The Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array is a multi-national effort to provide data in real-time for climate research and forecasting. Major components include the TAO/TRITON array in the Pacific, PIRATA in the Atlantic, and RAMA in the Indian Ocean. The major phenomenological foci of this array are:
El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific
The interhemispheric dipole mode, equatorial warm events, and hurricane activity in the Atlantic
The monsoons, the Indian Ocean Dipole, and intraseasonal variability
in the Indian Ocean
The Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array is a contribution to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), and the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS).