These publications cover the period from the inception of NeMO in 1996 until present. “NeMO” cruises include a series of coordinated expeditions from 1996 to 2003. The pre-eruption 1996 and 1997 expeditions on the NOAA Ships Discoverer and Ron Brown, R/V Sonne, and the Canadian vessel J. Tully established a pre-eruptive baseline of hydrothermal properties and geologic maps and deployed the instruments that were in place for the January-February 1998 eruption of the summit of Axial volcano. The 1998 event-response cruises were on the R/V Wecoma, R/V Atlantis/Alvin and the NOAA Ship Ron H. Brown. These were jointly funded by the NOAA VENTS Program, NSF RIDGE Program, Washington State Sea Grant Program, West Coast and Polar Programs Undersea Research Center (WCPPURC) and the Canadian Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). During the period from 1999 until present a wide range of physical, chemical and biologic time series studies have been conducted at the site using the NOAA Ship Ron H. Brown and the University of Washington UNOLS vessel R/V Thomas G. Thompson. These expeditions have been funded by the NOAA VENTS Program, NSERC, Washington State Sea Grant, and the WCPPURC. In 1999 the first prototype of the NeMONet realtime monitoring system was deployed at Axial Volcano. NeMONet is now a working seafloor observatory returning daily measurements of pressure and geochemical data by acoustic modem and satellite links to the Internet. It has an on-demand capability to take samples of vent fluids during seismic events detected by the U.S. Navy’s SOSUS hydrophone system that is also monitored in real time by NOAA’s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory in Newport, Oregon.
Types of Publications:
“Primary” refers to works that
derive all or most of their data from the NeMO program “In Part”
refers to works that derive only part of their data from the NeMO program.
The “Non-Peer Reviewed” section lists papers in other journals,
newsletters, magazines and also includes the NeMO cruise reports. A final
section, “Other”, lists peer-reviewed articles that present
data from Axial Volcano from NSF-funded investigations collected on separate
Alain, K., Rolland, S, Crassous, P, Lesongeur, F, Zbinden, M, Le Gall, C,, Godfroy, A, Pagé, A, Juniper, SK, Combon-Bonavita, M, Duchiron, F. and Querrellou, J. (2003) Desulfurobacterium crinifex sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, pinkish-streamers forming, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium isolated from a Juan de Fuca ridge hydrothermal vent. Emendation of the genus Desulfurobacterium. Extremophiles 7, 361-370.
Alain, K, Olagnon, Desbruyères, D., Pagé, A., Barbier, G., Juniper, SK Querellou, J., & Cambon-Bonavita, M-A (2002) Phylogenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage associated with the hydrothermal vent polychaete Paralvinella palmiformis. FEMS Microb. Ecol. 42, 463-476.
Baker, E. T., C. G. Fox, and J. P. Cowen, In situ observations of the onset of hydrothermal discharge during the submarine eruption of Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, 1998, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3445-3448, 1999.
Baker, E. T., R. P. Lowell, J. A. Resing, R. A. Feely, R. W. Embley, G. J. Massoth, and S. L. Walker, Decay of hydrothermal output following the 1998 seafloor eruption at Axial Volcano: Observations and models, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B01205, doi:10.1029/2003JB002618, 2004.
Butterfield, D. A., M. D. Lilley, J. A. Huber, R. W. Embley, and G. J. Massoth, Mixing, Reaction and Microbial Activity in Sub-seafloor Hydrothermal Upflow Zones: Evidence from Diffuse Flow Outcrops Across the 1998 Axial Volcano Seafloor Eruption Area Through Time, in RIDGE Theoretical Institute Monograph on the Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-ocean Ridges, edited American Geophysical Union.
Chadwick, W.W., Jr., S. Nooner, M. Zumberge, R.W. Embley, and C.G. Fox, Vertical deformation monitoring at Axial Seamount since its 1998 eruption using deep-sea pressure sensors, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 150, 313-327, 2006.
Chadwick, W.W., Jr., Quantitative constraints on the growth of submarine lava pillars from a monitoring instrument that was caught in a lava flow, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (B11), 2534, doi:10.1029/2003JB002422, 2003.
Chadwick, W. W., Jr., R. W. Embley, H. B. Milburn, C. Meinig, and M. Stapp, 1999, Evidence for deformation associated with the 1998 eruption of Axial Volcano: Juan de Fuca Ridge, from acoustic extensometer measurements, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3441-3444, 1999.
Cowen, J. P., R. Shackelford, D. McGee, and P. Lam, Microbial biomass in the hydrothermal plumes associated with the 1998 Axial Volcano eruption, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3637-3640, 1999.
Daughney, G. J., J-P. Rioux, and D. Fortin, Laboratory investigation of the role of bacteria in weathering of basalt near deep sea hydrothermal vents, Geomicrobiol. J., 21, 21-31, 2004.
Durand S., Le Bel M., Juniper SK & P. Legendre (2002) The use of video surveys, a Geographic Information System and sonar backscatter data to study faunal community dynamics at a new hydrothermal site on Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 43, 235-240.
Dziak, R. P., and C. G. Fox, 1999, The January 1998 Earthquake Swarm at Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Hydroacoustic Evidence of Seafloor Volcanic Activity, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3429-3432, 1999.
Dziak, R. P., and G. G. Fox, Long-term seismicity and ground deformation at Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3641-3644, 1999.
Embley, R.W., and E.T. Baker, Interdisciplinary group explores seafloor eruption with remotely operated vehicle, Eos Trans. Am. Geophys. Un., 80, 213, 219, 222, 1999.
Embley, R. W., Chadwick, W. W., Jr., D. Clague, and D. Stakes, 1998 eruption at Axial Volcano: Multibeam anomalies and seafloor observations, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3425-3428. 1999.
Feely, R. A., E. T. Baker, G. T. Lebon, J. P. Gendron, and J. A. Resing, Evidence for iron and sulfur enrichments in hydrothermal plumes at Axial Volcano following the January-February 1998 eruption, Geophys. Res. Letts., 2, 3649-3652,1999.
Fox, C. G., In situ ground deformation measurements from the summit of Axial Volcano during the 1998 volcanic episode, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3437-3440, 1999.
Fox, C. G., W. W. Chadwick, Jr., and R. W. Embley, Direct observation of a submarine volcanic eruption from a sea-floor instrument caught in a lava flow, Nature, 412, 727 – 729, 2001.
Grelon, D., Morineaux, M., Desrosiers, D. & SK Juniper, (in press). Feeding and territorial behaviour of Paralvinella sulfincola, a polychaete worm at deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Northeast Pacific Ocean (J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.)
Huber, J., D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross, Temporal changes in archaeal diversity and chemistry in a mid-ocean ridge subseafloor habitat, Appl. Environ. Microbio., 68, 1585-1594, 2002.
Huber, J.A., D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross, Bacterial diversity in a subseafloor habitat following a deep-sea volcanic eruption, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 43, 393-409, 2003.
Kashefi, K., D. L. Holmes, J. A. Baross, and D. R. Lovely, Thermophily in the Geobacteraceae: Geothermobacter ehrlichii gen. nov., sp. Nov., a novel themophilic member of the Geobacteraceae from the “Bag City” hydrothermal vent, App. Environ. Microbiol., 69, 2985-2993, 2003.
C.B. Kennedy, S.D. Scott and F.G. Ferris
(2004) Hydrothermal phase
Kennedy C. B, R. E. Martinez, S. D. Scott, and F. G. Ferris, Surface chemistry and reactivity of bacteriogenic iron oxides from Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, North-east Pacific Ocean, Geochim. Cosmoshim. Acta, 67 (18): A211-A211 Suppl., 2003
Kennedy, C. B., S. D. Scott, and F. G. Ferris, Characterization of bacteriogenic iron oxide deposits from Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific Ocean, Geomicrobiol. J., 20, 199-214, 2003.
Kennedy, C. B., S. D. Scott, and F. G. Ferris, Ultrastructure and potential sub-seafloor evidence of bacteriogenic iron oxides from Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific Ocean, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 43, 247-254, 2003.
Lavelle, W., M. A. Wetzler, E. T. Baker, and R. W. Embley, Prospecting for hydrothermal vents using moored current meters and temperature data: Axial Volcano on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Northeast Pacific, J. Phys. Ocean., 31, 827-838, 2001.
Lavelle, W., and E. T. Baker, Ocean currents at Axial Volcano, a northeastern Pacific seamount, J. Geophys. Res., 108(C2), doi: 10.1029/2002JC001305, 2003.
Levesque, C., Limén, H. & SK Juniper. Food web structure constrained by spatial habitat gradients: The case of deep-sea hydrothermal vents on Axial Volcano, Northeast Pacific. Deep-Sea Res., Part I (in press)
Levesques, C., Limén, Helene & SK Juniper, 2005. Particulate matter as food source at nascent hydrothermal vents on Juan de Fuca Ridge. Marine Ecology Progress Series 289, 43-52
Levesque, C., Juniper, SK, & J. Marcus (2003) Food resource partitioning and competition among alvinellid polychaetes of Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vents. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 246, 173-182.
Levesque C., & SK Juniper (2002) Particulate matter as food source at a nascent hydrothermal vent on Juan de Fuca Ridge. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 43, 289-292.
Lupton, J.E., E.T. Baker, R.W. Embley, R. Greene, and L. Evans, Anomalous helium and heat signatures associated with the 1998 Axial Volcano event, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 344-3452, 1999.
Marcus, J., and S. Hourdez, A new species of scale-worm (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) from Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 115, 341-349, 2002.
Marcus, J. and V. Tunnicliffe. In press. Living on the edges of diffuse vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 43, 263-266, 2002.
Mehta, M. P., D. A. Butterfield, and J. A. Baross, Phylogenetic diversity of nitrongenase (nifH) genes in deep-sea and hydrothermal vent environments of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69, 960-970, 2003.
Mehta, M.P., Huber, J.A., and Baross, J. (2005) Incidence of novel and potentially archaeal nitrogenase genes in the deep Northeast Pacific Ocean. Environmental Microbiology 7: 1525-1534.
McLaughlin-West, E. A., E.J. Olson and M.D. Lilley, Variations in hydrothermal methane and hydrogen following the 1998 eruption at Axial Volcano, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3453-3456, 1999.
Morineaux, M., Grelon D. & SK Juniper (2002) Nutritional resources and their utilisation in population of the hydrothermal vent polychaete Paralvinella sulfincola on Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge (Northeast Pacific) . Cahiers de Biologie Marine 43, 241-244.
Pagé, A., S. K. Juniper, M. Olagnon, K. Alain, G. Desrosiers,, J. Quérellou and M.-A. Cambon-Bonavita, 2004. Microbial diversity associated with mineral and biogenic samples from an active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney. Geobiology 2, 225-238
Pruis, M. J., and H. P. Johnson, Tapping into the Subseafloor: examining diffuse flow and temperature from an active seamount on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Earth Plan. Sci. Letts., 2004.
Resing, J. A., R. A. Feely, G. J. Massoth, and E. T. Baker, The water-column chemical signature of the 1998 eruption of Axial Volcano, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3645-3648, 1999.
Sogin, M.L., H.G. Morrison, J.A. Huber, D.M. Welch, S.M. Huse, P.R. Neal, J.M. Arrieta, and G.J. Herndl, Microbial diversity in the deep sea and the underexplored "rare biosphere", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103 (32), 12115-12120, 2006.
Sohn, R. A., A. H. Barclay, and S. C. Webb, Microearthquake patterns following the 1998 eruption of Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Mechanical relaxation and thermal strain, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B01101, doi:10.1029/2003JB002499, 2004.
Sohn, R., Webb, S., and W. Crawford, Ocean Bottom hydrophone record of post-volcanic diking event at Axial Volcano, Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 3433-3436, 1999.
Tolstoy, M., F. L. Vernon, J. A. Orcutt, and F. K. Wyatt, Breathing of the seafloor: Tidal correlations of seismicity at Axial Volcano, Geology, 30, 503– 506, 2002.
West, M., R. Sohn, W. Menke, M. Tolstoy and S. Webb, R. Sohn, Magma storage beneath Axial volcano on the Juan de Fuca mid-ocean ridge, Nature, 43, 833-836, 2001.
West, M., W. Menke, and M. Tolstoy, Focused magma supply at the intersection of the Cobb hot spot and the Juan de Fuca ridge. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1724, doi:10.1029/2003GL017104, 2003.
In Part (6):
Bates, A. E., V. Tunnicliffe and R. C. Lee. 2006. Role of thermal conditions in habitat selection by three hydrothermal vent gastropods. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 305:1-15
Brescia, L. A. and V. Tunnicliffe, 1999. Population biology of two pycnogonid species (Fam. Ammotheidae) at hydrothermal vents in the Northeast Pacific. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 39: 233-2
Cowen, J.P., E.T. Baker, and R.W. Embley, Detection of and response to mid-ocean ridge magmatic events: Implications for the subsurface biosphere, in The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges, Geophys. Monograph 144, edited by W.S.D. Wilcock, E.F. Delong, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross, and S.C. Cary, pp. 227-243, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 2004.
Embley, R.W., and J.E. Lupton, Diking, Event Plumes and the Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges, in The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges, Geophys. Monograph 144, edited by W.S.D. Wilcock, E.F. Delong, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross, and S.C. Cary, pp. 75-97, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 2004.
Ivanenko, V.N. and Ferrari, F.D., 2002. A new genus and species of the family Dirivultidae (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent at the Juan de Fuca Ridge (Pacific ocean) and comments of dirivultid distribution. Arthropoda Selecta, 11: 177-185.
Kaye, J. Z., and J. A. Baross, High incidence of halotolerant bacteria in Pacific hydrothermal-vent and pelagic environments, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 32, 249-260, 2000.
Knowles, J.D., E. Wenink, N. Schult, V. Tunnicliffe and D. McHugh, 2005. Molecular analyses indicate gene flow among populations of Paralvinella pandorae, a polychaete annelid endemic to hydrothermal vents of the northeast Pacific. Marine Ecology 26: 216-222.
Sarrazin J., Levesque, C., Juniper SK & MK Tivey (2002) Mosaic community dynamics on Juan de Fuca Ridge sulfide edifices : Substratum effects, temperature and implications for trophic structure . Cahiers de Biologie Marine 43, 275-279.
Schulze, A. 2002. Histological and ultrastructural characterization of the intravasal body in Vestimentifera (Siboglinidae), Annelida). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 43: 355-359.
Tsurumi, M. 2003. Diversity at hydrothermal vents, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12, 181-190.
Tsurumi, M., R. de Graaf, and V. Tunnicliffe. 2003. Distributional and biological aspects of copepods at hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Northeast Pacific Ocean. Jour. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK. 83: 469-477.
Tsurumi, M., and V. Tunnicliffe, Tubeworm-associated communities at hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific, Deep-Sea Res., Pt. I, 50, 611-629, 2003.
Tunnicliffe, V., S. K. Juniper and M. Sibuet.
2003. Reducing environments of the deep-sea floor. In (P. A. Tyler, ed.)
Ecosystems of the World: The Deep Sea. Chapter 4, pp. 81 - 110. Elsevier
Bates, A., PhD. Thesis, U. Victoria (in progress)
Chadwick, J., Magmatic and Tectonic Effects of the interaction of the Juan de Fuca Mid-Ocean Ridge with the Cobb Hotspot, PhD Thesis, U. Florida, 2003.
Grelon, d. (2001) Ecology and ethology of Paralvinella sulfincola, a hydrothermal vent polychaete from the northeast Pacific. MSc thesis in Oceanography, Université du Québec à Rimouski.
Huber, J. A.,Phylogenetic and physiological diversity of subseafloor microbial communities at deep-sea seamounts, 164p, 2004.
Kelly, N., (Topic is larval ecology at Axial Volcano and Endeavour Ridge hydrothermal systems) Dalhousie U. (in progress), Thesis advisor, A. Metaxas.
Kennedy, C.B., (2003) Biomineralization
of iron oxides in seafloor
Levesque, C. (2003) Food webs of Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vents. PhD thesis in Biology. Université du Québec à Montréal.
Lynch, K. S., Bacterial community structure and phylogenetic diversity of hydrothermal vents at Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Western, Ms. Thesis, Washington Un., 71 pp., 2000.
Marcus, J., Community Ecology of Hydrothermal Vents at Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific, 289 pp., PhD. Thesis, University of Victoria, 2003.
Morineaux, M. (2002) Nutrition of the polychaete Paralvinella sulfincola at hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific. MSc thesis in Oceanography, Université du Québec à Rimouski.
Pagé, A. (2003) Influence of Paralvinella sufincola on the microbial community colonizing the exterior of an active hydrothermal chimney on Axial Volcano (Juan de Fuca Ridge). MSc thesis in Oceanography, Université du Québec à Rimouski.
In Part (4 PhD's completed, 1 PhD in progress):
Kaye, J. Z. PhD. Thesis, U. Washington, 2002.
Mehta, M., PhD. Thesis, U. Washington (in progress)
Schulze, Anja, Phylogeny of vestimentiferan tube worms, 2000
Shackelford, R. U. Hawaii
Skebo, Kristina, Distribution of zooplankton and nekton above hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca and Explorer Ridges, Apr 2004
Smith, M. C., Geochemistry of eastern Pacific MORB: Implications for MORB Petrogenesis and the nature of crustal accretion within the Neovolcanic Zone of two Recently Active Ridge Segments, PhD Thesis, U. Florida, 1999.
Tsurumi, Maia, Ecology of hydrothermal vents on three segments of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, northeast Pacific, 2001
Stalin, S.E., H.B. Milburn, and C. Meinig, NeMO Net: A near real-time deep ocean observatory, in Proceedings of the MTS/IEEE Conference and Exhibition, 11-14 September 2000, pp. 583-587, Providence, RI, 2001.
Davis, E. E., Volcanic action at Axial Seamount, Nature (News and Views), 403, 379-380, 2000.
Fox and Cowen, RIDGE Events
Jones, D., NOAA Instrument survives underwater volcano, Underwater, Assoc. Diving Contractors Magazine, 66-68, March-April, 2002.
NeMO98 Cruise Report
NeMO98 Cruise Report
NeMO2000 Cruise Report
NeMO2001 Cruise Report
NeMO2002/2003 Cruise Report
NeMO website: http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/eoi/nemo
Grelon, Damien, Morineaux, M., S. K. Juniper, and G. Desrosiers. Behavior ecology of a hydrothermal vent polychaete (Paralvinella sulfincola) on sulphide mineral chimneys. (For submission to Canadian Journal of Zoology)
Levesques, C., H. Limén, and S. K. Juniper. Food web structure at deep-sea hydrothermal vents (For submission to Ecologia).
Pruis, M. J., and H. P. Johnson, Tidal modulation of hydrothermal effluent temperature, J. Geophys. Res., submitted.
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