"Studying hydrothermal vents... it's not like collecting postage stamps."
D. A. Butterfield, I. R. Jonasson, G. J. Massoth, R. A. Feely, K.K. Roe, R. E. Embley, J. F. Holden, R. E. McDuff, M. D. Lilley, and J. R. Delaney 1997 Seafloor eruptions and evolution of hydrothermal fluid chemistry. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A., 355, 369-386.
D. A. Butterfield, R.E. McDuff, J. Franklin, and C.G. Wheat (1994) Geochemistry of hydrothermal vent fluids from Middle Valley, Juan de Fuca Ridge. In Mottl, M.J., Davis, E.E., Fisher, A.T., and Slack, J.F., (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 139: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 3-17.
D. A. Butterfield, R.E. McDuff, M.J. Mottl, M.D. Lilley, J.E. Lupton, and G.J. Massoth, (1994) Gradients in the composition of hydrothermal fluids from the Endeavour Ridge vent field: phase separation and brine loss, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 9561-9583.
D.A. Butterfield and G.J. Massoth (1994) Geochemistry of North Cleft Segment vent fluids: Temporal changes in chlorinity and their possible relation to recent volcanism, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 4951-4968.
D.A. Butterfield, G.J. Massoth, R.E. McDuff, J.E. Lupton, and M.D. Lilley (1990), The geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids from ASHES vent field, Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge: sub-seafloor boiling and subsequent fluid-rock interaction, J. Geophys. Res., Vol 95, pp. 12,895-12,922.
G.J. Massoth, D.A. Butterfield, J.E. Lupton, R.E. McDuff, M.D. Lilley, and I.R. Jonasson (1989), Submarine venting of phase-separated hydrothermal fluids at Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Nature, 340, pp. 702-705.
M.D. Lilley, D.A. Butterfield, E.J. Olson, J.E. Lupton, S.A. Macko, and R.E. McDuff (1993) Anomalous CH4 and NH4+ concentrations at an unsedimented mid-ocean-ridge hydrothermal system, Nature, 364, 45-47.
J.H. Trefry, D.A. Butterfield, S. Metz, G.J. Massoth, R.P. Trocine, and R.A. Feely (1994) Trace metals in hydrothermal solutions from Cleft Segment on the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 4925-4935.
C.-F. You, D.A. Butterfield, A.J. Spivack, J.M. Gieskes, T. Gamo, and A.J. Campbell (1994) On the halide and boron systematics of submarine hydrothermal systems, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 123, 227-238.
Embley, R.W., W.W. Chadwick, Jr., I.R. Jonasson, D.A. Butterfield, and E.T. Baker (1995): Initial results of the rapid response to the 1993 CoAxial event: Relationships between hydrothermal and volcanic processes. Geophysical Research Letters., 22(2), 143-146.