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Copyright ©1991 by the American Geophysical Union. Further electronic distribution is not allowed.

**Figure 1. Hydrographic stations extending below 500 m, June 1987. The reference
station for Norwegian Sea deep water characteristics shown in Figure
3 is denoted by the solid circle marked I. Mooring locations during 1987-1988 used to
define the eastward recirculation of water from the East Greenland Current are shown by
the three triangles labeled GS, and locations of moorings during 1987-1989 used to
estimate transport in the saline core over the Greenland slope are shown by the two
unlabeled triangles.**

**Figure 2. Salinity distribution below about 500 m in the section between 75°-76°N
(see inset for location). The most saline portion of the Arctic Ocean outflow is centered
near 1200 m.**

**Figure 3. Potential temperature-salinity characteristics below 800 m at stations
231, 233, and 264. These stations respectively represent the Greenland slope where the
Arctic Ocean outflow of highest salinity is found, the region near the base of the slope
containing multiple reduced salinity maxima, and the central Greenland Sea in the region
of deep winter convection where the deep water is the freshest. Plotting intervals for
stations 321 and 233 are 50 m above 1900 m and 100 below 1900 m depths, plotting intervals
for station 264 are 100 m over the entire depth range. The numbers 1, 2, and 3 denote the
salinity maximum type (see text), and the solid lines represent the associated isopycnals
at surface pressure.**

**Figure 4. Potential temperature/salinity characteristics at the depth of
the intermediate salinity maximum (solid circles with station numbers); the
line LR shows their linear regression. At some stations there was more than
one salinity maximum of type 1. The two lighter lines represent isopycnals at
1500 and 2500 db. The lighter solid circles labeled with their observation depths
show the potential temperature/salinity characteristics below 1300 m at stations
203 and 204 (see Figure 1 for locations). The
open circles denote type 3 salinity maxima. The deep water characteristics of
the Greenland Sea (GSDW), Norwegian Sea (NSDW) and the adjacent Arctic Ocean
(EBDW) are respectively derived from observations below 3300 m at station 264,
from observations below 2500 m at the Norwegian Sea intercalibration station
(denoted I in Figure 1) ,and from Swift
and Koltermann [1988].**

**Figure 5. Salinity at the depth of the intermediate salinity maximum; only the last
three digits are shown. Heavy lines denoted by five digits show the distribution of the
salinity on an isopycnal surface corresponding approximately to the midpoint of the
regression line in Figure 4.**

**Figure 6. Distribution below 800 m of salinity, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients at
two stations in the core of the saline Arctic Ocean outflow (see Figure 1 for locations).**

**Figure 7. Dissolved oxygen-salinity characteristics at the depth of the intermediate
salinity maximum; the line LR shows their linear regression. The characteristics of the
deep Greenland Sea (GSDW) and of the outflow from the Arctic Ocean of the type 1 salinity
maximum (203/1579 m) are respectively derived from samples at 3337 m at station 264 and at
1579 m at station 203.**

**Figure 8. Potential temperature-salinity characteristics at a site in the central
Greenland Sea during 1982 and 1989, together with the depth of each observation. The inset
shows the change in properties from 1982 to 1989, with positive values representing
warming and increasing salinity.**

**Table 1. Greenland Sea moorings June 1987 to June 1988 (low-pass filtered).**

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