2011 West Coast Ocean Acidification Cruise

The West Coast Ocean Acidification cruise (WCOA) was conducted on the R/V Wecoma from August 11 to September 3, 2011. The first Cruise in 2007 was conducted near the beginning of the upwelling season. The 2nd cruise was timed to correspond to the end of the upwelling season, when hypoxic conditions are expected to attain maximal development. The primary objective of the 2nd cruise was to characterize the chemical relationship between hypoxia and ocean acidification, with the goal of creating predictive relationships to hindcast pH and carbonate saturation states using oxygen, temperature, salinity, and nutrient data. Parameters measured at 93 stations along the Washington/Oregon/California coast included dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), total alkalinity, oxygen, spectrophotometric pH, and nutrients. Chlorophyll and zooplankton samples were also collected at select stations and depths. Underway measurements included pCO2 (air and water), DIC, pH, salinity, and temperature. Wave gliders and profiling floats were deployed prior to the cruise to provide additional information on surface and subsurface properties along the cruise track.

This cruise was conducted in collaboration with Dr. Burke Hales of Oregon State University, who conducted high-resolution surveys of the same chemical parameters on the Oregon continental shelf in late April-early May 2011 and one week after the 2011 WCOA cruise. The cruise also included the participation of an NSF-funded piggyback project led by Dr. Miguel Goni (also of OSU) to study the organic carbon cycle on both the 2011 WCOA cruise and the high-resolution Oregon surveys. Members of Dr. Bill Peterson's group from the Northwest Fisheries Science Center also participated on the cruise to study impacts of ocean acidification on marine zooplankton.

Chief Scientists: Richard Feely and Lauren Juranek
Dates 12 August to 30 August 2011
R/V Wecoma
Ports of call: Newport, Oregon to Newport, Oregon
Stations: 90
Geographic boundaries: 31.95°N to 48.38°N by 127.55°W to 117.75°W

Water column data citation and link: Feely, R.A., S.R. Alin, B. Hales, G.C. Johnson, L. Juranek, R.H. Byrne, W.T. Peterson, M. Goni, X. Liu, and D. Greeley. 2014. Carbon dioxide, hydrographic and chemical measurements onboard R/V Wecoma during the NOAA PMEL West Coast Ocean Acidification Cruise WCOA2011 (August 12 - 30, 2011). https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/oceans/Coastal/WCOA.html. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. doi: 10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.COAST_WCOA2011

Water column data via NODC: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/oceanacidification/data/0123467.xml

Surface underway fCO2 data citation and link: Cosca, C., R.A. Feely, S.R. Alin, and G. Lebon. 2014. Sea Surface and Atmospheric fCO2 measurements from the NOAA Ship Bell M. Shimada 2011 VOS project line. https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/oceans/Coastal/WCOA.html. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. doi: 10.3334/CDIAC/otg.VOS_Bell_Shimada/BS_2011

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