FINAL CRUISE INSTRUCTIONS
NOAA Ship: MILLER FREEMAN
16 April 1997
These instructions, in addition to the "FOCI Standard Operating
NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN, 1997", present complete information for
Shelikof Strait and Gulf of Alaska
Depart Kodiak - 23 May, 1997
Arrive Kodiak - 1 June, 1997
Arrive Seattle - 6 June, 1997
NOAA - Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC)
Fisheries Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) is an effort
by academic and federal scientists to understand ecosystems and biological
and physical processes that cause recruitment variability of commercially
valuable fish and shellfish stocks in Alaskan waters. FOCI comprises Shelikof
Strait FOCI, Bering Sea FOCI, and Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity.
Presently research is focused on the western Gulf of Alaska and the southeastern
Bering Sea to examine the affects of the biotic and abiotic environment
on the ecosystem and the early life stages of walleye pollock. FOCI uses
four scientific approaches: environmental monitoring, process studies,
retrospective analyses, and modeling. Research cruises address the first
The objectives of this cruise are:
(1) to continue acquisition of long-term biological and physical time series
(2) to conduct a survey of pollock larvae for use in estimating distribution,
drift, and mortality rates.
(3) to collect samples of pollock larvae for studies on growth and condition;
(4) to examine the biotic and abiotic conditions in the eventual nursery
areas of pollock larvae.
1.1. Chief Scientist:
The Chief Scientist has the authority to revise or alter the technical
portion of the instructions as work progresses provided that, after consultation
with the Commanding Officer, it is ascertained that the proposed changes
will not: (1) jeopardize the safety of personnel or the ship; (2) exceed
the overall time allotted for the project; (3) result in undue additional
expenses; (4) alter the general intent of these project instructions.
1.2 Participating Scientists:
| Mike Canino
| Annette Brown
| Jay Clark
| Kathryn Mier
| Susan Picquelle
| Lisa Britt
1.3 Ship Operations Contact:
(206) 553 - 4764
1801 Fairview Ave. East
Seattle, WA 98102-3767
1.4 Program Contact:
Dr. Art Kendall
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Scheduling of individual activities will depend upon weather conditions
and progress of scientific work, therefore, firm advance scheduling of
events will not be possible, and a continual dialogue between scientific
and ship's personnel will be especially important. To insure fulfillment
of all the scientific objectives, the ship is asked to steam at maximum
cruising speed whenever time in transit and between stations is greater
than one hour.
A standard oceanographic watch will be utilized which consists of a
winch operator, a scientific staff of three and a Survey Tech on deck.
Operations will be conducted 24 hours a day.
2.1. SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES:
Operations will begin on the east side of Kodiak Island. Several bongo
tow stations will be occupied in the vicinity of Stevenson Entrance to
detect the presence of pollock larvae in this area. The cruise track will
then proceed southwesterly, along the south end of Kodiak Island and proceed
towards the Shumagin Islands, surveying the outermost FOCI grid stations.
A systematic survey of the FOCI grid stations will then proceed northeasterly
back towards Kodiak. The major survey area will extend from Line 8 to the
Shumagin Islands from inshore stations to approximately 70 miles off shore.
The exact station locations will be determined by the chief scientist once
the cruise is underway and will depend upon the distribution of larvae,
weather, and available time for survey coverage.
Approximately 120 standard MARMAP bongo tow stations will be occupied
during the cruise. At each grid station, a 60 cm bongo tow to 100 m or
to 10 m from bottom will be conducted. Additional live bongo tows for larvae
may be requested at these stations at the discretion of the chief scientist.
CTD casts will not be conducted during this cruise unless requested by
PMEL or other FOCI investigators and FOCI Lines 8, 16, or 17 stations are
not anticipated to be occupied at this time.
2.2 PROCEDURES FOR OPERATIONS:
The following operations are to be conducted on this cruise. The procedures
are listed in the FOCI Standing Operating Instructions (SOI) for NOAA Ship
Miller Freeman and reflect anticipated sampling plans as of this date.
MARMAP bongo tows (SOI 2.2.2)
Bongo larval condition tows (SOI 2.2.3.)
Satellite-tracked drifter buoys (SOI 2.2.11)
Radiometer (SOI 2.2.14)
Seachest and Uncontaminated Seawater
Sea surface temperature, conductivity and fluorescence will be continuously
sampled. Data from the Sea-Bird thermosalinograph installed in the sonar
void seachest shall be sent to the SCS. Uncontaminated seawater from this
chest will be pumped to the Chemistry Laboratory and through a fluorometer.
The scientists will be responsible for regularly cleaning the cuvette inside
the fluorometer and obtaining and processing the calibration samples. Calibration
samples will be taken at each bongo station or one hour apart, whichever
is more frequent.
The ship's SCS ASCII-Logger feature shall be configured to log one-minute
averaged data throughout the cruise, including:
Water Depth in Meters
Seawater (seachest) temperature
Seawater (seachest) salinity
Laboratory Fluorometer voltage
A standard template file specifying these data types shall be maintained
for all FOCI cruises by the ship's SCS manager. ASCII Logger files will
be included in the periodic backup of SCS data for distribution at the
end of the cruise. The chief scientist may request that these data be made
available on DOS-formatted media at the completion of the cruise.
At the beginning of the cruise, the ship's chief survey technician will
be responsible for ensuring that the data streams from the instruments
are correctly logged by the SCS. During the cruise, the survey technicians
are responsible for checking the logger status display once per watch to
determine that the instruments are functioning, and for taking salinity
calibration samples every other day.
3.0. FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
The following systems and their associated support services are essential
to the cruise. Sufficient consumables, back-up units, and on-site spares
and technical support must be in place to assure that operational interruptions
are minimal. All measurement instruments are expected to have current calibrations,
and all pertinent calibration information shall be included in the data
3.1 Equipment and Capabilities to be Provided by the Ship
Oceanographic winch with slip rings and 3-conductor cable terminated
Wire-angle indicator and readout for oceanographic winch to be used
with bongo and tucker trawl,
Oceanographic winch for bongo net sampling with slip rings and 3-conductor
cable terminated for electronic Time-Depth recorder. Wire should be capable
of 1200 lb loading,
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system to be used with PMEL stand (primary system)
(The underwater CTD unit should have mounts compatible with the PMEL CTD
Sea-Bird 911 plus CTD system with stand (back up system)
(Each CTD system should include: underwater CTD, deck unit , tape recorder,
weights, and pinger).
10-liter sampling bottles for use with rosette (10 plus 4 spares),
For CTD field corrections: IAPSO water and AUTOSAL salinometer,
Sea-Bird SBE-19 Seacat (backup system),
Meter block for plankton tows,
Wire speed indicator and readout,
For meteorological observations: 2 anemometers (one the R. M. Young
system interfaced to the SCS), calibrated air thermometer (wet-and dry-bulb)
and a calibrated barometer and/or barograph,
Freezer space for storage of fish samples (blast and storage freezers),
Bench space in DataPlot for PCs, monitor, printer and VCR to fly MOCNESS,
Use of 386 PC in DataPlot for data analysis,
SCS (Shipboard Computer System),
Electrical conection between Rowe winch and DataPlot,
Laboratory space with exhaust hood, sink, lab tables and storage space,
Sea-water hoses and nozzles to wash down nets,
Adequate deck lighting for night-time operations,
Navigational equipment including GPS and radar ,
Safety harnesses for working on quarter deck and fantail.
3.2 Equipment to be Provided by the Project
60-cm bongo sampling arrays,
20 cm bongo arrays,
Spare wire angle indicator,
Electronic BKG computer, printer and software,
Miscellaneous scientific sampling and processing equipment ,
Scientific ultra-cold freezer.
3.3. Scientific Computer System (SCS)
The ship's Scientific Computer System (SCS) shall operate throughout
the cruise, acquiring and logging data from navigation, meteorological,
oceanographic, and fisheries sensors. The SCS data acquisition node will
provide project scientists with the capability of monitoring sensor acquisition
via text and graphic displays. A data processing node will be available
to project scientists throughout the cruise, configured according to the
specifications of the FOCI SCS administrators.
See FOCI Standing Operating Instructions for specific requirements.
The FOCI SCS co-administrators are:
Tiffany Vance: (206)526-6767; e-mail: VANCE@PMEL.NOAA.GOV
Dan Dougherty: (206)526-6844; e-mail: DOUGHERTY@PMEL.NOAA.GOV
3.4. Ultra-cold Freezer Requirements
The scientific ultra-cold freezer will remain on the ship in operating
condition from the beginning of the first FOCI cruise until the ship returns
to Seattle and the samples within can be unloaded. Since valuable samples
will be in the unit, operation must be continuous without interruption.
Therefore, the unit should be hardwired into the ships electrical system
or connected with a threaded plug. The unit must be securely fastened to
a bulkhead or counter, easily accessible, with a minimum of 4" on
each side around the bottom. The location, fastening and wiring should
be similar to last year. In addition, a weight should be taped to the top
of the unit to prevent the lid from lifting in heavy seas.
The freezer has an alarm, but the ship's personnel are requested to
check the digital temperature display twice daily to insure that the operating
temperature is below -60 degrees C. The unit will be locked between cruises,
and a key left with the Chief Survey Tech. In the event that the unit fails,
the temperature will maintain for about 12 hours if the lid isn't opened.
If the unit fails and cannot be fixed on the ship, the scientific blast
freezer should be pre-cooled to its minimum (-38 degrees C), and all frozen
specimens should be transferred to it immediately, without thawing. Kevin
Bailey (206/526-4243, 4239) must be notified. A daily record of the temperature
(digital readout) on the scientific ultra-cold freezer will be submitted
to K. Bailey (AFSC) as specified in the FOCI Standing Operating Instructions.
4.0. DATA AND REPORTS
4.1. Data Disposition and Responsibilities:
The Chief Scientist is responsible for the disposition, feedback on
data quality, and archiving of data and specimens collected on board the
ship for the primary project. The Chief Scientist will be considered to
be the representative of the AFSC/PMEL Lab Director for purpose of data
disposition. A single copy of all data gathered by the vessel will be delivered
to the Chief Scientist upon request for forwarding to the Lab Director,
who in turn will be responsible for distribution of data to other investigators
desiring copies. Additional data requirements and disposition are listed
in the FOCI Standard Operating Instructions.
4.2. Scientific Ultra-cold Freezer Log:
A daily record of the temperature (digital readout) on the scientific
ultra-cold freezer will be submitted to K. Bailey (AFSC) upon the ship's
return to Seattle.
4.3. Evaluation Report:
One Ship Operations Evaluation Report is required for each leg of the
primary project only, using the form provided for that purpose.
5.0. ADDITIONAL INVESTIGATIONS AND PROJECTS
5.1. Additional Investigations
None scheduled at this time.
5.2. Ancillary Projects:
Ancillary tasks will be accomplished in accordance with the NOAA Fleet
Standing Ancillary Instructions.
5.3. Piggyback Projects:
None at this time
6.5. Hazardous Materials
The Chief Scientist shall be responsible for complying with NC Instruction
6280A, Hazardous Waste; policy, guidance, and training, dated February
4, 1991, paragraph 7.g and paragraph 9. By federal law, the ship may not
sail without a complete inventory of MSDS, and appropriate neutralizing
agents, buffers, and/or absorbents in amounts adequate to address spills
of a size equal to the amount aboard.
The following hazardous materials will be provided and controlled by
the scientists with the Chief Scientist assuming responsibility for the
safe handling of such substances:
Formalin: 37% and 5%
7.1. A daily JFT schedule will be maintained between KVJ and the MILLER
FREEMAN Monday through Friday. Radio contact will be maintained when possible.
A scientific progress report will be sent to AFSC via INMARSAT voice, Fax,
or JFT at least once a week.
7.2. Since it is sometimes necessary for the scientific staff to communicate
with other research vessels, commercial vessels, and shore based NOAA facilities,
the Chief Scientist or designee may request the use of radio transceivers
aboard the vessel.
7.3 Important phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail addresses:
AFSC/RACE Fax: (206) 526-6723
MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT VOICE: 011-872-150-4406
MILLER FREEMAN INMARSAT FAX: 011-872-150-4421
Phyllis Stabeno -PMEL- (206) 526-6453
Art Kendall -AFSC- (206) 526-4108
PMEL person: PERSON@PMEL.NOAA.GOV
AFSC person: APerson@afsc.noaa.gov
PMC radio room: RadioRoom@rdc.noaa.gov
Direct to ship: firstname.lastname@example.org
7.4. The MILLER FREEMAN is equipped with INMARSAT, a telephone/teletype
satellite communication system. If the scientific staff uses this system,
they will be obligated to pay for their calls, which are estimated at $6.02
per minute and $4 per minute for Telex.
The Chief Scientist or designee will have access to, and assistance provided
for transmitting and receiving communications through INMARSAT as needed
during the cruise.
7.5 The MILLER FREEMAN is equipped with a cellular telephone. If the
Scientific Party uses this system, they will pay for incoming and outgoing
calls. Cost is approximately $0.90 per minute, plus applicable long distance
fees charged to the ship's number.
Appendix 1. List of potential bongo tow stations for MF97-07.