
In the event that conditions prohibit mooring deployments/ recoveries,
operations will focus on CTD lines to be selected by the Chief Scientist.
At mooring sites 2 and 3 bongo tows may be completed.
CTD lines are planned between mooring sites 4 and 2; 2 and 3; 3 and
7; 7 and 6 and across Unimak Pass.
2.2 PROCEDURES FOR OPERATIONS:
The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures
for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions
(SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures
are addressed below.
Operations will begin at the Nunivak mooring locations with CTDs and
recovery of the nine Interfront moorings. Three of these moorings (surface
and TRBM) may require small boat operations. After completing the Interfront
recoveries, mooring F-96BS-4 will be recovered and replaced with F-97BS-4.
CTDS will be completed before recovery and after the deployment. A CTD
line will be done during the transit between mooring site 4 and mooring
Surface mooring F-97BSM-2 and the University of Alaska sediment trap
mooring will be recovered and subsurface mooring F-97BS-2C will be deployed
at site 2. A subsurface TRAP mooring may also be deployed at this time.
Biological sampling will be completed at site 2 and site 3 (details will
follow ). A CTD line will be run between sites 2 and 3. At site 3, F-97BSM-3
surface mooring and the University of Alaska sediment trap mooring will
be recovered. A subsurface mooring may be deployed. The surface mooring
recoveries may require small boat operations.
The CTD line running south to mooring site 6 and 7 will be done on the
way to recover 5 Unimak Pass subsurface moorings. CTDs will need to be
taken before these recoveries. As time permits the Unimak Pass CTD grid
will be completed.
Mooring recoveries/ deployments ( Mooring diagrams will be provided
to ship by chief scientist before cruise )
CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)
Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)
Satellite tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)
EK500 monitoring (SOI 2.2.12)
ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)
Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)
Bongo tows ( Details will be provided in Final Cruise Inst.)
3.0. FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
The following systems and their associated support services are essential
to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares
and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions
are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations,
and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data
3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship
Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated
Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,
Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip
rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)
(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),
(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger
and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),
10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (backup system),
Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Fowe and Marco winches,
For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system
interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and
a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast
and storage freezers),
Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,
JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,
RDI ADCP with PC-compatible data acquisition computer and SyQuest drives,
Use of 386 PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
SCS (Shipboard Computer System),
Stern platform in place,
Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,
Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),
Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,
Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,
Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail,
3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),
PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,
Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to
be mounted on CTD,
CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,
Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors
on the primary CTD,
CTD rosette sampler,
60-cm bongo sampling arrays,
20 cm bongo arrays,
Spare wire angle indicator,
Surface moorings (FOCI bio-physical platforms),
TRAPs (Trawl Resistent ADCP Platforms),
Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,
Scientific ultra-cold freezer.
Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.
3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)
The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout
the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological,
oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions
for specific requirements.
4.0 DATA AND REPORTS
Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed
in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.
5.0 ADDITIONAL INVESTIGATIONS AND PROJECTS
5.3 Piggyback projects:
None at this time.
6.5. Hazardous Materials:
The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction
6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February
4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not
sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing
agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills
of a size equal to the amount aboard.
7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:
PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485
PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815
AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723
MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT VOICE: 011-872-150-4406
MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT FAX: 011-872-150-4421
PMEL person: PERSON@PMEL.NOAA.GOV
AFSC person: APerson@afsc.noaa.gov
PMC radio room: RadioRoom@rdc.noaa.gov
Direct to ship: email@example.com
Mooring Recovery Locations:
South of Nunivak Island
F-97IF-1 58° 40.2' 168° 19.2' Surface mooring
F-97IF-2 58° 37.9' 168° 21.8' TRBM
F-97IF-3 58° 42.5' 168° 16.6' TRBM
F-97IF-4 58° 49.5' 168° 08.8' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-5 58° 42.2' 168° 05.1' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-6 58° 32.9' 168° 15.4' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-7 58° 28.5' 168° 32.1' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-8 58° 38.2' 168° 33.3' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-9 58° 47.6' 168° 23.0' Subsurface mooring
FOCI site #2
F-97BSM-2 56° 52.5" 164° 01.9' Surface mooring
F-97BSST-2 56° 52.5" 164° 02.0' Subsurface mooring
FOCI site #3
F-97BSM-3 56° 03.6" 166° 19.9' Surface mooring
F-97BSST-2 56° 52.5" 166° 20.0' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-1 54° 21.0' 164° 02.9' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-2 54° 16.3' 164° 46.9' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-3 54° 19.0' 164° 45.5' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-4 54° 22.1' 164° 43.8' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-5 54° 20.9' 165° 44.8' Subsurface mooring