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Dave in AlvinDave inside ALVIN during a dive.

Dave Butterfield

7600 Sand Point Way NE/Bldg. 3
Bin C15700
Seattle, WA 98115-0070
Email me


Research Interests:
Deep Ocean Hydrothermal Systems, Geochemistry, Ocean Exploration, Oceanographic Instrumentation, Microbial Ecology, Submarine Eruptions, Ocean Acidification


Select Publications:

Butterfield, D.A., K. Nakamura, B. Takano, M.D. Lilley, J.E. Lupton, J.A. Resing, and K.K. Roe (2011) High SO2 flux, sulfur accumulation, and gas fractionation at an erupting submarine volcano. Geology. Doi: 10.1130/G31901.1


Opatkiewicz, A.D., D.A. Butterfield and J.A. Baross (2009) Individual hydrothermal vents at Axial Seamount harbor distinct subseafloor microbial communities, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 70, 413-424. DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.000747.x


Tunnicliffe, V., K.T.A. Davies, D.A. Butterfield, R.W. Embley, J.M. Rose, and W.W. Chadwick, Jr. (2009): Survival of mussels in extremely acidic waters on a submarine volcano. Nature Geosci., 2, doi: 10.1038/ngeo500, 344–348.


Akerman, N.H., D.A. Butterfield and J.A. Huber (2013) Microbially-mediated sulfur oxidation by Proteobacteria in diffuse hydrothermal vent fluids, Frontiers in Microbiology.


Lang, S.Q., G.L. Fruh-Green, S.M. Bernasconi, and D.A. Butterfield (2013) Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field, Geobiology, doi:10.1111/gbi.12026


Bourbonnais, A., S.K. Juniper, D.A. Butterfield, A.H. Devol, MMM Kuypers, G. Lavik, S.J. Hallam, C.B. Wenk, B.X. Chang, S.A. Murdock, M.F. Lehmann (2012) Activity and abundance of denitrifying bacteria in the subsurface biosphere of diffuse hydrothermal vents of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Biogeosciences, 9, 4661-4678, doi:10.5194/bg-9-4661-2012.


Butterfield, D.A., Lilley, M.D., Huber, J.A., Roe, K.K., Embley, R.E., Baross, J.A. and Massoth, G.J., (2004) Mixing, Reaction and Microbial Activity in the Sub-seafloor Revealed by Temporal and Spatial Variation in Diffuse Flow Vents at Axial Volcano. In The Sub-seafloor Biosphere at Mid-ocean Ridges, (eds. W.S.D. Wilcock, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross, E. DeLong, and C. Cary) Geophysical Monograph, American Geophysical Union.


Butterfield, D.A., Seyfried, W.E. Jr., and Lilley, M.D. (2003) Composition and evolution of hydrothermal fluid chemistry. Mass and Energy Flux in Marine Hydrothermal Systems Dahlem Workshop Report Volume 89. P.E. Halbach, V. Tunnicliffe, and J. Hein (eds.) Berlin: Dahlem University Press, 123-161.


Butterfield, D.A., I.R. Jonasson, G.J. Massoth, R.A. Feely, K.K. Roe, R.E. Embley, J.F. Holden, R.E. McDuff, M.D. Lilley, and J.R. Delaney (1997) Seafloor eruptions and evolution of hydrothermal fluid chemistry. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 355, 369-386.


Butterfield, D.A., G.J. Massoth, R.E. McDuff, J.E. Lupton, and M.D. Lilley (1990) Geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids from Axial Seamount Hydrothermal Emissions Study Vent Field, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Subseafloor boiling and subsequent fluid-rock interaction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95(B8), 12,895-12,921.


Ver Eecke, Helene, D.A. Butterfield, J.A. Huber, M.D. Lilley, E.J. Olson, K.K. Roe, L.J. Evans, A.Y. Merkel, H.V. Cantin, and J.F. Holden (2012) Hydrogen-limited growth of hyperthermophilic methanogens at deep-sea hydrothermal vents, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 109, 13674-13679, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206632109.


Chadwick Jr., W.W., S. Nooner, D.A. Butterfield, and M.D. Lilley (2012) Seafloor deformation and forecasts of the April 2011 eruption at Axial Seamount. Nature Geoscience, 5, 474-477, doi:10.1038/ngeo1464.


Shamberger, K.E.F., R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, M.J. Atkinson, E.H. DeCarlo, F.T. Mackenzie, P.S Drupp, and D.A. Butterfield (2010): Calcification and production on a Hawaiian coral reef. Mar. Chem., 127(1–4), doi: 10.1016/j.marchem.2011.08.003, 64–75.


De Ronde, C.E.J., G.J. Massoth, D.A. Butterfield, B.W. Christenson, J. Ishibashi, R.G. Ditchburn, M.D. Hannington, R.L. Brathwaite, J.E. Lupton, V.S. Kamenetsky, I.J. Graham, G.F. Zellmer, R.P. Dziak, R.W. Embley, V.M. Dekove, F. Munnik, J. Lahr, L.J. Evans, and K. Takai (2011) Submarine hydrothermal activity and gold-rich mineralization at Brothers volcano, Kermadec Arc, New Zealand. Mineralium Deposita 46(5-6), doi:10.1007/s00126-011-0345-8.