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June 19, 1997


Cruise No.:





These instructions, with "FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1997," present complete information for this cruise.


General geographic area (Bering Sea, Gulf of Alaska, Shelikof Strait, etc).


September 18, 1997 - St. Paul Is., Alaska
September 27, 1997 - Dutch Harbor, Alaska

Participating organizations:

NOAA - Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)
University of Texas (UoT)


Fisheries Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort by NOAA scientists to understand the physical and biological processes that determine recruitment variability of commercially valuable finfish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters. At present, FOCI consists of a Shelikof Strait walleye pollock project (western Gulf of Alaska), and two NOAA Coastal Ocean Program (COP) projects: Bering Sea FOCI and Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity. The COP projects are collaborative efforts by NOAA and academic scientists to understand the affects of abiotic and biotic variability on the SE Bering Sea ecosystem.


  1. Recover and deploy moorings at the FOCI study areas of Nunivak Is., site #2, site #3 and Unimak Pass.
  2. Conduct biological sampling in project areas.
  3. Complete CTD lines between mooring sites.


1.1. Chief Scientist:

 Name/Phone Sex Affiliation
William Parker

The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.

1.2 Participating Scientists

 Name Sex Affiliation
Carol DeWitt F PMEL
To be named (2) M PMEL
Elaina Jorgensen F UW/JISAO
Susan Henrichs F UAF
Stacey Smith  F UAF
John Goering  M UAF
Terry Whitledge  M UoT
To be named (2) ? UoT

1.3 NOAA Pacific Marine Center Operations Contact:

Larry Mordock
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
(206) 553 - 4764

1.4 Program Contacts:

Dr. Phyllis Stabeno
7600 Sand Point Way N.E.
Seattle, WA 98115

(206) 526-6453

Dr. Art Kendall
7600 Sand Point Way N.E.
Seattle, WA 98115

(206) 526-4108


A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck. Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day.


MF-9709B will recover and redeploy moorings at site 4 (subsurface); site 2 recover moorings (surface and subsurface) and deploy mooring (subsurface); site 3 recover moorings (surface and subsurface) and deploy mooring (subsurface).

Moorings will also be recovered south of Nunivak Island ( 1 surface, 6 subsurface and 2 ADP TRBM moorings) and Unimak Pass (subsurface).

In the event that conditions prohibit mooring deployments/ recoveries, operations will focus on CTD lines to be selected by the Chief Scientist. At mooring sites 2 and 3 bongo tows may be completed.

CTD lines are planned between mooring sites 4 and 2; 2 and 3; 3 and 7; 7 and 6 and across Unimak Pass.


The following are operations to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures for these operations are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). Operations not addressed in the SOI and changes to standard procedures are addressed below.

Operations will begin at the Nunivak mooring locations with CTDs and recovery of the nine Interfront moorings. Three of these moorings (surface and TRBM) may require small boat operations. After completing the Interfront recoveries, mooring F-96BS-4 will be recovered and replaced with F-97BS-4. CTDS will be completed before recovery and after the deployment. A CTD line will be done during the transit between mooring site 4 and mooring site 2.

Surface mooring F-97BSM-2 and the University of Alaska sediment trap mooring will be recovered and subsurface mooring F-97BS-2C will be deployed at site 2. A subsurface TRAP mooring may also be deployed at this time. Biological sampling will be completed at site 2 and site 3 (details will follow ). A CTD line will be run between sites 2 and 3. At site 3, F-97BSM-3 surface mooring and the University of Alaska sediment trap mooring will be recovered. A subsurface mooring may be deployed. The surface mooring recoveries may require small boat operations.

The CTD line running south to mooring site 6 and 7 will be done on the way to recover 5 Unimak Pass subsurface moorings. CTDs will need to be taken before these recoveries. As time permits the Unimak Pass CTD grid will be completed.

Mooring recoveries/ deployments ( Mooring diagrams will be provided to ship by chief scientist before cruise )
CTD/Water samples (SOI 2.2.1)
Chlorophyll samples (SOI 2.2.10)
Satellite tracked drifter buoy (SOI 2.2.11)
EK500 monitoring (SOI 2.2.12)
ADCP (SOI 2.2.13)
Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)
Bongo tows ( Details will be provided in Final Cruise Inst.)


The following systems and their associated support services are essential to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations, and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data package.

3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship

Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for CTD,

Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch,

Oceanographic winch for bongo net (and other nets when used) with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated for the SeaCat,

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)
(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD stand),

Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system),

(Each CTD system should include underwater CTD, weights, and pinger and there should be one deck unit and tape recorder for the two systems),

10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),

For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (backup system),

Wire speed indicators and readout for quarterdeck, Fowe and Marco winches,

For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one R. M. Young system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb) and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,

Freezer space for storage of biological and chemical samples (blast and storage freezers),

Simrad EQ-50 echo sounder ,

JRC JFV-200R color sounder recorder,

RDI ADCP with PC-compatible data acquisition computer and SyQuest drives,

Use of 386 PC in DataPlot for data analysis,

SCS (Shipboard Computer System),

Stern platform in place,

Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,

Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash nets (quarterdeck and aft deck),

Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,

Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,

Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail,

3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project

Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat system (primary system),

PMEL PC with SEASOFT software for CTD data collection and processing,

Fluorometer, light meter, and chlorophyll absorbance meter (ChlAM) to be mounted on CTD,

CTD stand modified for attachment of fluorometer,

Conductivity and temperature sensor package to provide dual sensors on the primary CTD,

CTD rosette sampler,

60-cm bongo sampling arrays,

20 cm bongo arrays,

Spare wire angle indicator,

Surface moorings (FOCI bio-physical platforms),

Subsurface moorings,

TRAPs (Trawl Resistent ADCP Platforms),

Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,

Scientific ultra-cold freezer.

Discrete Sample Data Base software and forms.

3.3. Ship's Computer System (SCS)

The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological, oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. See FOCI Standard Operating Instructions for specific requirements.


Data disposition, responsibilities and data requirements are listed in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.


5.3 Piggyback projects:

None at this time.


6.5. Hazardous Materials:

The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction 6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February 4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills of a size equal to the amount aboard.


7.4 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:

PMEL/CARD Fax: (206) 526-6485
PMEL/ADMIN Fax: (206) 526-6815
AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723


AFSC person:
PMC radio room:
Direct to ship:


Mooring Recovery Locations:

South of Nunivak Island

F-97IF-1 58° 40.2' 168° 19.2' Surface mooring
F-97IF-2 58° 37.9' 168° 21.8' TRBM
F-97IF-3 58° 42.5' 168° 16.6' TRBM
F-97IF-4 58° 49.5' 168° 08.8' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-5 58° 42.2' 168° 05.1' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-6 58° 32.9' 168° 15.4' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-7 58° 28.5' 168° 32.1' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-8 58° 38.2' 168° 33.3' Subsurface mooring
F-97IF-9 58° 47.6' 168° 23.0' Subsurface mooring

FOCI site #2

F-97BSM-2 56° 52.5" 164° 01.9' Surface mooring
F-97BSST-2 56° 52.5" 164° 02.0' Subsurface mooring
FOCI site #3
F-97BSM-3 56° 03.6" 166° 19.9' Surface mooring
F-97BSST-2 56° 52.5" 166° 20.0' Subsurface mooring

Unimak Pass

PG-96UP-1 54° 21.0' 164° 02.9' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-2 54° 16.3' 164° 46.9' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-3 54° 19.0' 164° 45.5' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-4 54° 22.1' 164° 43.8' Subsurface mooring
PG-96UP-5 54° 20.9' 165° 44.8' Subsurface mooring

EcoFOCI Project Office
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, Washington 98115
Comments and information:
  EcoFOCI Coordinator

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